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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

1685–95, from Latin uncia. Compare inch, ounce, and Latin ūnus (one).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

 
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uncia (plural unciae)

  1. (classical studies) A twelfth part, an ounce, or an inch.
  2. (pharmacy) An ounce.
  3. A bronze coin minted during the Roman Republic, valued at one-twelfth of an as.
  4. (algebra, obsolete) A numerical coefficient in a case of the binomial theorem.

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ūnus.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit

The length of the vowel in the first syllable is uncertain. Although the vowel is etymologically long, there is evidence that originally long vowels could be shortened before consonant clusters starting in resonant consonants such as [ŋ] in Latin (a similar sound change by the name of Osthoff's Law occurred in Greek).[1] French once represents a Latin form ŭncia with a short vowel.[2]

NounEdit

ū̆ncia f (genitive ū̆nciae); first declension

  1. The twelfth part of something; twelfth.
  2. The twelfth part of a pound, ounce.
  3. The twelfth part of a foot, inch.
  4. The twelfth part of a jugerum.
  5. (figuratively) A trifle, bit, atom.

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ū̆ncia ū̆nciae
Genitive ū̆nciae ū̆nciārum
Dative ū̆nciae ū̆nciīs
Accusative ū̆nciam ū̆nciās
Ablative ū̆nciā ū̆nciīs
Vocative ū̆ncia ū̆nciae

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • uncia in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • uncia in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • uncia in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • uncia in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • uncia in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “ունկի”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 603a
  1. ^ Sayeed, Ollie (01 Jan 2017) "Osthoff’s Law in Latin", in Indo-European Linguistics, Volume 5, Issue 1, page 156
  2. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, page 78