Japanese edit

Etymology 1 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of うん – see the following entries.
[affix] cloud
[affix] (figuratively) high, tall, far-off, or distant
[affix] (historical) Short for 出雲 (Izumo-no-kuni): Izumo Province
[noun] (rare) a mochi rice cake
[proper noun] a female given name
[proper noun] a surname
[noun] luck, fortune
[affix] move
[affix] carry; transport
[affix] put to work; operate
[affix] luck; fate
[affix] say
[noun] halo (atmospheric phenomenon)
[affix] halo (atmospheric phenomenon)
[affix] dizzy; giddy
[affix] pile up; gather; accumulate
[affix] depths; bottom; interior
[affix] (Buddhism) skandha (aggregate)
[noun] abundance, plentifulness
[noun] (Buddhism) a skandha (aggregate)
[noun] (Buddhism) the Sanskrit syllable hūṃ
(This term, うん, is the hiragana spelling of the above terms.)
For a list of all kanji read as うん, see Category:Japanese kanji read as うん.)

Etymology 2 edit

Compare Korean (eung, yeah, yes).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /m̩/, [m̩˦˨]
    • Usually pronounced with the mouth closed.

Interjection edit

うん (un

  1. (informal) yeah, uh-huh, mhm (an interjection expressing agreement)
Synonyms edit
Antonyms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Onomatopoeia of the grunting noise made when straining oneself in effort.[2]

The prefix usage appears in the Kanto region during the Edo period.[2]

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

うん (un

  1. strainingly, with a grunt
  2. sufferingly, groaningly
Usage notes edit

Takes the adverbial particle (to)

Prefix edit

うん (un-

  1. (archaic) added to various verbs to indicate forceful or excessive action
    to drink with gusto

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN