See also:
U+9EDE, 點
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9EDE

[U+9EDD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9EDF]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 203, +5, 17 strokes, cangjie input 田火卜口 (WFYR), four-corner 61360, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1519, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2053, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4745, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+9EDE

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *teːmʔ): semantic (black) + phonetic (OC *ʔljem, *tjems) – black dots.

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • dēng - vernacular;
  • diēng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • diem2 - Chaozhou;
    • diam2 - Shantou, Jieyang, Chaoyang, Raoping, Pontianak;
    • diang2 - Chenghai.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (157)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /temX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /temX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tɛmX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tɛmX/
    Li
    Rong
    /temX/
    Wang
    Li
    /tiemX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tiemX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    diǎn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    dim2
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    diǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ temX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tˁemʔ/
    English black spot

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16721
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*teːmʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. dot; spot; speck
      地圖城鎮 [MSC, trad.]
      地图城镇 [MSC, simp.]
      Zài dìtú shàng, chéngzhèn shì yòng xiǎo hóng diǎn biāo chū de. [Pinyin]
      On the map towns were marked by a red dot.
      遠處水平線成了 [MSC, trad.]
      远处水平线成了 [MSC, simp.]
      Chuán zài yuǎnchù de shuǐpíngxiàn shàng chéngle yī ge xiǎo diǎn. [Pinyin]
      The ship became a mere dot on the horizon.
    2. place; point; spot
    3. point; aspect
      堅持 [MSC, trad.]
      坚持 [MSC, simp.]
      Tā zài zhè diǎn shàng hěn jiānchí. [Pinyin]
      He is most insistent on this point.
    4. o'clock
      See also: 點鐘
      今天6 / 今天6  ―  Wǒ jīntiān 6 diǎn qù kàn tā.  ―  I am going to see him today at six o'clock.
      現在 [MSC, trad.]
      现在 [MSC, simp.]
      Xiànzài jǐ diǎn le? Liù diǎn le. [Pinyin]
      What time is it? It's six o'clock.
    5. time
      /   ―  fàndiǎn  ―  mealtime
    6. (mathematics) point
      我們可以直線AB聯結起來 [MSC, trad.]
      我们可以直线AB联结起来 [MSC, simp.]
      Wǒmen kěyǐ yòng yī tiáo zhíxiàn bǎ diǎn A hé B liánjié qǐlái. [Pinyin]
      We can join point A to point B with a straight line.
    7. (mathematics) decimal point
      收據價格讀作」。 [MSC, trad.]
      收据价格读作”。 [MSC, simp.]
      Shōujù shàng de jiàgé dúzuò “sān diǎn èr shí sì”. [Pinyin]
      The price read "three point twenty four" on the receipt.
      十進制 / 十进制  ―  diǎnfēn shíjìnzhì  ―  dot-decimal notation (lit. dot-delimited decimal)
    8. drop
      /   ―  diǎn  ―  raindrop
    9. (Chinese calligraphy) a dot stroke ()
    10. to nominate; to mention (one's name)
      老師回答問題 [MSC, trad.]
      老师回答问题 [MSC, simp.]
      Lǎoshī diǎn nǐ huídá wèntí. [Pinyin]
      The teacher asked you to answer the question.
    11. to count
      /   ―  diǎnchāo  ―  to count banknotes
    12. to choose; to select; to order (food)
      Synonym: (jiào)
      他們食物 [MSC, trad.]
      他们食物 [MSC, simp.]
      Tāmen diǎn le yī xiē shíwù hé yī dà wǎn tāng. [Pinyin]
      They ordered some food and a big bowl of soup.
    13. to nod
      一下指明地方 [MSC, trad.]
      一下指明地方 [MSC, simp.]
      diǎn yīxià tóu, zhǐmíng le zhè ge dìfāng. [Pinyin]
      He indicated the place by a nod of his head.
    14. to point
    15. to tap; to touch
    16. to click
      See also: 點擊
    17. to light; to ignite
      /   ―  diǎnxiāng  ―  to burn incense
    18. a little; a bit; some
      [MSC, trad.]
      [MSC, simp.]
      Nǐ néng zài gěi wǒ diǎn chá ma? [Pinyin]
      Would you please give me some more tea?
      想要蛋糕 / 想要蛋糕  ―  Wǒ xiǎngyào diǎn dàngāo.  ―  I want some cake.
      蒼白 / 苍白  ―  Tā yǒu diǎn cāngbái.  ―  He's a little pale.
      今天 / 今天  ―  Jīntiān yǒu diǎn lěng.  ―  It's a little cold today.
    19. (Cantonese) to dip in (sauce)
    20. (Cantonese) to trick; to misguide
    Usage notesEdit

    (diǎn) is often used for "o'clock", following the numbered hour: e.g. "three o'clock" is 三點三点 (sāndiǎn). 點鐘点钟 (diǎnzhōng) would be used in the expression "1 o'clock" or "2 o'clock", in order to avoid confusion between 一點一点 (yīdiǎn) (meaning: "a bit") and 一點一点 (yīdiǎn) (meaning: "1 o'clock"). When spoken out, 一點一点 (yīdiǎn) (meaning: "1 o'clock") is usually pronounced yī diǎn, without the tone sandhi, while 一點一点 (yīdiǎn) (meaning: "a bit") follows the sandhi rule.

    When followed by the minutes, (diǎn) is used instead of 點鐘点钟 (diǎnzhōng) as in 十二三十. In formal writing (but not in speech), (shí) is used to denote hours, eg. 十二三十.

    SynonymsEdit
    Coordinate termsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Fusion of 底物 (MC teiX mɨut̚), literally “what thing” (Guo, 2003).

    Often related to (zam2) due to similar syllable structure.

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Cantonese) how
      番茄應該 [Cantonese, trad.]
      番茄应该 [Cantonese, simp.]
      faan1 ke4-2 jing1 goi1 dim2 zing2? [Jyutping]
      How should I prepare tomatoes?
      呢個 [Cantonese, trad.]
      呢个 [Cantonese, simp.]
      ni1 go3 dim2 syun3 hai6 co3 ne1? [Jyutping]
      How is this wrong? (lit. "How does this count as wrong?")
      筷子食飯 [Cantonese, trad.]
      筷子食饭 [Cantonese, simp.]
      keoi5 dim2 dou1 wui5 jung6 faai3 zi2 sik6 faan6. [Jyutping]
      He always insists on using (lit. "regardless of how, will use") chopsticks to eat.
      無論搞錯 [Cantonese, trad.]
      无论搞错 [Cantonese, simp.]
      keoi5 mou4 leon4 dim2 dou1 wui5 gaau2 co3 ge3. [Jyutping]
      He is guaranteed to mess it up no matter what (lit. "no matter how").
      / [Cantonese]  ―  nei5 soeng2 dim2 aa3? [Jyutping]  ―  What do you want?
      琴日蛋糕 [Cantonese, trad.]
      琴日蛋糕 [Cantonese, simp.]
      kam4 jat6 go3 daan6 gou1 zing2 sing4 dim2 aa3? [Jyutping]
      How did the cake from yesterday go?
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    • (“how [could one possibly]”)

    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC temX).

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (jeom jeom))

    1. Hanja form? of (point; dot; spot; speck).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]
    • Supreme Court of the Republic of Korea (대한민국 대법원, Daehanmin-guk daebeobwon) (2018). Table of hanja for personal names (인명용 한자표 / 人名用漢字表, inmyeong-yonghanjapyo), page 37. [2]

    VietnameseEdit

    Hán tựEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: điểm[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: chấm[2][3][4], đếm[2][3][4], chúm[4], đém[4], đêm[5], đóm[4]

    1. Hán tự form of điểm (a dot, a point, a period).
    2. Hán tự form of điểm (to identify, to choose, to nominate).
    3. Nôm form of đếm (to count, to number, to enumerate).
    4. Nôm form of chấm (to dip in, to punctuate).

    ReferencesEdit