See also: and
U+56FD, 国
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-56FD

[U+56FC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+56FE]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional
Stroke order (Mainland China)
 
Stroke order
(Mainland China)
 
Stroke order
(Japan)
 

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 31, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 田一土戈 (WMGI), four-corner 60103, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 218, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4752
  • Dae Jaweon: page 446, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 716, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+56FD

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Simplified from (). Also compare , an unorthodox variant of that contains (“king”) instead of (“jade”).

DefinitionsEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“country; nation; nation-state; kingdom; capital; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
くに
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
(kyūjitai)
(uncommon)

From Old Japanese. Found in the Nihon Shoki completed in 720, and in the Man'yōshū completed some time after 759.[1] Perhaps related to Middle Chinese (MC ɡɨunH, “geographic region: commandery, prefecture”).

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs audio files. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

NounEdit

(くに) (kuni

  1. a land, a large place
  2. a country in general, a region
  3. a country as in a nation, a state
    • 1998 November 30 [Nov 25 1990], Fujiko F. Fujio, のび()とアニマル惑星(プラネット) [Nobita and the Animal Planet] (大長編ドラえもん; 10), volume 10 (fiction), 22nd edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 27:
      ねえねえ、(いま)()()みた⁉
      Nē nē, ima no chizu mita⁉
      Hey, did you see that map!?
      みた!いったいここはなんという(くに)だろう。
      Mita! Ittai koko wa nan to iu kuni darō.
      I did! I wonder what country this is.
      クニクニってなあに。
      Kuni? Kuni tte nāni.
      Country? What’s a country?
      アメリカとか(ちゅう)(ごく)とかいろいろあるじゃない。
      Amerika toka Chūgoku toka iroiro aru ja nai.
      You know, countries. There are a bunch of them like America and China.
      ぼくらは(にっ)(ぽん)からきたんだけど…。
      Bokura wa Nippon kara kita n da kedo….
      We’re from Japan, by the way...
      ニッポン?きいたことない。
      Nippon? Kiita koto nai.
      Japan? I’ve never heard of that before.
  4. the office of emperor, the crown; affairs of state
  5. a province of ancient Japan
  6. the national government in ancient Japan; the national capital in ancient Japan
  7. one's birthplace, where one is from, one's home
    • 1994 January 20 [Dec 17 1988], Oze, Akira, “第8話 酒蔵の子 [Child of the Brewery]”, in 夏子の酒 [Natsuko’s Saké], volume 1 (fiction), 14th edition, Tōkyō: Kōdansha, →ISBN, page 183:
      ううん……もう()ないと(おも)う たぶん
      Ūn……mō konai to omou tabun
      No... I don’t think I’ll be coming back any time soon.
      どうして?
      Dō shite?
      How come?
      故郷(クニ)にね……(かえ)るの
      Kuni ni ne…… kaeru no
      I’m moving back home.
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
こく
Grade: 2
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese (MC kwək̚, “country, nation”).

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs audio files. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

NounEdit

(こく) (koku

  1. a land, a large place
  2. a country in general, a region
  3. a country as in a nation, a state
Usage notesEdit

Most often found in compounds.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 나라 (nara guk))

  1. Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (country; state; nation; land).)

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: quốc[1][2]
: Nôm readings: quốc[1]

  1. Alternative form of (chữ Hán form of quốc ((only in compounds) nation; state; country).)

ReferencesEdit