Last modified on 13 August 2014, at 02:16
See also: , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
曲-bw.png
simpl.
trad. 曲//

EtymologyEdit

Ideogram (指事) – a bent object. Earlier forms shaped more like a ‘U’.

Existed as traditional character, but also Simplified from (elimination of ) (elimination of ); also simplified form of variant .

Han characterEdit

(radical 73 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 廿田 (TW), 廿月金 (TBC), X廿田 (XTW), four-corner 55600)

  1. crooked, bent
  2. wrong, false
  3. sheet music
  4. yeast, mold (fermenting materials for beer and wine) (as simplified character for , )

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 502, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14280
  • Dae Jaweon: page 873, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1484, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+66F2

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad. 曲//

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (曲), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 燭
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 丘玉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɨok̚/ /kʰi̯wok̚/ /kʰiok̚/ /kʰiok̚/ /kʰuawk̚/ /kʰĭwok̚/ /kʰiok̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khjowk › /*kʰ(r)ok/ to bend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10578 0 /*kʰoɡ/

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana きょく, romaji kyoku)

  1. a piece of music

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gok) (hangeul , revised gok, McCune-Reischauer kok, Yale kok)

  1. bent, crooked
  2. false, wrong
  3. a piece of music

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khúc)

  1. Being bent;
  2. A bend, bent object(s), bent and/or tight places (鄉曲: small/tiny rural area/village)
  3. Being flexible. 曲為之說: apologize for other people in a fluent way.