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See also: .cat, CAT, Cat, cât, and cãt

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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A domestic cat

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English cat, catte, from Old English catt (male cat), catte (female cat), from Proto-Germanic *kattuz. The Germanic word is generally thought to be from Late Latin cattus (domestic cat), from Latin catta (used around 75 AD by Martial),[1] from an Afro-Asiatic language, but every proposed source word has presented problems. Many references refer to "Berber" (Kabyle) kaddîska (wildcat) and "Nubian [script needed] (kadīs)" as possible sources or cognates, but M. Lionel Bender says the Nubian term is a loan from Arabic قِطَّة (qiṭṭa).[2] Jean-Paul Savignac suggests the Latin word is from an Egyptian precursor of Coptic ϣⲁⲩ (šau, tomcat) suffixed with feminine -t,[3] but John Huehnergard says "the source [...] was clearly not Egyptian itself, where no analogous form is attested."[2] Huehnergard opines it is "equally likely that the forms might derive from an ancient Germanic word, imported into Latin and thence to Greek and to Syriac and Arabic". Guus Kroonen also considers the word to be native to Germanic (due to morphological alternations) and Northern Europe, and suggests that it might ultimately be borrowed from Uralic, cf. Northern Sami gađfe (female stoat) and Hungarian hölgy (stoat; lady, bride) from Proto-Uralic *käďwä (female (of a fur animal)).[4]

Related to Scots cat, West Frisian kat, North Frisian kåt and kaat, Dutch kat, Danish kat, Norwegian katt, Swedish katt, Low German Katt and Katte, German Katze, Alemannic German Chatz, Icelandic köttur, Afrikaans kat, French chat, Norman cat, Occitan cat, Aromanian cãtush, Scottish Gaelic cat, Irish cat, Welsh cath, Cornish kath, as well as Ancient Greek κάττα (kátta), Greek γάτα (gáta), and from the same ultimate source Russian кот (kot), Belarusian кот (kot), Polish kot, Kashubian kòt, Lithuanian katė, and more distantly Armenian կատու (katu), Basque katu, Hebrew חתול (khatúl), Arabic قِطَّة (qiṭṭa) .

NounEdit

cat (plural cats)

  1. An animal of the family Felidae:
    • 2011, Karl Kruszelnicki, Brain Food, ISBN 1466828129, page 53:
      Mammals need two genes to make the taste receptor for sugar. Studies in various cats (tigers, cheetahs and domestic cats) showed that one of these genes has mutated and no longer works.
    Synonyms: felid
    1. A domesticated subspecies (Felis silvestris catus) of feline animal, commonly kept as a house pet. [from 8thc.]
      • 1892, Walter Besant, chapter II, in The Ivory Gate: A Novel, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, Franklin Square, OCLC 16832619:
        At twilight in the summer there is never anybody to fear—man, woman, or cat—in the chambers and at that hour the mice come out. They do not eat parchment or foolscap or red tape, but they eat the luncheon crumbs.
      Synonyms: puss, pussy, malkin, kitty, pussy-cat, grimalkin
    2. Any similar animal of the family Felidae, which includes lions, tigers, bobcats, etc.
      • 1977, Peter Hathaway Capstick, Death in the Long Grass: A Big Game Hunter's Adventures in the African Bush, St. Martin's Press, 44.
        I grabbed it and ran over to the lion from behind, the cat still chewing thoughtfully on Silent's arm.
      • 1985 January, George Laycock, "Our American Lion", in Boy Scouts of America, Boy's Life, 28.
        If you should someday round a corner on the hiking trail and come face to face with a mountain lion, you would probably never forget the mighty cat.
      • 2014, Dale Mayer, Rare Find. A Psychic Visions Novel, Valley Publishing.
        She felt privileged to be here, living the experience inside the majestic cat [i.e. a tiger]; privileged to be part of their bond, even for only a few hours.
  2. A person.
    1. (offensive) A spiteful or angry woman. [from earlier 13thc.]
      • 1835 September, anonymous, "The Pigs", in The New-England Magazine, Vol. 9, 156.
        But, ere one rapid moon its tale has told, / He finds his prize — a cat — a slut — a scold.
      Synonyms: bitch
    2. An enthusiast or player of jazz.
      • 2008, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds (lyrics and music), “Hold on to Yourself”:
        I turn on the radio / There's some cat on the saxophone / Laying down a litany of excuses
    3. (slang) A person (usually male).
      • 1973 December, "Books Noted", discussing A Dialogue (by James Baldwin and Nikki Giovanni), in Black World, Johnson Publishing Company, 77.
        BALDWIN: That's what we were talking about before. And by the way, you did not have to tell me that you think your father is a groovy cat; I knew that.
      Synonyms: bloke, chap, cove, dude, fellow, fella, guy
    4. (slang) A prostitute. [from at least early 15thc.]
      • 1999, Carl P. Eby, Hemingway's Fetishism. Psychoanalysis and the Mirror of Manhood, State University of New York Press, 124.
        “Tell me. Willie said there was a cat in love with you. That isn't true, is it?” “Yes. It's true,” Hudson corrects her, letting her think that by “cat” he means prostitute.
  3. (nautical) A strong tackle used to hoist an anchor to the cathead of a ship.
    • 2009, Olof A. Eriksen, Constitution - All Sails Up and Flying, Outskirts Press, 134.
      Overhaul down & hook the cat, haul taut. Walk away the cat. When up, pass the cat head stopper. Hook the fish in & fish the anchor.
  4. (chiefly nautical) Short form of cat-o'-nine-tails.
    • 1839, Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York, testimony by Henry L. Pinckney (Assembly No. 335), page 44:
      [] he whipped a black man for disobedience of his orders fifty lashes; and again whipped him with a cat, which he wound with wire, about the same number of stripes; [] he used this cat on one other man, and then destroyed the cat wound with wire.
  5. (archaic) A sturdy merchant sailing vessel (now only in "catboat").
  6. (archaic, uncountable) The game of "trap and ball" (also called "cat and dog").
    1. The trap of the game of "trap and ball".
  7. (slang, vulgar, African American Vernacular) A vagina, a vulva; the female external genitalia.
    • 1969, Iceberg Slim, Pimp: The Story of My Life, Holloway House Publishing:
      "What the hell, so this broad's got a prematurely-gray cat."
    • 2005, Carolyn Chambers Sanders, Sins & Secrets, Hachette Digital:
      As she came up, she tried to put her cat in his face for some licking.
    • 2007, Franklin White, Money for Good, Simon and Schuster, page 64:
      I had a notion to walk over to her, rip her apron off, sling her housecoat open and put my finger inside her cat to see if she was wet or freshly fucked because the dream I had earlier was beginning to really annoy me.
  8. A double tripod (for holding a plate, etc.) with six feet, of which three rest on the ground, in whatever position it is placed.
SynonymsEdit

See also Wikisaurus:cat, Wikisaurus:man.

The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. Use the templates {{syn|en|...}} or {{ant|en|...}} to add them to the appropriate sense(s).
HyponymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

See cat/translations § Noun.

VerbEdit

cat (third-person singular simple present cats, present participle catting, simple past and past participle catted)

  1. (nautical, transitive) To hoist (the anchor) by its ring so that it hangs at the cathead.
  2. (nautical, transitive) To flog with a cat-o'-nine-tails.
  3. (slang) To vomit something.
TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Abbreviation of catamaran.

NounEdit

cat (plural cats)

  1. A catamaran.

Etymology 3Edit

Abbreviation of catenate.

NounEdit

cat (plural cats)

  1. (computing) A program and command in Unix that reads one or more files and directs their content to the standard output.

VerbEdit

cat (third-person singular simple present cats, present participle catting, simple past and past participle catted)

  1. (computing, transitive) To apply the cat command to (one or more files).
  2. (computing, slang) To dump large amounts of data on (an unprepared target) usually with no intention of browsing it carefully.

Etymology 4Edit

Possibly a shortened form of catastrophic.

AdjectiveEdit

cat (not comparable)

  1. (Ireland, informal) terrible, disastrous.
    The weather was cat, so they returned home early.
Usage notesEdit

This usage is common in speech but rarely appears in writing.

Etymology 5Edit

Shortened from methcathinone.

NounEdit

cat (uncountable)

  1. (slang) A street name of the drug methcathinone.

Etymology 6Edit

Shortened from catapult.

NounEdit

cat (plural cats)

  1. (military, naval) A catapult.
    a carrier's bow cats

Etymology 7Edit

NounEdit

cat (plural cats)

  1. Abbreviation of category.

Etymology 8Edit

Abbreviation of catfish.

NounEdit

cat (plural cats)

  1. A catfish.
    • 1913, Willa Cather, chapter 2, in O Pioneers!:
      She missed the fish diet of her own country, and twice every summer she sent the boys to the river, twenty miles to the southward, to fish for channel cat.
    • 1916, M. Shults, "Fishing for Yellow Cat in the Brazos", in Field and Stream, vol. 21, 478.
      Fishing for cat is probably, up to a certain stage, the least exciting of all similar sports.

Etymology 9Edit

Abbreviation of caterpillar.

NounEdit

cat (plural cats)

  1. (slang) Any of a variety of earth-moving machines. (from their manufacturer Caterpillar Inc.)
  2. A caterpillar drive vehicle (a ground vehicle which uses caterpillar tracks), especially tractors, trucks, minibuses, and snow groomers.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, s.v. "cat", [html], retrieved on 29 September 2009: [1].
  2. 2.0 2.1 John Huehnergard, Qitta: Arabic Cats, in Classical Arabic Humanities in Their Own Terms
  3. ^ Jean-Paul Savignac, Dictionnaire français-gaulois, s.v. "chat" (Paris: Errance, 2004), 82.
  4. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*kattōn-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

AnagramsEdit


IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Malay cat, from Min Nan (chhat), from Middle Chinese (tsit).

NounEdit

cat

  1. paint (substance)

IrishEdit

 
Cat

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish catt, from Latin cattus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cat m (genitive singular cait, nominative plural cait)

  1. cat (domestic feline; member of the Felidae)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cat chat gcat
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

cat

  1. rafsi of cartu.

MalayEdit

 
cat

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Min Nan (chhat), from Middle Chinese (tsit).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cat (Jawi spelling چت)

  1. paint (substance)

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

cat (plural cats)

  1. cat (feline)

NormanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Old Northern French cat (Old French chat) < Late Latin cattus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cat m (plural cats, feminine catte)

  1. cat
    • c. 1830, George Métivier, ‘Lamentations de Damaris’:
      Où'est donc qu'j'iron, mé et mes puches / Ma catte, et l'reste de l'écu?
    • 2006, Peggy Collenette, ‘D'la gâche de Guernési’, P'tites Lures Guernésiaises, Cromwell Press 2006, page 20:
      Ils d'visirent pour enne haeure, mais la Louise était pas chagrinaïe au tour sa pâte, pasqué a savait que le cat était à gardaïr la pâte caoude. (They talked for an hour, but Louise was not worried about her dough, because she knew that the cat was keeping the dough warm.)
  2. (Jersey) common dab (Limanda limanda)

Derived termsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

NounEdit

cat m (oblique plural caz or catz, nominative singular caz or catz, nominative plural cat)

  1. (Picardy, Anglo-Norman) Alternative form of chat

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Turkish kat.

NounEdit

cat n (plural caturi)

  1. floor (storey)

DeclensionEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish catt, from Latin cattus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cat m (genitive singular cait, plural cait)

  1. cat (animal)

DeclensionEdit


Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
cat chat
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.