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See also: sut, SUT, sút, sût, süt, suť, and sụt

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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *sjū́ˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *syuh₁- (to bind, to tie), whence also Latvian siet (to bind). A historical connection between the meanings “to tie, to bind” and “to sew” is also found elsewhere (cf. Sanskrit सीव्यति (sī́vyati, to sew), which has an older meaning “link, bond.”) Cognates include Lithuanian siū́ti, Old Prussian schuwikis (cobbler, lit. shoe-sewer), Old Church Slavonic шити (šiti), Russian шить (šit’), Belarusian шыць (šyc’), Ukrainian шити (šýty), Bulgarian шия (šija), Czech šíti, Polish szyć, Gothic 𐍃𐌹𐌿𐌾𐌰𐌽 (siujan), Old Norse sýja, Old High German siuwan, Sanskrit स्यूतः (syūtaḥ), Latin suō.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

šūt tr., 1st conj., pres. šuju, šuj, šuj, past šuvu

  1. to sew (to join pieces of fabric together by passing thread repeatedly on them with the help of a needle)
    šūt audekla gabalusto sew pieces of fabric
    šūt uzvalku, kažokuto sew a suit, a coat
    šūt zābakusto sew boots
    šūt pārvalkuto sew a hood
    šūt piedurknito sew a sleeve
    šūt vīlito sew the seam
    šūt ar adatuto sew with a needle
    šūt ar (šuj)mašīnuto sew with a (sewing) machine
    viņa bija kailu galvu, moderni šūtā mētelīshe was in a modern(ly) sewn coat without a hood
    māte to šuva atkal un atkal, un tā ira atkal un atkalmother sewed it (= coat) again and again, and it unraveled again and again
  2. (medicine) to sew (to close (e.g., a wound) or to link organs, tissues, etc., with a special threadlike material)
    mūsu mikroķirurģijas centros gandrīz vai ik dienas veic vairāk vai mazāk sarežģītas operācijas, šuj asinsvadus un nervusalmost every day, in our microsurgery centers, more or less complicated operations are carried out, blood vessels and nerves are sewn
  3. (metallurgy) to (seam-)weld (to join, e.g. metal sheets, parts, etc., with special techniques that create a connecting edge between the joined elements)
    šūt skārda loksnesto weld tin sheets
    Ebars metināja, šuva garu šuvi... šodien vajadzētu savienot vismaz sešās vietās šo četrcollīgo cauruliEbars was welding, welding a long seam... today it would be necessary to connect this 4-inch pipe in at least six places

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “šūt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7