See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(thorn) +  ‎(money) – the thorny part of money is being responsible for debt.

Top component now resembles 生 (without the diagonal stroke) – compare , .

Han characterEdit

(radical 154 +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 手一月山金 (QMBUC), four-corner 50806, composition)

  1. one's responsibility, duty

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1205, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36682
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1668, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3626, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8CAC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sɤ³⁵/
Harbin /t͡sai²⁴/
/t͡sɤ²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sɤ⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡sə²¹³/
/ʈ͡ʂei²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sə⁴²/
/t͡se⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂɛ⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sei²¹/
Xining /t͡sɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡sə¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂə¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡sɤ⁵¹/
/t͡sei⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡se³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sɛ²¹/
Kunming /t͡sə³¹/
Nanjing /t͡səʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡sɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡saʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡sʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡saʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡səʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡səʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sɛʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sa⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sə²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sit̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sak̚³/
Nanning /t͡sak̚³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sak̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡saiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡seʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sɛ⁵⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (18)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɣɛk̚/ /ʈ͡ʂæk̚/ /t͡ʃɛk̚/ /ʈ͡ʂɯæk̚/ /ʈ͡ʂəɨjk̚/ /t͡ʃæk̚/ /t͡ʃɐk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1761 0 /*ʔsreːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chaek, chae) (hangeul , , revised chaek, chae, McCune-Reischauer ch'aek, ch'ae, Yale chayk, chay)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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