Chinese edit

country; state; nation
speech; language; dialect
speech; language; dialect; tell to
trad. (國語)
simp. (国语)
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Pronunciation edit

Noun edit


  1. national language; language specific to or of official usage in a nation
    1. (chiefly Taiwan, Philippines Hokkien, colloquial in Hong Kong, dated in Mainland China, obsolete in Malaysia) Mandarin Chinese; standard Chinese
      國語国语  ―  Nǐ huì shuō guóyǔ ma?  ―  Do you speak Mandarin?
    2. (usually in contrast with 普通話普通话 (pǔtōnghuà, “mainland Chinese Mandarin”)) Taiwanese Mandarin; Guoyu
    3. (Malaysia) Malay, the national language of Malaysia
    4. (historical) under conquest dynasties founded by non-Han groups, the language of the conquering ethnic group: Khitan under the Liao, Mongol under the Yuan, Manchu under the Qing, etc.
    5. (Korean Classical Chinese) Korean
    6. (Vietnamese Classical Chinese) Vietnamese

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Proper noun edit


  1. Discourses of the States (a text from the Spring and Autumn period)

Japanese edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2

Noun edit

(こく)() (kokugo

  1. Kyūjitai form of 国語 (national language; Japanese)

Korean edit

Hanja in this term

Noun edit

國語 (gugeo) (hangeul 국어)

  1. Hanja form? of 국어 (national language; Korean).

Vietnamese edit

chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun edit


  1. chữ Hán form of quốc ngữ (national language, the modern Vietnamese writing system based on the Roman alphabet).

See also edit