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U+4F3A, 伺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F3A

[U+4F39]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F3B]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人尸一口 (OSMR), four-corner 27220, composition)

  1. serve, wait upon, attend
  2. examine

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 97, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 483
  • Dae Jaweon: page 205, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 139, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4F3A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
slɯ
slɯ, *slɯs
slɯ, *slɯs
slɯ, *slɯs
ljɯ
ljɯ
ljɯ
ljɯs
ljɯs
ljɯs
hljɯ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *slɯ, *slɯs): semantic  (person, man) + phonetic  (OC *slɯ) – a person stands beside (attends), looks in.

Pronunciation 1Edit


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰz̩⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/ ~候
/sz̩⁵³/ ~機
Tianjin /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Jinan /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
Qingdao /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰz̩³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰz̩⁴⁴/
Xining /sz̩⁴⁴/
/t͡sʰz̩²¹³/ ~新
Yinchuan /t͡sʰz̩¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡sʰz̩¹³/ ~候
/sz̩¹³/ 窺視
Ürümqi /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰz̩³⁵/
Chengdu /sz̩¹³/
/t͡sʰz̩¹³/
Guiyang /sz̩²¹³/
/t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Kunming /t͡sʰz̩²¹²/ ~候
/sz̩²¹²/ ~機
Nanjing /t͡sʰz̩⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰz̩⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡sʰz̩³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sʰz̩⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
Suzhou /zz̩³¹/
Hangzhou /sz̩⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /zz̩²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰz̩³²⁴/
/sz̩²²/
Tunxi /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰz̩⁵⁵/ ~候
/sz̩⁵⁵/ ~機
Xiangtan /sz̩⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁵³/
Taoyuan /sï⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡si²²/
Nanning /t͡sʰz̩³³/
Hong Kong /t͡si²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /søy²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /su³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sɯ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /si²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/2
Initial () (16) (16)
Final () (19) (19)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨH/ /sɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɨH/ /sɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/sieH/ /sie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɨH/ /sɨ/
Li
Rong
/siəH/ /siə/
Wang
Li
/sĭəH/ /sĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/siH/ /si/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/2
No. 11955 11952
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*slɯs/ /*slɯ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to spy; to examine
  2. to wait

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Zhangzhou:
    • sù - literary;
    • sū - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰz̩⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/ ~候
/sz̩⁵³/ ~機
Tianjin /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Jinan /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
Qingdao /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰz̩³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰz̩⁴⁴/
Xining /sz̩⁴⁴/
/t͡sʰz̩²¹³/ ~新
Yinchuan /t͡sʰz̩¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡sʰz̩¹³/ ~候
/sz̩¹³/ 窺視
Ürümqi /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰz̩³⁵/
Chengdu /sz̩¹³/
/t͡sʰz̩¹³/
Guiyang /sz̩²¹³/
/t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Kunming /t͡sʰz̩²¹²/ ~候
/sz̩²¹²/ ~機
Nanjing /t͡sʰz̩⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰz̩⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡sʰz̩³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sʰz̩⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
Suzhou /zz̩³¹/
Hangzhou /sz̩⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /zz̩²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰz̩³²⁴/
/sz̩²²/
Tunxi /t͡sʰz̩⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰz̩⁵⁵/ ~候
/sz̩⁵⁵/ ~機
Xiangtan /sz̩⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁵³/
Taoyuan /sï⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡si²²/
Nanning /t͡sʰz̩³³/
Hong Kong /t͡si²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /søy²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /su³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sɯ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /si²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (16)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɨH/
Li
Rong
/siəH/
Wang
Li
/sĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/siH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 11955
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*slɯs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 伺候 (cìhou).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.