See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
云-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Small seal script
云-oracle.svg 云-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形), originally a stylized picture of clouds. The character was subsequently borrowed for a homophone meaning "say" and the original meaning came to be represented by through the addition of a semantic ("rain") component.

The simplified form adopted by the People's Republic of China in the 1950s eliminates this later addition and uses 云 for both "say" and "cloud".

Han characterEdit

(radical 7 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一一戈 (MMI), four-corner 10731, composition)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 86, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 254
  • Dae Jaweon: page 178, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 384, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4E91

ChineseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see ("clouds").
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (35)
Final: (59)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yún
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦɨun/ /ɦiun/ /ɣiuən/ /ɦun/ /ɣiuən/ /ɣĭuən/ /i̯uən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yún ‹ hjun › /*[ɢ]ʷə[r]/ say

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16363 2 /*ɢun/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (classical) to say; to speak (used when quoting from a source)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(un) (hangeul , revised un, McCune-Reischauer un)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit

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