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See also:
U+96F2, 雲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96F2

[U+96F1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96F3]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 173, +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一月一一戈 (MBMMI), four-corner 10731, composition)

  1. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №423

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1372, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42235
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1879, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4058, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+96F2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɢuːn
*ɢuːn, *ɢun
*ɢuːn, *ɢuns
*ɢun
*ŋunʔ
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢun
*ɢunʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢun): semantic  (rain) + phonetic  (OC *ɢun). Radical added to to distinguish from the borrowed sense of “to speak”.

EtymologyEdit

Very few outside cognates exist. Starostin compares it with Mizo vân (sky, the skies, heaven) and Karbi inghun (cloud).

Alternatively, this is a derivation from a root meaning “to revolve”. Compare (OC *ɢuns, “to move”), (OC *ɡuːl, “to whirl, to circle”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hûn - vernacular;
  • ûn/în - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /yn³⁵/
    Harbin /yn²⁴/
    Tianjin /yn⁴⁵/
    Jinan /yẽ⁴²/
    Qingdao /yə̃⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /yn⁴²/
    Xi'an /yẽ²⁴/
    Xining /yə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /yŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ỹn⁵³/
    Ürümqi /yŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /yn²¹³/
    Chengdu /yn³¹/
    Guiyang /in²¹/
    Kunming /ĩ³¹/
    Nanjing /yn²⁴/
    Hefei /yn⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /yəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /yŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /ỹŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦyŋ²³/
    /ɦioŋ²³/
    Suzhou /ɦyən¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦyn²¹³/
    Wenzhou /joŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /yʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /yan⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /yn¹³/
    Xiangtan /yn¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /yn⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /iun¹¹/
    Taoyuan /ʒuŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐn²¹/
    Nanning /wɐn²¹/
    Hong Kong /wɐn²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /un³⁵/
    /hun³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /œyŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zun³¹/
    /hun³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (59)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɨun/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦiun/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣiuən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦun/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣiuən/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭuən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯uən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yún
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yún
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjun ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷə[n]/
    English cloud

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16358
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢun/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. cloud (Classifier: m; 𫩥 c)
    2. (computing) cloud
    3. (figuratively) many; numerous
    4. Short for 雲南云南 (Yúnnán, “Yunnan”).
    5. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of (“cloud”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing 雲彩
    Taiwan
    Harbin 雲彩
    Hailar
    Ulan Hot
    Tongliao
    Chifeng
    Bayanhot 雲彩
    Jinan 雲彩
    Muping 雲彩
    Luoyang 雲彩
    Jiedian
    Xi'an
    Qingdao 雲彩
    Xining
    Xuzhou
    Yinchuan 雲子
    Lanzhou 雲彩
    Ürümqi 雲彩
    Wuhan 雲頭
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Guilin
    Liuzhou
    Yangzhou
    Nanjing 雲彩
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Shunde
    Zhongshan
    Dongguan 雲彩
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Taishan
    Doumen
    Kaiping
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin
    Hepu
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian
    Luchuan
    Yudu
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Sabah
    Senai
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan 雲彩
    Xinzhou 雲彩
    Baochang 雲彩
    Jining 雲彩
    Hohhot 雲彩
    Baotou 雲彩
    Dongsheng 雲彩
    Linhe 雲彩
    Haibowan 雲彩
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Fuqing
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Penang
    Pingnan
    Chaozhou
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou
    Pinghua Nanning 雲朵
    Guilin 雲子
    Wu Shanghai 雲頭
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou
    Chongming
    Danyang 雲彩
    Jinhua
    Ningbo 雲頭
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Loudi
    Quanzhou

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. cloud

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
     
    (kumo): an anvil-shaped cumulus cloud
    Kanji in this term
    くも
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    ⟨kumo1 → */kumʷo//kumo/

    From Old Japanese.

    Ultimately from Proto-Japonic *kumo.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana くも, rōmaji kumo)

    1. a cloud
      Synonym: クラウド (kuraudo)
    2. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) from the shape and position of clouds, used metamorphically or in proverbs:
      1. an person or object of higher status
      2. an object that is spreading or flattening on one side
      3. an object that is bright or sunny
      4. something that is dying (from smoke during cremation)
    3. a style of 家紋 (kamon, family crest) in the design of a cloud, usually associated with major Buddhist temples
    Derived termsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana くも, rōmaji Kumo)

    1. a surname​.

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    うん
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɨun).

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana うん, rōmaji Un)

    1. a female given name
    2. a surname​.

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (un) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    MulamEdit

    NounEdit

    (kwa3)

    1. cloud

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana くむ, romaji kumu)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana くむ, romaji kumu)

    1. cloud

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (vân)

    1. cloud

    YonaguniEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana んむ, romaji nmu, mmu)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana んむ, romaji nmu, mmu)

    1. cloud