See also:
U+4E91, 云
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E91

[U+4E90]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E92]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 7, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一一戈 (MMI), four-corner 10731, composition or 𠫔)

Derived characters edit

Related characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 86, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 254
  • Dae Jaweon: page 178, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 384, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4E91

Chinese edit

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Small seal script
   


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形): a stylized picture of clouds. The derivative now refers to the original word.

Jiajie (假借) - The character was subsequently borrowed for a near-homophone meaning "to say", and the original meaning came to be represented by (OC *ɢun), through the addition of a semantic component (“rain”).

The simplified form adopted by the People's Republic of China in the 1950s eliminates this later addition and uses for both "to say" and "cloud".

Etymology 1 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“cloud; cloud; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant form of ).
Notes:

Etymology 2 edit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Perhaps cognate to (OC *ɢuds) (Wang Li, 1982).

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter hjun
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiun/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦun/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuən/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yún
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
wan4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yún
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷə[r]/
English say

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16363
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢun/

Definitions edit

  1. (literary) to say; to speak (used when quoting from a source)
  2. A particle.
  3. a surname:
    1. originated from (yún)
    2. originated from Zhou dynasty feudal state of
    3. originated from surname 牒云
    4. simplified from
  4. (Quanzhou, Xiamen and Philippines Hokkien) to go on a pleasure trip; to roam around
  5. (~母) (Chinese linguistics) the Middle Chinese initial of (MC hjun), equivalent to the 3rd (děng) of the initial (MC yuH)
Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. say

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
うん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC hjun).

Pronunciation edit

Affix edit

(うん) (un

  1. say

Derived terms edit

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eum (un))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Việt readings: vân ((vu)(phân)(thiết))[1][2][3][4]
: Nôm readings: vân[1][2][5]

  1. chữ Hán form of vân (to say; to speak).

References edit