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JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of うん – see the following entries.
2
[affix]cloud
[affix](figuratively) high
[affix](historical) Short for 出雲国 (Izumo no kuni, Izumo Province).
[proper noun]a female given name
[proper noun]a surname​.
3
[noun]luck, fortune
[affix]move
[affix]carry; transport
[affix]put to work; operate
[affix]luck; fate
J
[affix]say
H
[noun]halo (atmospheric phenomenon)
[affix]halo (atmospheric phenomenon)
[affix]dizzy; giddy
H
[affix]pile up; gather; accumulate
[affix]depths; bottom; interior
[affix](Buddhism) skandha (aggregate)
[noun]abundance, plentifulness
[noun](Buddhism) a skandha (aggregate)
H
[noun](Buddhism) the Sanskrit syllable hūṃ
(This term, うん, is the hiragana spelling of several Sino-Japanese terms.)
For a list of all kanji with on'yomi うん, not just those used in Sino-Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji with on reading うん.

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [m˦˨]
    • Usually pronounced with the mouth closed.

InterjectionEdit

うん (rōmaji un)

  1. (informal) yeah, uh-huh, mhm (an interjection expressing agreement)
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Onomatopoeia of the grunting noise made when straining oneself in effort.[2]

The prefix usage appears in the Kanto region during the Edo period.[2]

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

うん (rōmaji un)

  1. strainingly, with a grunt
  2. sufferingly, groaningly
Usage notesEdit

Takes the adverbial particle (to)

PrefixEdit

うん (rōmaji un-)

  1. (archaic) added to various verbs to indicate forceful or excessive action
    うん ()
    unnomu
    to drink with gusto

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan