See also: روح‎, روج, and روچ

ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Aramaic זוגא(zawgā, yoke, pair), from Ancient Greek ζεῦγος (zeûgos, yoke) which was used in Greek for the yoke of marriage – now it forms a root ز و ج(z-w-j).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /zawd͡ʒ/
  • (file)

NounEdit

زَوْج (zawjm (plural أَزْوَاج(ʾazwāj))

  1. one of a pair
  2. spouse, mate, partner
    1. husband
      Synonym: بَعْل(baʿl)
      • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 58:1:
        قَدْ سَمِعَ ٱللَّٰهُ قَوْلَ ٱلَّتِي تُجَادِلُكَ فِي زَوْجِهَا وَتَشْتَكِي إِلَى ٱللَّٰهِ وَٱللَّٰهُ يَسْمَعُ تَحَاوُرَكُمَا إِنَّ ٱللَّٰهَ سَمِيعٌ بَصِيرٌ
        qad samiʿa llāhu qawla llatī tujādiluka fī zawjihā wataštakī ʾilā llāhi wal-lāhu yasmaʿu taḥāwurakumā ʾinna llāha samīʿun baṣīrun
        God has certainly heard the speech of her who pleads with you about her husband and complains to God. God hears the conversation between the two of you.
    2. (feminine) wife
      • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 20:117:
        فَقُلْنَا يَا آدَمُ إِنَّ هَٰذَا عَدُوٌّ لَّكَ وَلِزَوْجِكَ فَلَا يُخْرِجَنَّكُمَا مِنَ ٱلْجَنَّةِ فَتَشْقَىٰ
        faqulnā yā ʾādamu ʾinna hāḏā ʿaduwwun llaka walizawjika falā yuḵrijannakumā mina l-jannati fatašqā
        We said, “O Adam! This is indeed an enemy of yours and your mate’s. So do not let him expel you from paradise, or you will be miserable.”
      Synonyms: زَوْجَة(zawja), اِمْرَأَة(imraʾa), قَرِينَة(qarīna)
  3. (often in the dual) a pair or couple
    هُمَا زَوْجَانِ‎‎
    humā zawjāni
    They two are a pair or couple.
  4. (now rare) kind, type
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 56:4-10:
      إِذَا رُجَّتِ الْأَرْضُ رَجًّا وَبُسَّتِ الْجِبَالُ بَسًّا فَكَانَتْ هَبَاءً مُّنْبَثًّا وَكُنتُمْ أَزْوَاجًا ثَلَاثَةً فَأَصْحَابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ مَا أَصْحَابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ وَأَصْحَابُ الْمَشْأَمَةِ مَا أَصْحَابُ الْمَشْأَمَةِ وَالسَّابِقُونَ السَّابِقُونَ
      When the earth is shaken with convulsion / And the mountains are crushed, crumbling / And become dust dispersing / And ye become of three kinds: Then the companions of the right – what are the companions of the right? And the companions of the left – what are the companions of the left? And the forerunners, the forerunners!
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Maltese: żewġ
  • Azerbaijani: zövc
  • Ottoman Turkish: زوج(zevc)
  • Persian: زوج(zowj)
  • Uzbek: zavj

Etymology 2Edit

Denominal verb derived from زَوْج(zawj, pair).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

زَوَّجَ (zawwaja) II, non-past يُزَوِّجُ‎‎ (yuzawwiju)

  1. (ditransitive) to marry off, to give in marriage
  2. to pair, to couple, to join in pairs
  3. to double, to geminate
ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit


PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic زَوْج(zawj). Doublet of یوغ(joğ, juğ, yoke), also related to جُفت‎(joft).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Dari زوج
Iranian Persian
Tajik завҷ (zavj)

زوج (zowj)

  1. couple, pair
    Synonym: جُفت(joft)
  2. spouse, mate, partner
    Synonym: هَمسَر(hamsar)
  3. even number
    Antonym: فَرد(fard)
  4. (of days of the week) of which the Persian-language name begins with an even number
    Hyponyms: شَنبه(šanbe, Saturday), دوشَنبه(došanbe, Monday), چَهارشَنبه(čahâršambe, Wednesday)
    Antonym: فَرد(fard)

South Levantine ArabicEdit

Root
ز و ج

Etymology 1Edit

From Arabic زَوَّجَ(zawwaja).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /zaw.waʒ/, [ˈzaw.waʒ]
  • (file)

VerbEdit

زوّج (zawwaj) (form II, present بزوّج(bizawwej))

  1. (transitive) to marry
    Synonym: أهّل(ʔahhal)
ConjugationEdit
    Conjugation of زوّج (zawwaj)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m زوّجت (zawwajt) زوّجت (zawwajt) زوّج (zawwaj) زوّجنا (zawwajna) زوّجتو (zawwajtu) زوّجو (zawwaju)
f زوّجتي (zawwajti) زوّجت (zawwajat)
present m بزوّج (bazawwej) بتزوّج (bitzawwej) بزوّج (bizawwej) منزوّج (minzawwej) بتزوّجو (bitzawwju) بزوّجو (bizawwju)
f بتزوّجي (bitzawwji) بتزوّج (bitzawwej)
subjunctive m ازوّج (azawwej) تزوّج (tzawwej) يزوّج (yzawwej) نزوّج (nzawwej) تزوّجو (tzawwju) يزوّجو (yzawwju)
f تزوّجي (tzawwji) تزوّج (tzawwej)
imperative m زوّج (zawwej) زوّجو (zawwju)
f زوّجي (zawwji)

Etymology 2Edit

Learned borrowing from Arabic زَوْج(zawj).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /zoːʒ/, [zoːʒ]
  • (file)

NounEdit

زوج (zōjm (plural أزواج(ʔazwāj), feminine زوجة(zōje))

  1. couple
  2. husband
    Synonym: جوز(jōz)