See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人手一金 (OQMC), four-corner 25286, composition)

  1. debt, loan, liabilities

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 114, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1022
  • Dae Jaweon: page 244, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 207, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+50B5

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂai⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡sai⁵³/
/ʈ͡ʂai⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡sai⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂɛ²¹/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂai³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡sai⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡sɛ²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sai²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sai³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sai¹³/
Guiyang /t͡sai²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂæ²¹²/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂae⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂe̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡sæ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sɛ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sa³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sɑ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡se̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sa⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sa³²⁴/
/t͡sɛ³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sa⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sai⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sai⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sɑi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sai³³/
Nanning /t͡sai³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sai³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sai²¹/
/t͡se²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sai³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡se²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sai³⁵/
/t͡sɛ³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (18)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɣɛH/ /ʈ͡ʂaiH/ /t͡ʃɛH/ /ʈ͡ʂɯæH/ /ʈ͡ʂaɨjH/ /t͡ʃaiH/ /t͡ʃæiH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (18)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɣɛk̚/ /ʈ͡ʂæk̚/ /t͡ʃɛk̚/ /ʈ͡ʂɯæk̚/ /ʈ͡ʂəɨjk̚/ /t͡ʃæk̚/ /t͡ʃɐk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhài ‹ tsrɛH › /*s-tˤrek-s/ debt

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1744 0 /*ʔsreːɡs/
1759 0 /*ʔsreːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chae) (hangeul , revised chae, McCune-Reischauer ch'ae)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trái)

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