See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(rain) + phonetic , created to separate the sense of "cloud" (the original meaning of ) from a later sense of "speak" or "say" that was added to the character owing to a similarity of sound

Han characterEdit

(radical 173 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一月一一戈 (MBMMI), four-corner 10731, composition)

  1. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №423
Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1372, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42235
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1879, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4058, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+96F2

Etymology 2Edit

A contraction of 雲南 ("Yunnan"), itself a contraction of 雲岭 ("land south of the Yunling Mountains"), as popularized since the Han Dynasty via the name of the town 云南驿 ("Yunnanyi"; lit. 'The Postal Relay Station South of the Yunling Mountains').[1]

Han characterEdit

(radical 173 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一月一一戈 (MBMMI), four-corner 10731, composition)

  1. (abbreviation) Yunnan province in China

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yn³⁵/
Harbin /yn²⁴/
Tianjin /yn⁴⁵/
Jinan /yẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /yə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /yn⁴²/
Xi'an /yẽ²⁴/
Xining /yə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /yŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ỹn⁵³/
Ürümqi /yŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /yn²¹³/
Chengdu /yn³¹/
Guiyang /in²¹/
Kunming /ĩ³¹/
Nanjing /yn²⁴/
Hefei /yn⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /yŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ỹŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦyŋ¹³/
/ɦioŋ¹³/
Suzhou /ɦyən¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦyn²¹³/
Wenzhou /joŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /yʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /yan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /yn¹³/
Xiangtan /yn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /yn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iun¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒuŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐn²¹/
Nanning /wɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /wɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /un³⁵/
/hun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /œyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zun³¹/
/hun³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (35)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɨun/ /i̯uən/ /ɣiuən/ /ɦiun/ /ɦun/ /ɣĭuən/ /ɣiuən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yún ‹ hjun › /*[ɢ]ʷə[n]/ cloud

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16358 2 /*ɢun/

Etymology 1Edit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

NounEdit

(classifier (duǒ))

  1. cloud

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From 雲南云南 (Yúnnán).

Proper nounEdit

  1. Abbreviation of 雲南.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. cloud

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
くも
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Anvil shaped cumulus panorama edit.jpg

‎(hiragana くも, romaji kumo)

  1. cloud

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ See for example this report.
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(un) (hangeul , revised un, McCune-Reischauer un, Yale wun)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

MulamEdit

NounEdit

‎(kwa3)

  1. cloud

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana くむ, romaji kumu)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana くむ, romaji kumu)

  1. cloud

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vân, nguyên)

  1. Cloud

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana んむ, romaji nmu, mmu)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana んむ, romaji nmu, mmu)

  1. cloud
Read in another language