See also: Willen

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Dutch willen, from Old Dutch willen, from Proto-West Germanic *willjan, from Proto-Germanic *wiljaną, from Proto-Indo-European *welh₁-. The variant past forms with ou go back to early Middle Dutch wolde(n), following the regular shift old, olt > oud, out.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋɪl.ə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪlən

Verb edit

willen

  1. (transitive) to want, desire
    Ik wil een ijsje.I want icecream.
    Wil je dat ik langskom?Do you want me to come by? (literally, “Do you want that I come by?”)
  2. (modal) to want to, will, be willing to
    Hij wil gaan slapen.He wants to go to sleep.
  3. (ellipsis) to want to go somewhere (cf. English want in)
    Ze wilden het huis in.They wanted to get into the house. (literally, “They wanted into the house.”)
  4. (in the past tense or conditional) to wish, would like, would (as in dated English I would that)
    Ik wou dat ik dat kon.I wish I could do that. (literally, “I would that I could that.”)

Inflection edit

Conjugation of willen (irregular)
infinitive willen
past singular wilde, wou
past participle gewild
infinitive willen
gerund willen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular wil wilde, wou
2nd person sing. (jij) wilt, wil wilde, wou
2nd person sing. (u) wilt, wil wilde, wou
2nd person sing. (gij) wilt wilde, woudt
3rd person singular wil wilde, wou
plural willen wilden, wouden
subjunctive sing.1 wille wilde, woude
subjunctive plur.1 willen wilden, wouden
imperative sing. wil
imperative plur.1 wilt
participles willend gewild
1) Archaic.
  • In the second-person singular present both jij wilt and jij wil are considered standard, the latter being more informal.
  • In the third-person singular present only hij wil is standard, but hij wilt may be heard colloquially.
  • In the past tense both wilde(n) and wou(den) are standard, the latter being more informal and perhaps somewhat regional. There is also a difference insofar as the singular wou is significantly more common than the corresponding plural wouden.

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Afrikaans: wil
  • Negerhollands: wil, wel
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: wel, well, will

References edit

German edit

Pronunciation edit

Postposition edit

willen

  1. Only used in um … willen

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • willen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • willen” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon

Middle Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Old Dutch willen, from Proto-West Germanic *willjan.

Verb edit

willen

  1. to want, to desire
  2. (auxiliary) to want to
  3. to demand, to order

Inflection edit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

Middle English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old English willan, wyllan (to want, intend, be willing), from Proto-West Germanic *willjan, from Proto-Germanic *wiljaną (to want).

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

willen (third-person singular simple present wille, present participle willynge, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle wolde)

  1. to want something, wish for something
  2. to be willing, consent, agree
  3. to intend to do something, plan something
  4. to mean, signify something
  5. to direct, give directions
  6. to require, demand, dictate
  7. to be pleased with, like
  8. (auxiliary) A modal verb with several meanings:
    1. Expresses purpose, intent: will
    2. Expresses willingness: will
    3. Expresses certainty: will
    4. Expresses habitual action: will
    5. Expresses ability, capability: will, can
    6. Expresses futurity: shall, will
    7. Expresses expectation, conjecture: will
    8. Expresses imminence, impendence: will, to be about to
    9. Expresses a suggestion, proposal: let's
    10. Expressing a modest, polite wish: would like
    11. Expresses hypotheticals: might
    12. Expresses possibility, probability: to be likely to, may
Conjugation edit
Quotations edit
Descendants edit

References edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Norse; cognate with Faroese, Icelandic villa (to stray, err).

Verb edit

willen (third-person singular simple present willeth, present participle willende, willynge, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle willed)

  1. to go astray, wander, roam

References edit

Etymology 3 edit

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

willen

  1. present indicative/subjunctive plural of willen (to want)

Old Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *willjan, from Proto-Germanic *wiljaną.

Verb edit

willen

  1. to want, to desire
  2. (auxiliary) to want to
  3. to wish

Inflection edit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

  • willen”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012