to feel; to move; to touch; to affect
to cover; to emit; to manifest; to risk; bold; brave
|simp. and trad.
Attested since the Song dynasty.
冒 (mào) probably refers to “to emit; to manifest”, with 感冒 literally meaning “affected [by the wind] and [the symptoms have] manifested”.
- (medicine) cold (common viral illness); common cold
- (informal) influenza
- (literary, historical) pretext for requesting leave of absence used by officials in the Qing dynasty
- 按今制官員請假輒以感冒為辭，當即宋時「感風簿」之遺意。 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
- From: 俞樾 (Yu Yue), 《茶香室叢鈔》
- Àn jīn zhì guānyuán qǐngjià zhé yǐ gǎnmào wéi cí, dāngjí Sòng shí “gǎnfēngbù” zhī yíyì. [Pinyin]
- Nowadays officials use the pretext of “affected [by disease] and [symptoms have] manifested” for their absence; this is inherited from ganfengbu (sign-in book for officials who had been affected by the cold wind and fallen ill) in the Song dynasty.
按今制官员请假辄以感冒为辞，当即宋时“感风簿”之遗意。 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
- to catch a cold
- (literary) to sense; to feel
- (Mainland China, figuratively, colloquial, often in the negative) to fancy; to be interested in
- (Taiwan, figuratively, colloquial) to loathe; to hate
|Kanji in this term|
- a cold
- 風邪 (かぜ, kaze)