Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: vellum

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Latin velum (veil, sail).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈviːləm/, /ˈvɛləm/

NounEdit

velum (plural vela or velums)

  1. A thin membrane, resembling a veil, such as:
    1. (anatomy) The soft palate.
    2. (botany) A thin membrane partially covering the cluster of sporangia near the leaf base in quillworts and their extinct relatives.
    3. (mycology) A veil-like membrane of immature mushrooms extending from the margin of the cap to the stem and is torn by growth, to reveal the gills.
    4. (malacology) A locomotory and feeding organ provided with cilia found in the larval stage of bivalves.
    5. (zoology) A circular membrane round the cap of medusa.
    6. A delicate membrane found on certain protists.
  2. (meteorology) An accessory cloud resembling a veil extending over a large distance. Normally associated with cumulus and cumulonimbus.

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

 
vēla rubra (red sails)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *weg- (to weave a web) or *weǵʰ- (to ride), thus "that which propels" (compare its diminutive noun vexillum, as in pālus, paxillus). If the latter, a direct cognate is Proto-Slavic *veslo (oar).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vēlum n (genitive vēlī); second declension

  1. the sail of a ship
  2. a cloth, curtain, veil, awning

InflectionEdit

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative vēlum vēla
genitive vēlī vēlōrum
dative vēlō vēlīs
accusative vēlum vēla
ablative vēlō vēlīs
vocative vēlum vēla

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • velum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • velum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • velum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • velum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to put to sea: vela in altum dare (Liv. 25. 27)
    • (ambiguous) to set the sails: vela facere, pandere
    • (ambiguous) to set the sails: vela dare
    • (ambiguous) to furl the sails: vela contrahere (also metaph.)
    • (ambiguous) sails and rigging: vela armamentaque
  • velum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers