See also:
U+4E91, 云
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E91

[U+4E90]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E92]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 7, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一一戈 (MMI), four-corner 10731, composition or ⿱𠫔)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 86, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 254
  • Dae Jaweon: page 178, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 384, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4E91

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Small seal script
   


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形): a stylized picture of clouds. The derivative refers to the original word.

Jiajie (假借) - The character was subsequently borrowed for a near-homophone meaning "to say", and the original meaning came to be represented by (OC *ɢun), through the addition of a semantic component (“rain”).

The simplified form adopted by the People's Republic of China in the 1950s eliminates this later addition and uses for both "to say" and "cloud".

Etymology 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“cloud; cloud; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiun/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦun/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuən/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yún
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yún
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷə[r]/
English say

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16363
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢun/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary) to say; to speak (used when quoting from a source)
  2. A particle.
  3. A surname​.
SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. say

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
うん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɨun).

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(うん) (un

  1. say

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (un))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: vân ((vu)(phân)(thiết))[1][2][3][4]
: Nôm readings: vân[1][2][5]

  1. Hán tự form of vân (to say; to speak).

ReferencesEdit