See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(walk) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 162 +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 卜田中女 (YWLV), four-corner 36303, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1266, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39174
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1764, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3888, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+9084

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

EtymologyEdit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.
Particularly: “Is the Mandarin reading of hai2 the result of repurposing an existing character? It doesn't seem to be related ro non-Mandarin readings and the Old/Middle Chinese data.”

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuan³⁵/
Harbin /xuan²⁴/
/xai⁵³/
/xai²⁴/
Tianjin /xuan⁴⁵/ ~原
/xai⁴⁵/ ~有
Jinan /xuã⁴²/
Qingdao /xuã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xuan⁴²/
Xi'an /xuã²⁴/
Xining /xuã²⁴/
Yinchuan /xuan⁵³/ 归~
Lanzhou /xuɛ̃n⁵³/
/xɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /xuan⁵¹/
Wuhan /xuan²¹³/
Chengdu /xuan³¹/
Guiyang /xuan²¹/ 歸~
/xai²¹/ ~是
Kunming /xuã̠³¹/
Nanjing /xuaŋ²⁴/
/xae²⁴/
Hefei /xuæ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /xuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xuæ̃³¹/ ~東西
/xæ̃³¹/ ~不走
Wu Shanghai /ɦe¹³/
/ɦue¹³/
Suzhou /ɦue̞¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦuõ²¹³/
Wenzhou /va³¹/
Hui Shexian /xuɛ⁴⁴/ 歸~
/uɛ⁴⁴/ ~有
Tunxi /uːə⁴⁴/ ~要
/uɛ⁴⁴/ 歸~
Xiang Changsha /fan¹³/ ~價
/xai¹³/ 副詞
Xiangtan /ɸan¹²/
Gan Nanchang /uan⁴⁵/ 有借有~
/fan⁴⁵/ ~原
Hakka Meixian /fan¹¹/ ~原
/han¹¹/ ~有
Taoyuan /hɑn¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wan²¹/
Nanning /wan²¹/
Hong Kong /wan²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huan³⁵/
/hãi³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huaŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiŋ³³/
/uiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huaŋ⁵⁵/
/hõi⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /huaŋ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣuan/ /ɣwan/ /ɣuan/ /ɦʷɯan/ /ɦwaɨn/ /ɣwan/ /ɣuɐn/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (17)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ziuᴇn/ /zi̯wɛn/ /ziuɛn/ /zʷiɛn/ /zwian/ /zĭwɛn/ /zjuæn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huán ‹ hwæn › /*[ɢ]ʷˤ<r>en/ turn around; return
xuán ‹ zjwen › /*s-ɢʷen/ turn around, return; agile

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16230 1 /*ɡʷraːn/
16244 1 /*sɢʷan/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. still; yet
  2. even more
  3. passably

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuan³⁵/
Harbin /xuan²⁴/
/xai⁵³/
/xai²⁴/
Tianjin /xuan⁴⁵/ ~原
/xai⁴⁵/ ~有
Jinan /xuã⁴²/
Qingdao /xuã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xuan⁴²/
Xi'an /xuã²⁴/
Xining /xuã²⁴/
Yinchuan /xuan⁵³/ 归~
Lanzhou /xuɛ̃n⁵³/
/xɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /xuan⁵¹/
Wuhan /xuan²¹³/
Chengdu /xuan³¹/
Guiyang /xuan²¹/ 歸~
/xai²¹/ ~是
Kunming /xuã̠³¹/
Nanjing /xuaŋ²⁴/
/xae²⁴/
Hefei /xuæ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xuæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /xuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xuæ̃³¹/ ~東西
/xæ̃³¹/ ~不走
Wu Shanghai /ɦe¹³/
/ɦue¹³/
Suzhou /ɦue̞¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦuõ²¹³/
Wenzhou /va³¹/
Hui Shexian /xuɛ⁴⁴/ 歸~
/uɛ⁴⁴/ ~有
Tunxi /uːə⁴⁴/ ~要
/uɛ⁴⁴/ 歸~
Xiang Changsha /fan¹³/ ~價
/xai¹³/ 副詞
Xiangtan /ɸan¹²/
Gan Nanchang /uan⁴⁵/ 有借有~
/fan⁴⁵/ ~原
Hakka Meixian /fan¹¹/ ~原
/han¹¹/ ~有
Taoyuan /hɑn¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wan²¹/
Nanning /wan²¹/
Hong Kong /wan²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huan³⁵/
/hãi³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huaŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiŋ³³/
/uiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huaŋ⁵⁵/
/hõi⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /huaŋ³¹/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to return; to go (or come) back
  2. to return; to repay
  3. A surname​.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hwan, seon) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer hwan, sŏn, Yale hwan, sen)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hoàn)

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