Japanese

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Alternative spellings
遣る
演る
殺る

Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "やる"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
やる [yàrú]
Imperative (命令形) やれ [yàré]
Key constructions
Passive やられる られる [yàrárérú]
Causative やらせる らせる [yàrásérú]
Potential やれる れる [yàrérú]
Volitional やろう [yàróꜜò]
Negative やらない らない [yàránáí]
Negative perfective やらなかった らなかった [yàránáꜜkàttà]
Formal やります りま [yàrímáꜜsù]
Perfective やった った [yàttá]
Conjunctive やって って [yàtté]
Hypothetical conditional やれば [yàréꜜbà]

Verb

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やる (yarutransitive godan (stem やり (yari), past やった (yatta))

  1. 遣る: (colloquial) to do
    Synonyms: する (suru), なす (nasu, classical, formal), なさる (nasaru, honorific)
    (なに)やることがあるの?
    Nanika yaru koto ga aru no?
    Do you have anything to do?
    • 2015 March 9, “Tutorial 1”, in catch.jp-wiki Emacs tutorial[1]:
      さあ、やってみましょう。コントロールキーを()しながら v(ブイ) です
      Sā, yattemimashō. Kontorōru-kī o oshinagara bui desu
      Go ahead, try to do it. Depress the Ctrl key and v together
  2. 演る: (colloquial) to act, to perform, such as in a film or musical act
    Synonym: 演じる (enjiru)
    (しゅ)(じん)(こう)やる
    shujinkō o yaru
    to perform the main character
  3. 遣る: to give (to a non-human or someone inferior)
    Synonyms: 上げる (ageru, to an equal), 差し上げる (sashiageru, to a superior)
    (はな)(みず)やる
    Hana ni mizu o yaru.
    Give the flowers some water.
  4. 遣る: to send somebody somewhere, to dispatch
    使(つか)やる
    tsukai ni yaru
    to send a person on an errand
  5. 遣る, 犯る: to have sex, to fuck, to bang (compare English do, as in "do someone" or "do it")
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:性交する
    やり()
    yarinige
    fuck and chuck”; break contact after having sex
  6. 殺る: to do someone in, to kill someone
    Synonym: 殺す (korosu)
    (しっ)()()られあの(ひと)やっちゃいました
    Shitto ni karare, ano hito o yatchaimashita.
    Driven by jealousy, he killed that person.
  7. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) to row a boat
    Synonym: 漕ぐ (kogu)
  8. (colloquial, only in the indicative) to have commendable ability
    Synonym: できる (dekiru)
    やるな、(まえ)
    Yaru na, omae.
    Good stuff, lad. / Damn, bro.

Conjugation

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Derived terms

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References

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  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN