English

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Pronunciation

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  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈviːlə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈvilə/
  • Audio (US):(file)
  • Rhymes: -iːlə

Noun

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vela

  1. plural of velum

Anagrams

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Asturian

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Etymology

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From Vulgar Latin *vēla, from the plural of Latin vēlum.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈbela/, [ˈbe.la]
  • Rhymes: -ela
  • Hyphenation: ve‧la

Noun

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vela f (plural veles)

  1. watch (supervision)
  2. sail (a piece of fabric attached to a boat)
  3. sailing (sport)
  4. candle (a light source)
    Synonym: candela
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Catalan

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Inherited from Old Catalan vela, from Vulgar Latin *vēla, from the plural of Latin vēlum, reinterpreted as a feminine singular.

Noun

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vela f (plural veles)

  1. sail (on a boat)
  2. sailing (sport)
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References

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  • “vela” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Etymology 2

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Verb

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vela

  1. inflection of velar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Faroese

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Noun

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vela

  1. indefinite genitive plural of vel

Franco-Provençal

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Franco-Provençal Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia frp

Etymology

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Inherited from Latin vīlla.

Noun

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vela f (plural veles) (ORB large)

  1. city
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References

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  • ville in DicoFranPro: Dictionnaire Français/Francoprovençal – on dicofranpro.llm.umontreal.ca
  • vela in Lo trèsor Arpitan – on arpitan.eu

Galician

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈbɛla/ [ˈbɛ.lɐ]
  • Rhymes: -ɛla
  • Hyphenation: ve‧la

Etymology 1

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From Old Galician-Portuguese vela, an early borrowing from Vulgar Latin *vēla, from the plural of Latin vēlum. Compare the inherited Old Portuguese vea.

Noun

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vela f (plural velas)

  1. a sail
  2. sailing

Etymology 2

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From Old Galician-Portuguese [Term?], from Latin vigilia, or back-formation from velar.

Noun

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vela f (plural velas)

  1. watch, vigil

Etymology 3

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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vela

  1. inflection of velar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Italian

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Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈve.la/
  • Rhymes: -ela
  • Hyphenation: vé‧la

Etymology 1

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From Vulgar Latin *vēla, from the plural of Latin vēlum. Doublet of voile.

Alternative forms

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Noun

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vela f (plural vele)

  1. (nautical) sail
  2. (nautical, sports) sailing
  3. (architecture) web (of a vault)
Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • Romanian: velă

Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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vela

  1. inflection of velare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading

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  • vela in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams

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Ladin

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Noun

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vela f (plural veles)

  1. election

Latin

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Etymology 1

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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Noun

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vela f (genitive velae); first declension

  1. Gallic synonym of īriō
    • AD 77–79, C. Plinius Secundus (aut.), K.F.T. Mayhoff (ed.), Naturalis Historia (1906), bk XXII, ch. lxxv:
      irionem inter fruges sesamae similem esse diximus et a graecis erysimon vocari, galli velam appellant.
      When treating of the cereals, we have already stated that the irio, which strongly resembles sesame, is also called “erysimon” by the Greeks: the Gauls give it the name of “vela.” ― translation from: J. Bostock and H.T. Riley, The Natural History (1855), bk XXII, ch. lxxv
Declension
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First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vela velae
Genitive velae velārum
Dative velae velīs
Accusative velam velās
Ablative velā velīs
Vocative vela velae
Descendants
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References

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  • vela”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vela in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • vela in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette, page 1,651/2.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to put to sea: vela in altum dare (Liv. 25. 27)
    • (ambiguous) to set the sails: vela facere, pandere
    • (ambiguous) to set the sails: vela dare
    • (ambiguous) to furl the sails: vela contrahere (also metaph.)
    • (ambiguous) sails and rigging: vela armamentaque
  • uela” on page 2,022/1 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)

Etymology 2

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Regularly declined forms of vēlum.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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vēla n

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of vēlum

Etymology 3

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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vēlā

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of vēlō

Norwegian Nynorsk

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Noun

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vela n

  1. definite plural of vele

Phuthi

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *-dùɪda, applicative form of *-dùa.

Verb

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-vela

  1. to come, to originate [+locative = from]

Inflection

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This entry needs an inflection-table template.

Piedmontese

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Noun

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vela f (plural vele)

  1. sail

Portuguese

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Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt
 
vela (1)
 
vela (2)

Alternative forms

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Deverbal from velar. Less likely inherited from Latin vigilia.

Noun

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vela f (plural velas)

  1. candle
    Synonym: candeia
    Acendi uma vela para iluminar a sala.
    I lit a candle to illuminate the room.
  2. Clipping of vela de ignição.
  3. (slang) third wheel
Descendants
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Etymology 2

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From Old Galician-Portuguese vela, an early borrowing from Latin vēla, plural of vēlum (sail of a ship), from Proto-Indo-European *weg (to weave a web). Displaced Old Galician-Portuguese vea.

Noun

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vela f (plural velas)

  1. (nautical) sail
    A embarcação tem dois mastros com velas quadradas.
    The ship has two masts with square sails.
  2. (nautical, sports) sailing
    Vela é um desporto olímpico.
    Sailing is an Olympic sport.
Derived terms
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Etymology 3

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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vela

  1. inflection of velar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Spanish

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Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Deverbal from velar

Noun

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vela f (plural velas)

  1. candle
    Synonyms: cirio, candela
  2. wakefulness, sleeplessness
    Synonym: vigilia
    una noche en velaa sleepless night
    • 2018 July 6, Jordi Costa, “Nocturno urbano”, in El País[2], Madrid, →ISSN:
      Pasarse una errante noche en vela por las calles de la ciudad tiene algo de tránsito al otro lado del espejo, tal y como propuso el Martin Scorsese de Jo, qué noche (1985), una película que deformaba la poética maldita comúnmente asociada al nocturno urbano sirviéndose de un estilizado humor negro.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
  3. vigil, watch
  4. (Latin American) Any of various indigenous festivals.
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Inherited from Vulgar Latin *vēla, from the plural of Latin vēlum. Compare English veil.

Noun

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vela f (plural velas)

  1. (nautical) sail
  2. (nautical) sailing
Derived terms
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Descendants
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Etymology 3

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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vela

  1. inflection of ver:
    1. second-person singular imperative combined with la
    2. second-person singular voseo imperative combined with la in pronominal form for singular feminine noun or person:
    Vela = see (or watch) her (a female); see (or watch) it (a feminine noun).

Etymology 4

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Verb

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vela

  1. second-person singular imperative of ir combined with la

Etymology 5

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Verb

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vela

  1. inflection of velar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading

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Anagrams

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Swazi

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *-dùɪda, applicative form of *-dùa.

Verb

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-vela

  1. to come, to originate [+locative = from]
  2. to appear

Inflection

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This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Swedish

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Back-formation from velig.

Verb

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vela (present velar, preterite velade, supine velat, imperative vela)

  1. to be undecided, to hesitate, to do nothing because one hasn't decided on which action to take (with disapproving connotations)
    Ska det velas hit och dit så blir det inget.
    If people are going to vacillate, then it won't happen.
    Kan han sluta vela eller?
    Can he make up his mind already?

Usage notes

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  • The supine is the same as for vilja (to want, to will), which is the opposite of being undecided. Puns are made of this.

Conjugation

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Further reading

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Anagrams

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Tongan

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Adjective

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vela

  1. hot

Xhosa

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *-dùɪda, applicative form of *-dùa.

Verb

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-vela

  1. to come, to originate [+locative = from]

Inflection

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This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Zulu

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *-dùɪda, applicative form of *-dùa.

Verb

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-vela

  1. to appear, to come into view
  2. to happen, to occur
  3. to come, to originate [+locative = from]

Inflection

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Tone L
Infinitive ukuvela
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuvela ukungaveli
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular vela -vele
Plural velani -veleni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyavela, ngivela engivelayo, engivela ngivela angiveli engingaveli ngingaveli
2nd singular uyavela, uvela ovelayo, ovela uvela awuveli ongaveli ungaveli
1st plural siyavela, sivela esivelayo, esivela sivela asiveli esingaveli singaveli
2nd plural niyavela, nivela enivelayo, enivela nivela aniveli eningaveli ningaveli
Class 1 uyavela, uvela ovelayo, ovela evela akaveli ongaveli engaveli
Class 2 bayavela, bavela abavelayo, abavela bevela abaveli abangaveli bengaveli
Class 3 uyavela, uvela ovelayo, ovela uvela awuveli ongaveli ungaveli
Class 4 iyavela, ivela evelayo, evela ivela ayiveli engaveli ingaveli
Class 5 liyavela, livela elivelayo, elivela livela aliveli elingaveli lingaveli
Class 6 ayavela, avela avelayo, avela evela awaveli angaveli engaveli
Class 7 siyavela, sivela esivelayo, esivela sivela asiveli esingaveli singaveli
Class 8 ziyavela, zivela ezivelayo, ezivela zivela aziveli ezingaveli zingaveli
Class 9 iyavela, ivela evelayo, evela ivela ayiveli engaveli ingaveli
Class 10 ziyavela, zivela ezivelayo, ezivela zivela aziveli ezingaveli zingaveli
Class 11 luyavela, luvela oluvelayo, oluvela luvela aluveli olungaveli lungaveli
Class 14 buyavela, buvela obuvelayo, obuvela buvela abuveli obungaveli bungaveli
Class 15 kuyavela, kuvela okuvelayo, okuvela kuvela akuveli okungaveli kungaveli
Class 17 kuyavela, kuvela okuvelayo, okuvela kuvela akuveli okungaveli kungaveli
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngivelile, ngivelē engivelile, engivelē ngivelile, ngivelē angivelanga engingavelanga ngingavelanga
2nd singular uvelile, uvelē ovelile, ovelē uvelile, uvelē awuvelanga ongavelanga ungavelanga
1st plural sivelile, sivelē esivelile, esivelē sivelile, sivelē asivelanga esingavelanga singavelanga
2nd plural nivelile, nivelē enivelile, enivelē nivelile, nivelē anivelanga eningavelanga ningavelanga
Class 1 uvelile, uvelē ovelile, ovelē evelile, evelē akavelanga ongavelanga engavelanga
Class 2 bavelile, bavelē abavelile, abavelē bevelile, bevelē abavelanga abangavelanga bengavelanga
Class 3 uvelile, uvelē ovelile, ovelē uvelile, uvelē awuvelanga ongavelanga ungavelanga
Class 4 ivelile, ivelē evelile, evelē ivelile, ivelē ayivelanga engavelanga ingavelanga
Class 5 livelile, livelē elivelile, elivelē livelile, livelē alivelanga elingavelanga lingavelanga
Class 6 avelile, avelē avelile, avelē evelile, evelē awavelanga angavelanga engavelanga
Class 7 sivelile, sivelē esivelile, esivelē sivelile, sivelē asivelanga esingavelanga singavelanga
Class 8 zivelile, zivelē ezivelile, ezivelē zivelile, zivelē azivelanga ezingavelanga zingavelanga
Class 9 ivelile, ivelē evelile, evelē ivelile, ivelē ayivelanga engavelanga ingavelanga
Class 10 zivelile, zivelē ezivelile, ezivelē zivelile, zivelē azivelanga ezingavelanga zingavelanga
Class 11 luvelile, luvelē oluvelile, oluvelē luvelile, luvelē aluvelanga olungavelanga lungavelanga
Class 14 buvelile, buvelē obuvelile, obuvelē buvelile, buvelē abuvelanga obungavelanga bungavelanga
Class 15 kuvelile, kuvelē okuvelile, okuvelē kuvelile, kuvelē akuvelanga okungavelanga kungavelanga
Class 17 kuvelile, kuvelē okuvelile, okuvelē kuvelile, kuvelē akuvelanga okungavelanga kungavelanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāvela engāvela ngāvela angivelanga engingavelanga ngingavelanga
2nd singular wāvela owāvela wāvela awuvelanga ongavelanga ungavelanga
1st plural sāvela esāvela sāvela asivelanga esingavelanga singavelanga
2nd plural nāvela enāvela nāvela anivelanga eningavelanga ningavelanga
Class 1 wāvela owāvela āvela akavelanga ongavelanga engavelanga
Class 2 bāvela abāvela bāvela abavelanga abangavelanga bengavelanga
Class 3 wāvela owāvela wāvela awuvelanga ongavelanga ungavelanga
Class 4 yāvela eyāvela yāvela ayivelanga engavelanga ingavelanga
Class 5 lāvela elāvela lāvela alivelanga elingavelanga lingavelanga
Class 6 āvela āvela āvela awavelanga angavelanga engavelanga
Class 7 sāvela esāvela sāvela asivelanga esingavelanga singavelanga
Class 8 zāvela ezāvela zāvela azivelanga ezingavelanga zingavelanga
Class 9 yāvela eyāvela yāvela ayivelanga engavelanga ingavelanga
Class 10 zāvela ezāvela zāvela azivelanga ezingavelanga zingavelanga
Class 11 lwāvela olwāvela lwāvela aluvelanga olungavelanga lungavelanga
Class 14 bāvela obāvela bāvela abuvelanga obungavelanga bungavelanga
Class 15 kwāvela okwāvela kwāvela akuvelanga okungavelanga kungavelanga
Class 17 kwāvela okwāvela kwāvela akuvelanga okungavelanga kungavelanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingavela ngingavela ngingevele ngingevele
2nd singular ungavela ungavela ungevele ungevele
1st plural singavela singavela singevele singevele
2nd plural ningavela ningavela ningevele ningevele
Class 1 angavela engavela angevele engevele
Class 2 bangavela bengavela bangevele bengevele
Class 3 ungavela ungavela ungevele ungevele
Class 4 ingavela ingavela ingevele ingevele
Class 5 lingavela lingavela lingevele lingevele
Class 6 angavela engavela angevele engevele
Class 7 singavela singavela singevele singevele
Class 8 zingavela zingavela zingevele zingevele
Class 9 ingavela ingavela ingevele ingevele
Class 10 zingavela zingavela zingevele zingevele
Class 11 lungavela lungavela lungevele lungevele
Class 14 bungavela bungavela bungevele bungevele
Class 15 kungavela kungavela kungevele kungevele
Class 17 kungavela kungavela kungevele kungevele
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizovela engizovela ngizovela angizuvela engingezuvela ngingezuvela
2nd singular uzovela ozovela uzovela awuzuvela ongezuvela ungezuvela
1st plural sizovela esizovela sizovela asizuvela esingezuvela singezuvela
2nd plural nizovela enizovela nizovela anizuvela eningezuvela ningezuvela
Class 1 uzovela ozovela ezovela akazuvela ongezuvela engezuvela
Class 2 bazovela abazovela bezovela abazuvela abangezuvela bengezuvela
Class 3 uzovela ozovela uzovela awuzuvela ongezuvela ungezuvela
Class 4 izovela ezovela izovela ayizuvela engezuvela ingezuvela
Class 5 lizovela elizovela lizovela alizuvela elingezuvela lingezuvela
Class 6 azovela azovela ezovela awazuvela angezuvela engezuvela
Class 7 sizovela esizovela sizovela asizuvela esingezuvela singezuvela
Class 8 zizovela ezizovela zizovela azizuvela ezingezuvela zingezuvela
Class 9 izovela ezovela izovela ayizuvela engezuvela ingezuvela
Class 10 zizovela ezizovela zizovela azizuvela ezingezuvela zingezuvela
Class 11 luzovela oluzovela luzovela aluzuvela olungezuvela lungezuvela
Class 14 buzovela obuzovela buzovela abuzuvela obungezuvela bungezuvela
Class 15 kuzovela okuzovela kuzovela akuzuvela okungezuvela kungezuvela
Class 17 kuzovela okuzovela kuzovela akuzuvela okungezuvela kungezuvela
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyovela engiyovela ngiyovela angiyuvela engingeyuvela ngingeyuvela
2nd singular uyovela oyovela uyovela awuyuvela ongeyuvela ungeyuvela
1st plural siyovela esiyovela siyovela asiyuvela esingeyuvela singeyuvela
2nd plural niyovela eniyovela niyovela aniyuvela eningeyuvela ningeyuvela
Class 1 uyovela oyovela eyovela akayuvela ongeyuvela engeyuvela
Class 2 bayovela abayovela beyovela abayuvela abangeyuvela bengeyuvela
Class 3 uyovela oyovela uyovela awuyuvela ongeyuvela ungeyuvela
Class 4 iyovela eyovela iyovela ayiyuvela engeyuvela ingeyuvela
Class 5 liyovela eliyovela liyovela aliyuvela elingeyuvela lingeyuvela
Class 6 ayovela ayovela eyovela awayuvela angeyuvela engeyuvela
Class 7 siyovela esiyovela siyovela asiyuvela esingeyuvela singeyuvela
Class 8 ziyovela eziyovela ziyovela aziyuvela ezingeyuvela zingeyuvela
Class 9 iyovela eyovela iyovela ayiyuvela engeyuvela ingeyuvela
Class 10 ziyovela eziyovela ziyovela aziyuvela ezingeyuvela zingeyuvela
Class 11 luyovela oluyovela luyovela aluyuvela olungeyuvela lungeyuvela
Class 14 buyovela obuyovela buyovela abuyuvela obungeyuvela bungeyuvela
Class 15 kuyovela okuyovela kuyovela akuyuvela okungeyuvela kungeyuvela
Class 17 kuyovela okuyovela kuyovela akuyuvela okungeyuvela kungeyuvela
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngivele ngingaveli
2nd singular uvele ungaveli
1st plural sivele singaveli
2nd plural nivele ningaveli
Class 1 avele angaveli
Class 2 bavele bangaveli
Class 3 uvele ungaveli
Class 4 ivele ingaveli
Class 5 livele lingaveli
Class 6 avele angaveli
Class 7 sivele singaveli
Class 8 zivele zingaveli
Class 9 ivele ingaveli
Class 10 zivele zingaveli
Class 11 luvele lungaveli
Class 14 buvele bungaveli
Class 15 kuvele kungaveli
Class 17 kuvele kungaveli
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngavela ngangavela, angavela, angangavela
2nd singular wavela wangavela, awavela, awangavela
1st plural savela sangavela, asavela, asangavela
2nd plural navela nangavela, anavela, anangavela
Class 1 wavela wangavela, akavela, akangavela
Class 2 bavela bangavela, abavela, abangavela
Class 3 wavela wangavela, awavela, awangavela
Class 4 yavela yangavela, ayavela, ayangavela
Class 5 lavela langavela, alavela, alangavela
Class 6 avela angavela, awavela, awangavela
Class 7 savela sangavela, asavela, asangavela
Class 8 zavela zangavela, azavela, azangavela
Class 9 yavela yangavela, ayavela, ayangavela
Class 10 zavela zangavela, azavela, azangavela
Class 11 lwavela lwangavela, alwavela, alwangavela
Class 14 bavela bangavela, abavela, abangavela
Class 15 kwavela kwangavela, akwavela, akwangavela
Class 17 kwavela kwangavela, akwavela, akwangavela

References

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