See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 173 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一月一一戈 (MBMMI), four-corner 10731, composition)

  1. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №423

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1372, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42235
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1879, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4058, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+96F2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢun): semantic  ‎(rain) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ɢun). Radical added to to distinguish from the borrowed sense of “to speak”.

EtymologyEdit

Very few outside cognates exist. Starostin compares it with Mizo vân ‎(sky, the skies, heaven) and Karbi inghun ‎(cloud).

Alternatively, this is a derivation from a root meaning “to revolve”. Compare (OC *ɢuns, “to move”), (OC *ɡuːl, “to whirl, to circle”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yn³⁵/
Harbin /yn²⁴/
Tianjin /yn⁴⁵/
Jinan /yẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /yə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /yn⁴²/
Xi'an /yẽ²⁴/
Xining /yə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /yŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ỹn⁵³/
Ürümqi /yŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /yn²¹³/
Chengdu /yn³¹/
Guiyang /in²¹/
Kunming /ĩ³¹/
Nanjing /yn²⁴/
Hefei /yn⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /yŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ỹŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦyŋ²³/
/ɦioŋ²³/
Suzhou /ɦyən¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦyn²¹³/
Wenzhou /joŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /yʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /yan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /yn¹³/
Xiangtan /yn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /yn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iun¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒuŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐn²¹/
Nanning /wɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /wɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /un³⁵/
/hun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /œyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zun³¹/
/hun³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiun/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦun/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuən/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yún
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yún
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷə[n]/
English cloud

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16358
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢun/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. cloud   (Classifier: m; c)
  2. (computing) cloud
  3. (figuratively) many; numerous
  4. Short for 雲南云南 (Yúnnán, “Yunnan”).
  5. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. cloud

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
くも
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana くも, romaji kumo)

  1. cloud

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(un) (hangeul )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

MulamEdit

NounEdit

‎(kwa3)

  1. cloud

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana くむ, romaji kumu)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana くむ, romaji kumu)

  1. cloud

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vân, nguyên)

  1. Cloud

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana んむ, romaji nmu, mmu)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana んむ, romaji nmu, mmu)

  1. cloud
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