Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: and
U+56FD, 国
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-56FD

[U+56FC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+56FE]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 
Japanese
stroke order
 

Glyph originEdit

Simplified from ()

In this simplified form, this character consists of 玉, the Chinese character for jade (or precious stone or gem) (representing the emperor), enclosed by the character meaning "erect," "proud," or "upright". In the Kangxi Dictionary of 1716 the character 国 is not included, but other characters like 囯, 囶, 圀 and 䆐 are. 國 is the original character.

Han characterEdit

(radical 31 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 田一土戈 (WMGI), four-corner 60103, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 218, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4752
  • Dae Jaweon: page 446, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 716, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+56FD

ChineseEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
くに
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after CE 759.[1]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana くに, rōmaji kuni)

  1. a land, a large place
  2. a country in general, a region
  3. a country as in a nation, a state
    • 1998 November 30, Fujiko F. Fujio, のびとアニマル惑星プラネット [Nobita and the Animal Planet] (大長編ドラえもん; 10), volume 10 (fiction, in Japanese), 22nd edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-140610-6, page 27:
      ねえねえ、 (いま) () ()みた⁉
      Nē nē, ima no chizu mita⁉
      Hey look, isn’t that a map⁉
      みた!いったいここはなんという (くに)だろう。
      Mita! Ittai koko wa nan to iu kuni darō.
      It is! And what country is this anyway?
      クニクニってなあに。
      Kuni? Kuni tte nāni.
      Country? What’s a country?
      アメリカとか (ちゅう) (ごく)とかいろいろあるじゃない。
      Amerika toka Chūgoku toka iroiro aru ja nai.
      There are countries like America and China, aren’t there?
      ぼくらは (にっ) (ぽん)からきたんだけど…。
      Bokura wa Nippon kara kitan dakedo….
      We’re from Japan, by the way….
      ニッポン?きいたことない。
      Nippon? Kiita koto nai.
      Japan? I’ve never heard of that before.
  4. the office of emperor, the crown; affairs of state
  5. a province of ancient Japan
  6. the national government in ancient Japan; the national capital in ancient Japan
  7. one's birthplace

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
こく
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Middle Chinese (/kwək̚/, country, nation).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana こく, rōmaji koku)

  1. a land, a large place
  2. a country in general, a region
  3. a country as in a nation, a state
Usage notesEdit

Most often found in compounds.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quốc)

  1. (only in compounds) nation; state; country

ReferencesEdit