See also:
U+8CAC, 責
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8CAC

[U+8CAB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8CAD]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 154, +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 手一月山金 (QMBUC), four-corner 50806, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1205, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36682
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1668, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3626, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8CAC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsreːɡ): phonetic (OC *sʰeɡs) + semantic (cowry; money) – tax; debt.

Top component now resembles (without the diagonal stroke) – compare , .

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • chit - vernacular;
  • chiak/chek - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡sɤ³⁵/
    Harbin /t͡sai²⁴/
    /t͡sɤ²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡sɤ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /t͡sə²¹³/
    /ʈ͡ʂei²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡sə⁴²/
    /t͡se⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂɛ⁴²/
    Xi'an /t͡sei²¹/
    Xining /t͡sɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡sə¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂə¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡sɤ⁵¹/
    /t͡sei⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡se³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sɛ²¹/
    Kunming /t͡sə³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡sɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡saʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡sʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /t͡saʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡sɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡sa²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sɛʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡sa⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡sæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sɛʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sit̚¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡sit̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sak̚³/
    Nanning /t͡sak̚³³/
    Hong Kong /t͡sak̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sik̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡saiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡seʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sɛ⁵⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (18)
    Final () (119)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃˠɛk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂᵚæk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃɐk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂəɨjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃæk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂæk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhe
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsreak › ‹ tsreak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-tˁrek/ /*s-tˁrek/
    English demand payment blame

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1761
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsreːɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to demand; to ask for (something)
    2. to demand to; to order to
    3. to blame; to reproach
    4. to interrogate; to question closely
    5. to punish by beating
    6. duty; responsibility
    7. (Hakka) to thrust; to poke with finger

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsreaH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-tˁrek-s/
    English debt

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Original form of (zhài, “debt; loan”).

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. blame
    2. condemn

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 꾸짖을 (kkujijeul chaek))

    1. Hanja form? of (reproach).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (bit chae))

    1. (obsolete) Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (debt).)

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: trách

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.