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See also:
U+611F, 感
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-611F

[U+611E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6120]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 戈口心 (IRP), four-corner 53330, composition(GJKV) or ⿵(HT))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 395, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10953
  • Dae Jaweon: page 733, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2321, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+611F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːmʔ
*kɯːmʔ
*kʰɯːmʔ, *ŋɡrɯːms
*kʰɯːmʔ, *kʰɯːms
*ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːms
*qʰaːmʔ, *qʰrɯːmʔ, *ɡrɯːmʔ
*krɯːm
*krɯːm, *kjum
*krɯːm, *ŋɡrɯːm
*krɯːmʔ, *ɡrɯːmʔ
*ŋɡrɯːm, *ɡram
*ŋɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡam, *ɡram, *kjɯm
*kjɯm
*kjɯm
*kjum

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯːmʔ): phonetic  (OC *ɡrɯːm) + semantic  (heart).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kan²¹⁴/
Harbin /kan²¹³/
Tianjin /kan¹³/
Jinan /kã⁵⁵/
Qingdao /kã⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kan⁵³/
Xi'an /kã⁵³/
Xining /kã⁵³/
Yinchuan /kan⁵³/
Lanzhou /kɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /kan⁵¹/
Wuhan /kan⁴²/
Chengdu /kan⁵³/
Guiyang /kan⁴²/
Kunming /kã̠⁵³/
Nanjing /kaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /kæ̃²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /kæ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /kɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /kæ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /kø³⁵/
Suzhou /kø⁵¹/
Hangzhou /kẽ̞⁵³/
Wenzhou /ky³⁵/
Hui Shexian /kɛ³⁵/
Tunxi /kɛ³¹/
Xiang Changsha /kan⁴¹/
Xiangtan /kan⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /kɵn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kam³¹/
Taoyuan /kɑm³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐm³⁵/
Nanning /kam³⁵/
Hong Kong /kɐm³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kam⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kam⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kam²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (159)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʌmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɒmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəmX/
Li
Rong
/kᴀmX/
Wang
Li
/kɒmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kămX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gǎn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ komX ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤ[ə]mʔ/
English move (emotionally) (v.t.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13498
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯːmʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to move (someone); to affect; to touch; to arouse
  2. response; influence
  3. to feel; to perceive
  4. feeling; thought; sensation; emotion
  5. to thank; to feel grateful
  6. to sigh with emotion; to be sentimental
  7. to miss; to long for
  8. (traditional Chinese medicine) to be affected by wind-cold

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. feeling, sensation, emotion

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: 3
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (komX).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かん, rōmaji kan)

  1. feeling; sense
     (きょ) () (かん)
    kyomukan
    feeling of emptiness

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gam) (hangeul , revised gam, McCune–Reischauer kam, Yale kam)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cảm, cám)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit