U+50B5, 債
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-50B5

[U+50B4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+50B6]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人手一金 (OQMC), four-corner 25286, composition)

  1. debt, loan, liabilities

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 114, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1022
  • Dae Jaweon: page 244, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 207, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+50B5

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsreːɡs, *ʔsreːɡ
*ʔseɡs, *ʔseɡ
*sʰeɡs, *sʰeɡ
*sʰeːɡs, *raːds
*sʰeɡs
*sʰeɡs
*zeɡs
*zraːd, *zreːɡ
*ʔsraːɡ, *ʔsreːɡ, *zreːɡ
*sreːɡ, *sʰloːɡ, *sloːɡ, *l̥ʰoɡ
*sreːɡ, *sroɡs, *sroɡs
*ʔsreːɡ
*ʔsreːɡ
*ʔsreːɡ, *sʰreːɡ, *sʰeɡ
*ʔsreːɡ
*ʔsreːɡ
*sʰreːɡ
*sʰreːɡ
*sʰreːɡ
*sʰreːɡ, *kreːb, *keːb
*sʰreːɡ, *sreːɡ
*zreːɡ
鰿 *zreːɡ, *ʔseɡ
*sreːɡ
*ʔseɡ
*ʔseɡ
*sʰeɡ
*sʰeɡ
*ʔseːɡ
*ʔseːɡ
*ʔseːɡ

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chài - literary;
  • chè/chèe - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂai⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡sai⁵³/
/ʈ͡ʂai⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡sai⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂɛ²¹/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂai³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡sai⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡sɛ²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sai²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sai³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sai¹³/
Guiyang /t͡sai²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂæ²¹²/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂae⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂe̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡sæ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sɛ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sa³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sɑ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡se̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sa⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡sa³²⁴/
/t͡sɛ³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sa⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡sai⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sai⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sai⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sɑi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sai³³/
Nanning /t͡sai³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sai³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sai²¹/
/t͡se²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sai³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡se²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sai³⁵/
/t͡sɛ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (18) (18)
Final () (31) (119)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃˠɛH/ /t͡ʃˠɛk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂᵚæH/ /ʈ͡ʂᵚæk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃæiH/ /t͡ʃɐk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂaɨjH/ /ʈ͡ʂəɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃɛH/ /t͡ʃɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃaiH/ /t͡ʃæk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂaiH/ /ʈ͡ʂæk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhài zhe
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhài
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsrɛH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-tˤrek-s/
English debt

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1744 1759
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsreːɡs/ /*ʔsreːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chae) (hangeul , revised chae, McCune-Reischauer ch'ae)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trái)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.