See also: روج, روچ, and زوج

Arabic

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Root
ر و ح (r-w-ḥ)

Etymology 1

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Etymologically related to Arabic: ريح (rīḥ, wind). From Proto-West Semitic *rūḥ-. Cognate with Hebrew רוּחַ (rúakh).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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رُوح (rūḥm or f (plural أَرْوَاح (ʔarwāḥ))

  1. spirit (all senses), ghost
  2. soul, essence, core or essential aspect required for being
  3. life; spark of life, breath of life
  4. breath, movement of air
  5. motivation, energy, inspiration; the means to be animate or living
  6. gun barrel
Declension
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Derived terms
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Descendants
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References

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  • Wehr, Hans (1979) “روح”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Etymology 2

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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رَوْح (rawḥm

  1. refreshment
Declension
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Ottoman Turkish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Arabic رُوح (rūḥ, soul, spirit).

Noun

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روح (ruh) (plural ارواح)

  1. soul, the spirit of a person that lives on after one's death
    Synonyms: اوز (öz), تن (tin), جان (can), زات (zat), نفس (nefes)
  2. soul, core, pith, kernel, marrow, essence of a thing
    Synonyms: اوز (öz), لب (lubb), مغز (mağz)
  3. vitality, vivacity, liveliness, animation, energy
  4. name of a certain angel or class of angels

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Further reading

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Persian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Arabic رُوح (rūḥ).

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? rūh
Dari reading? rūh
Iranian reading? ruh
Tajik reading? rüh

Noun

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Dari روح
Iranian Persian
Tajik рӯҳ

روح (ruh) (plural ارواح (arvâh) or روح‌ها (ruh-hâ))

  1. spirit
  2. soul
  3. essence
  4. ghost

Synonyms

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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Punjabi

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Western Panjabi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pnb

Borrowed from Classical Persian رُوح (rūh), from Arabic رُوح (rūḥ).

Noun

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رُوح (rūḥf (Gurmukhi spelling ਰੂਹ)

  1. soul; spirit
  2. mind (ie. heart)
  3. (figuratively) intention
  4. (poetic) lover; beloved
Declension
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Declension of روح
dir. sg. رُوح (rūḥ)
dir. pl. رُوحاں (rūḥāṉ)
singular plural
direct رُوح (rūḥ) رُوحاں (rūḥāṉ)
oblique رُوح (rūḥ) رُوحاں (rūḥāṉ)
vocative رُوحے (rūḥe) رُوحو (rūḥo)
ablative رُوحوں (rūḥoṉ)
locative رُوحے (rūḥe) رُوحِیں (rūḥīṉ)
instrumental رُوحے (rūḥe) رُوحِیں (rūḥīṉ)

Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Urdu رَوح (rauh), from Classical Persian رَوح (rawh), ultimately from Arabic رَوْح (rawḥ).

Noun

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رُوح (rūḥm (Gurmukhi spelling ਰੂਹ)

  1. essence; extract
Declension
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Declension of روح
dir. sg. رُوح (rūḥ)
dir. pl. رُوح (rūḥ)
singular plural
direct رُوح (rūḥ) رُوح (rūḥ)
oblique رُوح (rūḥ) رُوحاں (rūḥāṉ)
vocative رُوحا (rūḥā) رُوحو (rūḥo)
ablative رُوحوں (rūḥoṉ)
locative رُوحے (rūḥe) رُوحِیں (rūḥīṉ)
instrumental رُوحے (rūḥe) رُوحِیں (rūḥīṉ)

Further reading

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  • Iqbal, Salah ud-Din (2002) “رُوح”, in vaḍḍī panjābī lughat‎ (in Punjabi), Lahore: ʻAzīz Pablisharz
  • ਰੂਹ”, in Punjabi-English Dictionary, Patiala: Punjabi University, 2024

South Levantine Arabic

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Root
ر و ح
16 terms

Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /raw.waħ/, [ˈraw.wɑħ]
  • Audio (al-Lidd):(file)

Verb

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روّح (rawwaḥ) II (present بروّح (birawweḥ), active participle مروّح (mrawweḥ))

  1. to return, to go home
    شو رايك السبت تروّح معنا ع حيفا وتضلّك أسبوع؟
    šū rāyak is-sabt trawweḥ maʕna ʕa ḥēfa w-tḍallak ʔusbūʕ
    What do you say on Saturday you come back with us to Haifa and stay for a week?
Conjugation
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    Conjugation of روّح (rawwaḥ)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m روّحت (rawwaḥt) روّحت (rawwaḥt) روّح (rawwaḥ) روّحنا (rawwaḥna) روّحتو (rawwaḥtu) روّحو (rawwaḥu)
f روّحتي (rawwaḥti) روّحت (rawwaḥat)
present m بروّح (barawweḥ) بتروّح (bitrawweḥ) بروّح (birawweḥ) منروّح (minrawweḥ) بتروّحو (bitrawwḥu) بروّحو (birawwḥu)
f بتروّحي (bitrawwḥi) بتروّح (bitrawweḥ)
subjunctive m اروّح (arawweḥ) تروّح (trawweḥ) يروّح (yrawweḥ) نروّح (nrawweḥ) تروّحو (trawwḥu) يروّحو (yrawwḥu)
f تروّحي (trawwḥi) تروّح (trawweḥ)
imperative m روّح (rawweḥ) روّحو (rawwḥu)
f روّحي (rawwḥi)
See also
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  • رجع (rijiʕ, to return), عاد (ʕād, to return)

Etymology 2

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From Arabic رُوح (rūḥ).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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روح (rōḥf (plural أرواح (ʔarwāḥ))

  1. spirit, soul
Derived terms
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Urdu

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Urdu Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ur

Etymology

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Borrowed from Classical Persian روح (rūḥ), from Arabic رُوح (rūḥ, spirit).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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رُوح (rūhf (formal plural اَرْوَاح (arvāh), Hindi spelling रूह)

  1. soul, spirit
    Synonym: آتما (ātma)
  2. essence, quintessence

Declension

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Declension of روح
singular plural
direct رُوح (rūḥ) رُوحیں (rūḥẽ)
oblique رُوح (rūḥ) رُوحوں (rūḥõ)
vocative رُوح (rūḥ) رُوحو (rūḥo)

Further reading

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  • روح”, in اُردُو لُغَت (urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • روح”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت (rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971) “روح”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co.
  • Platts, John Thompson (1884) “روح”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & Co., →ISBN, →OCLC
  • S. W. Fallon (1879) “روح”, in A New Hindustani-English Dictionary, Banaras, London: Trubner and Co.
  • John Shakespear (1834) “روح”, in A dictionary, Hindustani and English: with a copious index, fitting the work to serve, also, as a dictionary of English and Hindustani, 3rd edition, London: J.L. Cox and Son, →OCLC