U+8CAC, 責
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8CAC

[U+8CAB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8CAD]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 154 +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 手一月山金 (QMBUC), four-corner 50806, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1205, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36682
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1668, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3626, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8CAC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsreːɡs, *ʔsreːɡ
*ʔseɡs, *ʔseɡ
*sʰeɡs, *sʰeɡ
*sʰeːɡs, *raːds
*sʰeɡs
*sʰeɡs
*zeɡs
*zraːd, *zreːɡ
*ʔsraːɡ, *ʔsreːɡ, *zreːɡ
*sreːɡ, *sʰloːɡ, *sloːɡ, *l̥ʰoɡ
*sreːɡ, *sroɡs, *sroɡs
*ʔsreːɡ
*ʔsreːɡ
*ʔsreːɡ, *sʰreːɡ, *sʰeɡ
*ʔsreːɡ
*ʔsreːɡ
*sʰreːɡ
*sʰreːɡ
*sʰreːɡ
*sʰreːɡ, *kreːb, *keːb
*sʰreːɡ, *sreːɡ
*zreːɡ
鰿 *zreːɡ, *ʔseɡ
*sreːɡ
*ʔseɡ
*ʔseɡ
*sʰeɡ
*sʰeɡ
*ʔseːɡ
*ʔseːɡ
*ʔseːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsreːɡ): phonetic (OC *sʰeɡs) + semantic (cowry; money) – tax; debt.

Top component now resembles (without the diagonal stroke) – compare , .

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • chiak/chek - literary;
  • chit - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sɤ³⁵/
Harbin /t͡sai²⁴/
/t͡sɤ²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sɤ⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡sə²¹³/
/ʈ͡ʂei²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sə⁴²/
/t͡se⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂɛ⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sei²¹/
Xining /t͡sɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡sə¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂə¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sɤ⁵¹/
/t͡sei⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡se³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sɛ²¹/
Kunming /t͡sə³¹/
Nanjing /t͡səʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡sɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡saʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡sʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡saʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡səʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sɛʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sa⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sə²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sit̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sak̚³/
Nanning /t͡sak̚³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sak̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡saiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡seʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sɛ⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (18)
Final () (119)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃˠɛk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂᵚæk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɐk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂəɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃæk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂæk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhe
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1761
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsreːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to demand; to ask for (something)
  2. to demand to; to order to
  3. to blame; to reproach
  4. to interrogate; to question closely
  5. to punish by beating
  6. duty; responsibility

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Original form of (zhài, “debt; loan”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chaek, chae) (hangeul , , revised chaek, chae, McCune-Reischauer ch'aek, ch'ae, Yale chayk, chay)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.