See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
會-order.gif

Alternative formsEdit

  • (based on the large seal script form of the character)

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
會-oracle.svg 會-bronze.svg 會-bigseal.svg 會-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  - a lid on top of an ancient double boiler.

Han characterEdit

(radical 73 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人一田日 (OMWA), four-corner 80606)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 503, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14306
  • Dae Jaweon: page 878, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1524, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6703

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

EtymologyEdit

The two pronunciations are ultimately cognate, derived from a root meaning "to join, to come together ~ to meet, to gather ~ to match, to fit - to understand". Perhaps related to (, “to match”) ~ (gài, “lid”).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location 會 (計) 會 (開)
Mandarin Beijing /kʰuai⁵¹/ /xuei⁵¹/
Harbin /kʰuai⁵³/ /xuei⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰuai⁵³/ /xuei⁵³/
Jinan /kʰuɛ²¹/ /xuei²¹/
Qingdao /kʰuɛ⁴²/ /xue⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kʰuai³¹²/ /xuei³¹²/
Xi'an /kʰuai⁵³/ /xuei⁴⁴/
Xining /kʰuɛ⁵³/ /xuɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /kʰuɛ¹³/ /xuei¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰuɛ¹³/ /xuei¹³/
Ürümqi /kʰuai²¹³/ /xuei²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰuai³⁵/ /xuei³⁵/
Chengdu /kʰuai¹³/ /xuei¹³/
Guiyang /kʰuai⁴²/ /xuei²¹³/
Kunming /kʰuæ²¹²/ /xuei²¹²/
Nanjing /kʰuae⁴⁴/ /xuəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /kʰue̞⁵³/ /xue⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰuai⁴⁵/ /xuei⁴⁵/
Pingyao /kʰuæ³⁵/ /xuæ³⁵/
Hohhot /kʰuɛ⁵⁵/ /xuei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kʰue³⁵/ /ɦue¹³/
Suzhou /kʰue̞⁵¹³/ /ɦue̞³¹/
Hangzhou /kʰui⁴⁴⁵/ /ɦui¹³/
Wenzhou /kai⁴²/ /vai²²/
Hui Shexian /kʰuɛ³²⁴/
/kuɛ³²⁴/
/xuɛ²²/
/uɛ²²/
Tunxi /kʰua⁴²/ /xuə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kʰuai⁵⁵/ /fei⁵⁵/
/fei¹¹/
Xiangtan /kʰuai⁵⁵/ /ɸəi²¹/
Gan Nanchang /kʰuai²¹³/ /fɨi²¹/
Hakka Meixian /kʰuai⁵³/ /fi⁵³/
Taoyuan /fui⁵⁵/ /fui⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wui²²/ /wui³⁵/
Nanning /wui²²/ /wui²²/
Hong Kong /kʰui³⁵/
/wui²²/
/wui³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kue²¹/ /hue²²/
/e²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɔi²¹²/ /huɔi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰo³³/ /xo⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kuai²¹³/ /hue³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hui³³/ /hui³³/
/ɔi³³/ ~做
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuɑiH/ /ɣuɑiH/ /ɣuɑiH/ /ɦʷɑiH/ /ɦwajH/ /ɣuɑiH/ /ɣuɑiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huì ‹ hwajH › /*m-kˤop-s/ meeting; have a meeting

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5507 3 /*ɡoːbs/ 金文從合甑,合亦聲,說文古文作㣛,皆表與合同源

DefinitionsEdit

(classifiers (), (), (chǎng))

  1. union, group, association
  2. a place where people meet; an economic or political centre; city, town
  3. occasion, opportunity, chance
  4. to understand, to grasp
    • 誤會误会 (wùhuì, “to misunderstand; misunderstanding”)
  5. lid, cover
  6. to match, to conform
  7. to marry
  8. to copulate
  9. to know how to perform a task, can, be able to
  10. to be possible; can
    污染使氣喘加重 [MSC, trad.]
    污染使气喘加重 [MSC, simp.]
    Wūrǎn huì shǐ qìchuǎn jiāzhòng. [Pinyin]
    Pollution can aggravate asthma.
  11. to gather, to assemble
  12. to meet, to rendezvous
  13. meeting, gathering
    1. Especially, meetings of sovereigns of their deputies in ancient China to form alliances.
  14. will, be likely to, be sure to
  15. rhythm, cadence
  16. a moment

Pronunciation 2Edit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location 會 (計) 會 (開)
Mandarin Beijing /kʰuai⁵¹/ /xuei⁵¹/
Harbin /kʰuai⁵³/ /xuei⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰuai⁵³/ /xuei⁵³/
Jinan /kʰuɛ²¹/ /xuei²¹/
Qingdao /kʰuɛ⁴²/ /xue⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kʰuai³¹²/ /xuei³¹²/
Xi'an /kʰuai⁵³/ /xuei⁴⁴/
Xining /kʰuɛ⁵³/ /xuɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /kʰuɛ¹³/ /xuei¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰuɛ¹³/ /xuei¹³/
Ürümqi /kʰuai²¹³/ /xuei²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰuai³⁵/ /xuei³⁵/
Chengdu /kʰuai¹³/ /xuei¹³/
Guiyang /kʰuai⁴²/ /xuei²¹³/
Kunming /kʰuæ²¹²/ /xuei²¹²/
Nanjing /kʰuae⁴⁴/ /xuəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /kʰue̞⁵³/ /xue⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰuai⁴⁵/ /xuei⁴⁵/
Pingyao /kʰuæ³⁵/ /xuæ³⁵/
Hohhot /kʰuɛ⁵⁵/ /xuei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kʰue³⁵/ /ɦue¹³/
Suzhou /kʰue̞⁵¹³/ /ɦue̞³¹/
Hangzhou /kʰui⁴⁴⁵/ /ɦui¹³/
Wenzhou /kai⁴²/ /vai²²/
Hui Shexian /kʰuɛ³²⁴/
/kuɛ³²⁴/
/xuɛ²²/
/uɛ²²/
Tunxi /kʰua⁴²/ /xuə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kʰuai⁵⁵/ /fei⁵⁵/
/fei¹¹/
Xiangtan /kʰuai⁵⁵/ /ɸəi²¹/
Gan Nanchang /kʰuai²¹³/ /fɨi²¹/
Hakka Meixian /kʰuai⁵³/ /fi⁵³/
Taoyuan /fui⁵⁵/ /fui⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wui²²/ /wui³⁵/
Nanning /wui²²/ /wui²²/
Hong Kong /kʰui³⁵/
/wui²²/
/wui³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kue²¹/ /hue²²/
/e²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɔi²¹²/ /huɔi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰo³³/ /xo⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kuai²¹³/ /hue³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hui³³/ /hui³³/
/ɔi³³/ ~做
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑiH/ /kuɑiH/ /kuɑiH/ /kʷɑiH/ /kwajH/ /kuɑiH/ /kuɑiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huì ‹ hwajH › /*ɦʷˤajs (< *m-kˤop-s)/ 阿會亘 ēhuìxuān: Skt. ābhāsvara ‘shining’ (E. Hàn)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5493 3 /*koːbs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to compute, to calculate, to sum, to do accounting
  2. Used in placenames.

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hoe) (hangeul , revised hoe, McCune-Reischauer hoe, Yale hoy)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hội, cuối, hụi)

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