U+96F2, 雲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96F2

[U+96F1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96F3]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 173 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一月一一戈 (MBMMI), four-corner 10731, composition)

  1. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №423

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1372, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42235
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1879, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4058, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+96F2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɢuːn
*ɢuːn, *ɢun
*ɢuːn, *ɢuns
*ɢun
*ŋunʔ
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢunʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢun): semantic (rain) + phonetic (OC *ɢun). Radical added to to distinguish from the borrowed sense of “to speak”.

EtymologyEdit

Very few outside cognates exist. Starostin compares it with Mizo vân(sky, the skies, heaven) and Karbi inghun(cloud).

Alternatively, this is a derivation from a root meaning “to revolve”. Compare (OC *ɢuns, “to move”), (OC *ɡuːl, “to whirl, to circle”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hûn - vernacular;
  • ûn/în - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yn³⁵/
Harbin /yn²⁴/
Tianjin /yn⁴⁵/
Jinan /yẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /yə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /yn⁴²/
Xi'an /yẽ²⁴/
Xining /yə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /yŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ỹn⁵³/
Ürümqi /yŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /yn²¹³/
Chengdu /yn³¹/
Guiyang /in²¹/
Kunming /ĩ³¹/
Nanjing /yn²⁴/
Hefei /yn⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /yŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ỹŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦyŋ²³/
/ɦioŋ²³/
Suzhou /ɦyən¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦyn²¹³/
Wenzhou /joŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /yʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /yan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /yn¹³/
Xiangtan /yn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /yn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iun¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒuŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐn²¹/
Nanning /wɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /wɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /un³⁵/
/hun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /œyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zun³¹/
/hun³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiun/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦun/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuən/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yún
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yún
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷə[n]/
English cloud

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16358
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢun/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. cloud   (Classifier: m; c)
  2. (computing) cloud
  3. (figuratively) many; numerous
  4. Short for 雲南云南 (Yúnnán, “Yunnan”).
  5. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. cloud

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
くも
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana くも, romaji kumo)

  1. cloud

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(un) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

MulamEdit

NounEdit

‎(kwa3)

  1. cloud

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana くむ, romaji kumu)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana くむ, romaji kumu)

  1. cloud

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vân, nguyên)

  1. Cloud

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana んむ, romaji nmu, mmu)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana んむ, romaji nmu, mmu)

  1. cloud