See also: 华语

ChineseEdit

 
flowery; flourishing; magnificent
flowery; flourishing; magnificent; your; grey; corona; time; essence; China; Chinese; name of a mountain
 
speech; language; dialect
speech; language; dialect; tell to
trad. (華語)
simp. (华语)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 1/2
Initial () (33) (31)
Final () (99) (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () II III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠua/ /ŋɨʌX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚa/ /ŋiɔX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣua/ /ŋiɔX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwaɨ/ /ŋɨə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ɣua/ /ŋiɔX/
Wang
Li
/ɣwa/ /ŋĭoX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwa/ /ŋi̯woX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huá
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
waa4 jyu5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huá
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwæ › ‹ ngjoX ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-qʷʰˁra/ /*ŋ(r)aʔ/
English flower (v.); flowery (adj.) speak

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3 1/2
No. 5312 13159
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷraː/ /*ŋaʔ/
Notes

NounEdit

華語

  1. (chiefly Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, Indonesia) Mandarin Chinese; (standard) Chinese
    華語华语  ―  Nǐ huì shuō huáyǔ ma?  ―  Do you speak Mandarin?
    華語運動 [Singaporean Mandarin, trad.]
    华语运动 [Singaporean Mandarin, simp.]
    Jiǎng Huáyǔ Yùndòng [Pinyin]
    Speak Mandarin Campaign
  2. (historical, pre-modern) the language of China (華夏华夏); Chinese
  3. (Classical Chinese) words of praise

Usage notesEdit

  • In Mainland China, Standard Mandarin is usually called 普通話普通话 (pǔtōnghuà), while 國語国语 (guóyǔ) may also be used colloquially.
  • In Taiwan, it is often called 國語国语 (guóyǔ), while 華語华语 (huáyǔ) is often used to distinguish it from other languages, such as 臺語台语 (táiyǔ), or when used in a foreign-facing context.
  • In Hong Kong and Macau, it has usually been called 國語国语, but 普通話普通话 is becoming more common.

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (華語):
  • Japanese: 華語(かご) (kago)
  • Korean: 화어 (華語, hwa'eo)
  • Vietnamese: Hoa ngữ (華語)

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S

Grade: 2
on’yomi

NounEdit

()() (kago

  1. (uncommon) the (standard) Chinese language, Mandarin
    台湾華語(たいわんかご)
    Taiwan kago
    Taiwanese Mandarin

SynonymsEdit


KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

華語 (hwa'eo) (hangeul 화어)

  1. Hanja form? of 화어 (Chinese language).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

華語

  1. chữ Hán form of Hoa ngữ (Chinese language).