national

See also: National and național

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French national, corresponding to nation +‎ -al.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈnaʃn̩(ə)l/, /ˈnaʃn(ə)l/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈnæʃən(ə)l/, /ˈnæʃn(ə)l/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æʃənəl

AdjectiveEdit

national (comparative more national, superlative most national)

  1. Pertaining to a nation or country, especially as a whole; affecting, shared by, or existing throughout all of a nation. [from 16th c.]
    • a national assembly · on the front page of every national newspaper
    • Import tariffs were raised for the national interest.
  2. Belonging to or characteristic of a specific nation or country, as opposed to others. [from 17th c.]
    • this is their national dish · our national tendency to laugh at the French
  3. (now rare) Nationalistic; patriotic. [from 17th c.]
    • 1791, James Boswell, Life of Johnson, Oxford 2008, p. 599:
      ‘Come, come, don't deny it: they are really national. Why, now, the Adams are as liberal-minded men as any in the world: but, I don't know how it is, all their workmen are Scotch.’

Usage notesEdit

See nation for notes regarding the usage of national to refer to the UK and its member states.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

national (plural nationals)

  1. A subject of a nation.
    The diplomats were advised not to interact with any foreign nationals except on official duty.
  2. (usually in the plural) A tournament in which participants from all over the nation compete.
    After winning the regional tournament, the team advanced to the nationals.

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From New Latin nationalis.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

national

  1. national, having to do with a particular country in opposition to other nations
    Antonym: international
  2. national, having to do with the whole and not only single parts of it
    Antonym: regional
  3. patriotic, having positive feelings for one's own nation

InflectionEdit

Inflection of national
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular national 2
Neuter singular nationalt 2
Plural nationale 2
Definite attributive1 nationale
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

nation +‎ -al; cf. New Latin nationalis.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

national (feminine singular nationale, masculine plural nationaux, feminine plural nationales)

  1. national

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Derived from Nation (nation) under the influence of French national.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˌnatsi̯oˈnaːl/, [ˌna.tsjoˈnaːl], /ˈnatsi̯oˌnaːl/, [ˈna.tsjoˌnaːl]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aːl

AdjectiveEdit

national (comparative nationaler, superlative am nationalsten)

  1. national (being part of a nation's identity or character)
    eine nationale Traditiona national tradition
    die nationale Sprache (≈ die Nationalsprache)the national language
    nationale Eigenartennational characteristics
  2. national (of importance for the nation as a whole)
    nationale Belangenational interests
    eine nationale Katastrophea national catastrophe
    der nationale Dialogthe national dialogue
  3. nationwide, national (covering a country, as opposed to regional and international levels; see usage note below)
    nationale Parlamente (≈ Nationalparlamente)national parliaments
    auf nationaler Ebeneon the national level
    die nationale Gesetzgebungnational legislation
  4. (moderately) nationalist
    das nationale Lagerthe nationalist camp
    Sozialismus nationaler Prägungsocialism with a nationalist imprint

Usage notesEdit

  • The comparative forms are infrequent.
  • German national in the sense of “nationwide” occurs chiefly in a political context, as shown in the examples above. Its use in other contexts is often modeled on English usage: ein nationaler Gesangswettbewerb (a national singing competition). The more idiomatic German word is landesweit or, in the cases of Germany and Austria specifically, bundesweit: ein landesweiter/bundesweiter Gesangswettbewerb.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit