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FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French vif, from Old French vif, from Latin vīvus (alive, living), from Proto-Italic *gʷīwos, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wós (alive).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

vif (feminine singular vive, masculine plural vifs, feminine plural vives)

  1. lively, brisk
  2. vivid, bright
  3. keen, sharp
  4. (words) poignant, cutting, sharp
  5. (edges) sharp, jagged
  6. (medicine) acute, intense, strong
  7. (feelings, emotions) great, deep

Usage notesEdit

  • In the sense “great, deep”, the adjective is placed before the noun, e.g. vif plaisir (“great pleasure”), vive tristesse (“deep sadness”). In all other senses it comes after the noun. e.g. vent vif (“keen wind”), musique vive (“lively music”).

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

NounEdit

vif m (plural vifs)

  1. living person

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French vif, from Latin vīvus (alive, living).

AdjectiveEdit

vif m (feminine singular vifve, masculine plural vifs, feminine plural vifes)

  1. alive

NormanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French vif, from Latin vīvus (alive, living).

AdjectiveEdit

vif m

  1. (Jersey) alive, quick

Derived termsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin vīvus (alive, living)

AdjectiveEdit

vif m (oblique and nominative feminine singular vive)

  1. alive

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle French: vif
  • Norman: vif

VolapükEdit