See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 184 +4, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人戈弓人 (OINO), four-corner 87782, composition)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1417, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44063
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1941, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4445, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+98F2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qrɯmʔ, *qrɯms): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *kʰoms).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjimX/
Li
Rong
/ʔjəmX/
Wang
Li
/ĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǐn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǐn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔimX ›
Old
Chinese
/*q(r)[u]mʔ/
English drink (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 6625
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrɯmʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary or Cantonese, Hakka) to drink
  2. to swallow (tears); to nurse (grievance); to keep in the heart
  3. Alternative form of (yǐn, “to hide; to conceal”).
  4. beverage; drink
  5. diet; food
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“to drink”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Quanzhou
Xiamen
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Yilan
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu
Malaysia
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiɪmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚimH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiemH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjimH/
Li
Rong
/ʔjəmH/
Wang
Li
/ĭĕmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯əmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yìn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yìn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔimH ›
Old
Chinese
/*q(r)[ə]mʔ-s/
English give to drink

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 6626
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrɯms/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to give (animals) water to drink; to water (animals)
  2. to wine and dine; to entertain with alcohol and food

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. to drink, consume
  2. to overwhelm

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(eum) (hangeul , revised eum, McCune-Reischauer ŭm, Yale um)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ẩm, ỡm, hẩm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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