U+98F2, 飲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-98F2

[U+98F1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+98F3]
See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 184 +4, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人戈弓人 (OINO), four-corner 87782, composition)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1417, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44063
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1941, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4445, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+98F2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰluːm'
*l̥ʰuːmʔ
*l̥ʰuːms, *luːms
*qʰɯːm, *qlamʔ, *qlɯːms
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːmʔ, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*qɯːm, *qaːb
*qɯːm, *qrɯːms
*krɯːm
*qʰrɯːm, *kʰjam, *qʰlɯːm, *ɡrɯms
*qʰrɯːmʔ, *qʰram, *kʰlam, *kʰlamʔ, *qʰlɯːm
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*ɡram
*ɡram
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*nɯːms
*sɡɯm, *sɡrɯm
*sɢrɯm
*sɡrɯm
*sɡrɯm, *ɡrɯms
*sɡrɯm
*ɡjɯms
*krɯm
*krɯm
*krɯm
*kʰrɯm
*kʰrɯmʔ
*kʰrɯms
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm, *ŋɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm
*qʰrɯm, *qʰrɯmʔ
*qrɯm
*qrɯm
*qrɯmʔ, *qrɯms
*qrɯms
*qrɯms
*ɡrɯn, *ɡɯn, *kɯŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qrɯmʔ, *qrɯms): semantic  + phonetic (OC *kʰoms).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • ím - literary;
  • ám - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjimX/
Li
Rong
/ʔjəmX/
Wang
Li
/ĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǐn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǐn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔimX ›
Old
Chinese
/*q(r)[u]mʔ/
English drink (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 6625
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrɯmʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary or Cantonese, Hakka) to drink
  2. to swallow (tears); to nurse (grievance); to keep in the heart
  3. Alternative form of (yǐn, “to hide; to conceal”).
  4. beverage; drink
  5. diet; food
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“to drink”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Yilan
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu
Malaysia
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiɪmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚimH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiemH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjimH/
Li
Rong
/ʔjəmH/
Wang
Li
/ĭĕmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯əmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yìn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yìn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔimH ›
Old
Chinese
/*q(r)[ə]mʔ-s/
English give to drink

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 6626
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrɯms/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to give (animals) water to drink; to water (animals)
  2. to wine and dine; to entertain with alcohol and food

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. to drink, consume
  2. to overwhelm

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(eum) (hangeul , revised eum, McCune-Reischauer ŭm, Yale um)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ẩm, ỡm, hẩm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.