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DanishEdit

NumeralEdit

én

  1. Alternative form of en

PronounEdit

én

  1. Alternative form of en

Usage notesEdit

Accent is optional, and reflects intonation. Compare, for example, hun har kun en kat "she only has a cat" with hun har kun én kat "she has only one cat".


HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Hungarian ɛ̄n. Usually considered to continue the Proto-Uralic first-person pronoun *minä (compare e.g. Finnish minä), but there is no consensus on how the Hungarian word has developed to its present shape. At least four proposals have been advanced:[1]

  1. irregular loss of the word-initial *m-
  2. from earlier *ɛmen, through the vocalization and loss of word-internal *-m-, as in many other cases such as ó (old)
  3. from earlier *ɛ̄mn, with the cluster *mn simplified to n
  4. from earlier *ɛ̄m, derived from the shorter Uralic root *mi, and with the irregular simplification of the root-final *-m to -n, perhaps first in the accusative engem (< ? *ɛmgɛm).

The last three options assume that the word was prefixed with *ɛ- at some point, perhaps an intensifying particle, or from the Proto-Uralic pronoun root *e- (this) (compare ez (this)).

Similarly irregular first-person pronouns occur in Mansi: ам (am) (Northern), [script needed] (äm) (Southern), and even in Chuvash: эпӗ (epĕ) from Proto-Turkic *bẹn. If these have a similar origin as the Hungarian word, they are the most compatible with the third and fourth explanations.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈeːn]
  • (file)

PronounEdit

én

  1. (personal) I (first-person singular)
    Én vagyok a képen.I am in the picture.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Note: In all these forms, én is optional and only serves for emphasis.

NounEdit

én (plural ének)

  1. (psychology) self, ego

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative én ének
accusative ént éneket
dative énnek éneknek
instrumental énnel énekkel
causal-final énért énekért
translative énné énekké
terminative énig énekig
essive-formal énként énekként
essive-modal
inessive énben énekben
superessive énen éneken
adessive énnél éneknél
illative énbe énekbe
sublative énre énekre
allative énhez énekhez
elative énből énekből
delative énről énekről
ablative éntől énektől
Possessive forms of én
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. énem énjeim
2nd person sing. éned énjeid
3rd person sing. énje énjei
1st person plural énünk énjeink
2nd person plural énetek énjeitek
3rd person plural énjük énjeik

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rédei, Károly. 1963. "Az én személyes névmás eredetéhez". Nyelvtudományi Közlemények 65, pp. 166–169.

LigurianEdit

VerbEdit

én

  1. third-person plural present indicative of êse; “[​they​] are

Norwegian BokmålEdit

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

NumeralEdit

én

  1. stressed form of en

Derived termsEdit


Old IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *ɸetnos.

NounEdit

én m (genitive éuin or éoin, nominative plural éuin or éoin)

  1. bird
InflectionEdit
Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

InterjectionEdit

én!

  1. lo!

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
én unchanged n-én
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Vietic *ʔɛːnʔ, non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese (SV: yến). Doublet of yến.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(classifier con) én ()

  1. a swallow (bird)
    Synonym: nhạn
  2. (loosely) Synonym of yến (swift) (bird)