ä U+00E4, ä
LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH DIAERESIS
Composition:a [U+0061] + ◌̈ [U+0308]
ã
[U+00E3]
Latin-1 Supplement å
[U+00E5]

Translingual edit

Symbol edit

ä

  1. (IPA) Sometimes used to transcribe an open central unrounded vowel, as ⟨a⟩ is officially an open front vowel.
  2. (actuarial notation) Annuity-due.
    än̅|n-year annuity-due
    äx:n̅|n-year annuity-due to a person currently age x
    äxlife annuity-due to a person currently age x
     k-year deferred life annuity-due to a person currently age x, compounded m-thly

English edit

Symbol edit

ä

  1. (lexicography) A dictionary transcription for the PALM vowel

Arin edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Yeniseian *axʷ (I). Compare Kott ai (I) and Pumpokol ad (I). Also see Assan aj.

Pronoun edit

ä

  1. I (first-person singular subjective)

Synonyms edit

Related terms edit

Dinka edit

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): /a̤/

Letter edit

ä (upper case Ä)

  1. A letter of the Dinka alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Elfdalian edit

Noun edit

ä f

  1. island

Inflection edit

Estonian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ä (lower case, upper case Ä)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called ää and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

See Ä.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ä (lower case, upper case Ä)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Finnish alphabet, called ää and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes edit

Should not be replaced by ae in case of technical restrictions (like in e.g. German), as that may change the meaning.

See also edit

German edit

Noun edit

ä n (strong, genitive ä or äs, plural ä or äs)

  1. Alternative form of Ä

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • ä” in Duden online
  • ä” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Livonian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ä (upper case Ä)

  1. The third letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Romani edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ä (lower case, upper case Ä)

  1. (International Standard) Used to represent a dialectal centralized vowel.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Marcel Courthiade (2009), “DECISION : "THE ROMANI ALPHABET"”, in Melinda Rézműves, editor, Morri angluni rromane ćhibǎqi evroputni lavustik = Első rromani nyelvű európai szótáram : cigány, magyar, angol, francia, spanyol, német, ukrán, román, horvát, szlovák, görög [My First European-Romani Dictionary: Romani, Hungarian, English, French, Spanish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Greek] (in Hungarian; English), Budapest: Fővárosi Onkormányzat Cigány Ház--Romano Kher, →ISBN, page 499
  2. ^ Yūsuke Sumi (2018), “ä”, in ニューエクスプレス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, →ISBN, page 16

Skolt Sami edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ä (upper case Ä)

  1. The thirty-sixth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Slovak edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ɛ/, /ɛɐ̯/

Letter edit

ä (upper case Ä)

  1. The third letter of the Slovak alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • ä”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovene edit

Etymology 1 edit

From German ä, with its corresponding pronunciation, which is still used by some speakers, however, the majority of speakers have vernacularized the pronunciation to a long close-mid vowel regardless of the initial pronunciation.

Pronunciation 1 edit

Letter edit

ä (lower case, upper case Ä)

  1. Additional letter in Slovene common mostly in loanwords from German.
Noun edit

ä m inan

  1. (educated) The name of the Latin script letter Ä / ä.

Usage notes edit

It is more common to use the name preglašeni a than to use this name.

Inflection edit

  • Overall more common
 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., soft o-stem
nom. sing. ä
gen. sing. ä-ja
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
ä ä-ja ä-ji
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
ä-ja ä-jev ä-jev
dative
(dajȃlnik)
ä-ju ä-jema ä-jem
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
ä ä-ja ä-je
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
ä-ju ä-jih ä-jih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
ä-jem ä-jema ä-ji
  • More common when with a definite adjective
Masculine inan., no endings
nom. sing. ä
gen. sing. ä
singular dual plural
nominative ä ä ä
accusative ä ä ä
genitive ä ä ä
dative ä ä ä
locative ä ä ä
instrumental ä ä ä

Pronunciation 2 edit

Symbol edit

ä

  1. (SNPT) Phonetic transcription of dialectal sound [æ].

Etymology 2 edit

Letter a with diaeresis (¨) to signify centralization.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ä (lower case, upper case Ä)

  1. The second letter of the Resian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

References edit

  • Kenda-Jež, Karmen (February 27, 2017) Fonetična trankripcija [Phonetic transcription]‎[1] (in Slovene), Znanstvenoraziskovalni center SAZU, Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša, retrieved March 19, 2022, pages 27–30
  • Steenwijk, Han (1994) Ortografia resiana = Tö jošt rozajanskë pïsanjë (in it, sl-rozaj), Padua: CLEUP

Southern Tutchone edit

Pronunciation edit

  1. IPA(key): /ə/

Letter edit

ä (upper case Ä)

  1. A letter of the Southern Tutchone alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Swedish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

 
The word äng (meadow) from year 1777, where the now obsolete variation aͤ is still used.

Originally a ligature of A and E. During the 16th century, the letter began to be written as an A with a lower case e ontop (Aͤ respectively aͤ). During the first decades of the 18th century, the use of umlaut emerged.

Pronunciation edit

Letter name
Phoneme

Letter edit

ä (lower case, upper case Ä)

  1. The second last letter of the Swedish alphabet, pronounced /ɛː/ when long, /ɛ/ when short, /æː/ when long and before r, and /æ/ when short and before r.

Declension edit

Declension of ä 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ä äet än äna
Genitive äs äets äns änas

Further reading edit

Teribe edit

Noun edit

ä

  1. axe

References edit

  • Gamarra A., Enrique; Villagra S., Inocencio (1980) Llëbo ñaglo lok kibokwogo ëre e lanyo = Vocabulario ilustrado teribe-español[2] (in Teribe and Spanish), Instituto Nacional de Cultura & Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, page 92

Turkmen edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /æ/, /æː/

Letter edit

ä (upper case Ä)

  1. The sixth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called ä and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Volapük edit

Prefix edit

ä

  1. Verbal prefix for the imperfect tense.

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ˈaː/, /ˌa/

Letter edit

ä (upper case Ä)

  1. The letter A, marked for its syllabic pronunciation distinct from adjacent vowels.