See also: روح, روج, and روچ

Arabic

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Etymology 1

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From Aramaic זוגא (zawgā, yoke, pair), from Ancient Greek ζεῦγος (zeûgos, yoke) which was used in Greek for the yoke of marriage – now it forms a root ز و ج (z-w-j).

Root
ز و ج (z w j)
11 terms

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /zawd͡ʒ/
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

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زَوْج (zawjm (dual زَوْجَان (zawjān), plural أَزْوَاج (ʔazwāj))

  1. one of a pair
  2. spouse, mate, partner
    1. husband
      Synonym: بَعْل (baʕl)
      • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 58:1:
        قَدْ سَمِعَ ٱللَّٰهُ قَوْلَ ٱلَّتِي تُجَادِلُكَ فِي زَوْجِهَا وَتَشْتَكِي إِلَى ٱللَّٰهِ وَٱللَّٰهُ يَسْمَعُ تَحَاوُرَكُمَا إِنَّ ٱللَّٰهَ سَمِيعٌ بَصِيرٌ
        qad samiʕa llāhu qawla llatī tujādiluka fī zawjihā wataštakī ʔilā llāhi wal-lāhu yasmaʕu taḥāwurakumā ʔinna llāha samīʕun baṣīrun
        God has certainly heard the speech of her who pleads with you about her husband and complains to God. God hears the conversation between the two of you.
    2. (feminine) wife
      • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 20:117:
        فَقُلْنَا يَا آدَمُ إِنَّ هَٰذَا عَدُوٌّ لَّكَ وَلِزَوْجِكَ فَلَا يُخْرِجَنَّكُمَا مِنَ ٱلْجَنَّةِ فَتَشْقَىٰ
        faqulnā yā ʔādamu ʔinna hāḏā ʕaduwwun llaka walizawjika falā yuḵrijannakumā mina l-jannati fatašqā
        We said, “O Adam! This is indeed an enemy of yours and your mate’s. So do not let him expel you from paradise, or you will be miserable.”
      Synonyms: زَوْجَة (zawja), اِمْرَأَة (imraʔa), قَرِينَة (qarīna)
  3. (often in the dual) a pair or couple
    هُمَا زَوْجَانِ
    humā zawjāni
    They two are a pair or couple.
  4. (now rare) kind, type
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 56:4-10:
      إِذَا رُجَّتِ الْأَرْضُ رَجًّا وَبُسَّتِ الْجِبَالُ بَسًّا فَكَانَتْ هَبَاءً مُّنْبَثًّا وَكُنتُمْ أَزْوَاجًا ثَلَاثَةً فَأَصْحَابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ مَا أَصْحَابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ وَأَصْحَابُ الْمَشْأَمَةِ مَا أَصْحَابُ الْمَشْأَمَةِ وَالسَّابِقُونَ السَّابِقُونَ
      When the earth is shaken with convulsion / And the mountains are crushed, crumbling / And become dust dispersing / And ye become of three kinds: Then the companions of the right – what are the companions of the right? And the companions of the left – what are the companions of the left? And the forerunners, the forerunners!
Declension
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Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • Moroccan Arabic: جوج (jūj), زوج (zūj)
  • Maltese: żewġ
  • Azerbaijani: zövc
  • Bengali: জওজ (zôuj)
  • Ottoman Turkish: زوج (zevc)
  • Persian: زوج (zowj)
  • Uzbek: zavj

Etymology 2

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Denominal verb derived from زَوْج (zawj, pair).

Pronunciation

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Verb

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زَوَّجَ (zawwaja) II, non-past يُزَوِّجُ‎ (yuzawwiju)

  1. (ditransitive) to marry off, to give in marriage
  2. to pair, to couple, to join in pairs
  3. to double, to geminate
Conjugation
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References

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Hijazi Arabic

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Root
ز و ج
2 terms

Etymology 1

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From Arabic زَوْج (zawj).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /zoːd͡ʒ/, [zo̞ːd͡ʒ], [zo̞ːʒ]

Noun

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زوج (zōjm (plural أزواج (ʔazwāj))

  1. husband
    Synonym: (rare) جوز (jōz)

Etymology 2

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From Arabic زَوَّجَ (zawwaja).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /zaw.wad͡ʒ/, [zaw.wad͡ʒ], [zaw.waʒ]

Verb

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زَوَّج (zawwaj) II (non-past يِزَوِّج (yizawwij))

  1. (ditransitive) to marry off, to give in marriage
    Synonym: (rare) جَوَّز (jawwaz)
Conjugation
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    Conjugation of زوج (zawwaj)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m زوجت (zawwajt) زوجت (zawwajt) زوج (zawwaj) زوجنا (zawwajna) زوجتوا (zawwajtu) زوجوا (zawwaju)
f زوجتي (zawwajti) زوجت (zawwajat)
non-past m أزوج (ʔazawwij) تزوج (tizawwij) يزوج (yizawwij) نزوج (nizawwij) تزوجوا (tizawwiju) يزوجوا (yizawwiju)
f تزوجي (tizawwiji) تزوج (tizawwij)
imperative m زوج (zawwij) زوجوا (zawwiju)
f زوجي (zawwiji)

Ottoman Turkish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Arabic زَوْج (zawj, one of a pair).

Noun

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زوج (zevc) (plural ازواج (ezvac))

  1. (originally) mate, one of a pair, a single thing of a couple
    Synonyms: اش (), چفت (çift)
  2. spouse, a person in a marriage or marital relationship
    Synonyms: اش (), عرس (ʼırs)
  3. pair, couple, a set of two similar things taken together
    Synonym: چفت (çift)
  4. couple, two partners in a romantic or sexual relationship
    Synonym: چفت (çift)
  5. (mathematics) even number, an integer that is divisible by two

Descendants

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Further reading

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Persian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Arabic زَوْج (zawj). Doublet of یوغ (joğ, juğ, yoke), also related to جُفت (joft).

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? zawj
Dari reading? zawj
Iranian reading? zowj
Tajik reading? zavj

Noun

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Dari زَوج
Iranian Persian زُوج
Tajik завҷ

زُوج (zowj)

  1. couple, pair
    Synonym: جُفت (joft)
  2. spouse, mate, partner
    Synonym: هَمسَر (hamsar)
  3. even number
    Antonym: فَرد (fard)
  4. (of days of the week) of which the Persian-language name begins with an even number
    Antonym: فَرد (fard)
    Hyponyms: شَنبه (šanbe, Saturday), دوشَنبه (došanbe, Monday), چَهارشَنبه (čahâršambe, Wednesday)

South Levantine Arabic

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Root
ز و ج
2 terms

Etymology 1

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From Arabic زَوَّجَ (zawwaja).

Pronunciation

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Verb

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زوّج (zawwaj) II (present بزوّج (bizawwej))

  1. (transitive) to marry
    Synonym: أهّل (ʔahhal)
Conjugation
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    Conjugation of زوّج (zawwaj)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m زوّجت (zawwajt) زوّجت (zawwajt) زوّج (zawwaj) زوّجنا (zawwajna) زوّجتو (zawwajtu) زوّجو (zawwaju)
f زوّجتي (zawwajti) زوّجت (zawwajat)
present m بزوّج (bazawwej) بتزوّج (bitzawwej) بزوّج (bizawwej) منزوّج (minzawwej) بتزوّجو (bitzawwju) بزوّجو (bizawwju)
f بتزوّجي (bitzawwji) بتزوّج (bitzawwej)
subjunctive m ازوّج (azawwej) تزوّج (tzawwej) يزوّج (yzawwej) نزوّج (nzawwej) تزوّجو (tzawwju) يزوّجو (yzawwju)
f تزوّجي (tzawwji) تزوّج (tzawwej)
imperative m زوّج (zawwej) زوّجو (zawwju)
f زوّجي (zawwji)

Etymology 2

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Learned borrowing from Arabic زَوْج (zawj).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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زوج (zōjm (plural أزواج (ʔazwāj), feminine زوجة (zōje))

  1. couple
  2. husband
    Synonym: جوز (jōz)