See also: VIF, víf, and vîf

Bavarian edit

Etymology edit

From French vif, from Middle French vif, from Old French vif, from Latin vīvus (alive, living), from Proto-Italic *gʷīwos, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wós (alive).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

vif (comparative vifer, superlative vifstn) (chiefly Austria)

  1. vivid, bright, smart, witty

French edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Middle French vif, from Old French vif, from Latin vīvus (alive, living), from Proto-Italic *gʷīwos, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wós (alive).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

vif (feminine vive, masculine plural vifs, feminine plural vives)

  1. (archaic except in set phrases) alive
    Synonyms: vivant, en vie
    mort ou vifdead or alive
  2. lively, brisk
  3. vivid, bright
  4. keen, sharp
  5. (words) poignant, cutting, sharp
  6. (edges) sharp, jagged
  7. (medicine) acute, intense, strong
  8. (feelings, emotions) great, deep

Usage notes edit

  • In the sense “great, deep”, the adjective is placed before the noun, e.g. vif plaisir (“great pleasure”), vive tristesse (“deep sadness”). In all other senses it comes after the noun, e.g. vent vif (“keen wind”), musique vive (“lively music”).

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Noun edit

vif m (plural vifs)

  1. (obsolete) living person
    Synonym: vivant
  2. flesh, living flesh
    avoir les nerfs à vifto be on edge (literally, “to have raw nerves”)
    piquer au vifto cut to the quick
    entrer dans le vif du sujetto get to the heart of the matter

Further reading edit

German edit

Etymology edit

From French vif, from Middle French vif, from Old French vif, from Latin vīvus (alive, living), from Proto-Italic *gʷīwos, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wós (alive).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

vif (strong nominative masculine singular vifer, not comparable)

  1. (Austria, Bavaria, Switzerland, dated everywhere else) vivid, bright, smart, witty

Declension edit

Further reading edit

Middle French edit

Etymology edit

From Old French vif, from Latin vīvus (alive, living).

Adjective edit

vif m (feminine singular vifve, masculine plural vifs, feminine plural vifes)

  1. alive

Norman edit

Etymology edit

From Old French vif, from Latin vīvus (alive, living).

Adjective edit

vif m

  1. (Jersey) alive, quick

Derived terms edit

Old French edit

Etymology edit

From Latin vīvus (alive, living).

Adjective edit

vif m (oblique and nominative feminine singular vive)

  1. alive

Declension edit

Descendants edit

  • Middle French: vif
  • Norman: vif

Volapük edit

Noun edit

vif

  1. rapidity
  2. speed