U+606F, 息
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-606F

[U+606E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6070]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 61, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹山心 (HUP), four-corner 26330, composition )

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 385, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10601
  • Dae Jaweon: page 717, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2291, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+606F

Bailang edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *siŋ ~ sik (tree, wood). Compare Burmese သစ် (sac, wood, timber).

Noun edit

(*sik)

  1. wood

References edit

  • Hill, Nathan W. (2017), “Songs of the Bailang: A New Transcription with Etymological Commentary”, in Bulletin de l'École française d'Extrême-Orient[1], volume 103, pages 386—429

Chinese edit

Glyph origin edit

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意): (nose) + (heart) – to breathe (life) through one’s nose. Note that originally meant “nose” and was later borrowed for “self”.

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-sak (breath; life; to breathe). Cognate with Jingpho sa' (to breathe), Burmese အသက် (a.sak).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation edit

simp. and trad.


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Taiwan:
    • sek/siak - literary;
    • sit - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
  • (Leizhou)
    • Leizhou Pinyin: xig4
    • Sinological IPA: /ɕik̚⁵/
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕi⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ɕi²¹³/
    Tianjin /ɕi²¹/
    /ɕi⁵³/
    Jinan /ɕi²¹³/
    Qingdao /si⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /si²⁴/
    Xi'an /ɕi²¹/
    Xining /ɕji⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕi¹³/
    Lanzhou /ɕi¹³/
    Ürümqi /ɕi²¹³/
    Wuhan /ɕi²¹³/
    Chengdu /ɕi³¹/
    Guiyang /ɕi²¹/
    Kunming /ɕi³¹/
    Nanjing /siʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəʔ²/
    Pingyao /ɕiʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕiəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ɕiɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /siəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /sei²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /siʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /si⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /si²⁴/
    Xiangtan /si²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /sit̚¹/
    Taoyuan /sit̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sek̚⁵/
    Nanning /ɬek̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /sik̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sik̚³²/
    /sit̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɛiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sek̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /tek̚⁵/ 利~

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (134)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter sik
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɨk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sɨk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /siek̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sik̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /siək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯ək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xi
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    sik1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sik › ‹ sik ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sək/ /*sək/
    English breathe 安息 Ānxī (Iranian country in the western regions, W. Hàn; from Aršaka = Arsaces, founder of the Arsacid dynasty)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13332
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*slɯɡ/
    Notes

    Definitions edit

    1. to breathe; to pant
    2. to sigh; to blow
    3. to stop; to subside; to cease
    4. to put a stop to; to stop
    5. to rest; to have a rest
    6. to grow; to develop
    7. to calm down; to appease
    8. breath; life
    9. one's own children
    10. interest; dividends
    11. message; news

    Compounds edit

    Etymology 2 edit

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms Cantonese; Hakka
    Hakka

    Pronunciation edit



    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing
    Harbin
    Tianjin
    Jinan
    Qingdao
    Zhengzhou
    Xi'an
    Xining
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou
    Ürümqi
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Kunming
    Nanjing
    Hefei
    Jin Taiyuan
    Pingyao
    Hohhot
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou
    Hui Shexian
    Tunxi
    Xiang Changsha
    Xiangtan
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /set̚¹/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐk̚⁵/
    Nanning /ɬɐk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /sɐk̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan)
    Fuzhou (Min Dong)
    Jian'ou (Min Bei)
    Shantou (Min Nan)
    Haikou (Min Nan) /tit̚⁵/ 曾孫

    Definitions edit

    1. (Cantonese, Hakka, Hainanese, Leizhou Min, Zhongshan Min) great-grandchild (Classifier: c)
    Synonyms edit

    Etymology 3 edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to extinguish; to go out; to turn off; to switch off”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of ).
    Notes:

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. breath
    2. live
    3. give birth
    4. nurture
    5. spread, multiply
    6. rest
    7. come to an end

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Etymology 1 edit

    Kanji in this term
    いき
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    いき
    [noun] breath
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 2 edit

    Kanji in this term
    むすこ
    Grade: 3
    irregular
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    息子むすこ
    [noun] (humble) a son (male child)
    [noun] (euphemistic, humorous) penis
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling (rare) of the above term.)

    Korean edit

    Etymology edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC sik). Recorded as Middle Korean 식〮 (sík) (Yale: sik) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja edit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 숨쉴 (sumswil sik))

    1. Hanja form? of (breath).

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Okinawan edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings edit

    Etymology edit

    Cognate with Japanese (iki).

    Noun edit

    (いーち) (īchi

    1. breath

    Derived terms edit

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: tức

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.