Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜口竹女 (YRHV), four-corner 00732, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 188, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3580
  • Dae Jaweon: page 407, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 620, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+54C0

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qɯːl): phonetic  ‎(OC *qɯl, *qɯls) + semantic  ‎(mouth)

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ai⁵⁵/
Harbin /ai⁴⁴/
Tianjin /nai²¹/
Jinan /ŋɛ²¹³/
Qingdao /ɣɛ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ai²⁴/
Xi'an /ŋai²¹/
Xining /nɛ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɛ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɛ³¹/
Ürümqi /ai⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ŋai⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ŋai⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ŋai⁵⁵/
/ai⁵⁵/
Kunming /æ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ae³¹/
Hefei /ʐe̞²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɣai¹¹/
Pingyao /ŋæ¹³/
Hohhot /ŋɛ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /e⁵³/
Suzhou /e̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔe̞³³/
Wenzhou /e³³/
Hui Shexian /ŋɛ³¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ŋai³³/
Xiangtan /ŋai³³/
Gan Nanchang /ŋai⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /oi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /oi²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ɔi⁵³/
Nanning /ɔi⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /ɔi⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ai⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ai⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uɛ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ai³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ai²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔəi/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔəj/
Li
Rong
/ʔᴀi/
Wang
Li
/ɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
āi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
āi
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔoj ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔˤəj/
English to pity; sad

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14835
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯːl/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to lament; to mourn
      ―  āidào  ―  to lament, to mourn
      ―  āiqiú  ―  to beg, to implore
  2. sad, mournful, pitiful, sorrowful
  3. pity; grief
      ―  āitòng  ―  to grieve, grief

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ae) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ae)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ai)

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