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U+5B8B, 宋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B8B

[U+5B8A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B8C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 40 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十木 (JD) or X十木 (XJD), four-corner 30904, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 282, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7078
  • Dae Jaweon: page 554, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 915, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5B8B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
(Written Standard Chinese?)
Song dynasty (English)
Song (Chinese name) (English)
Song (State) (English)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
             
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ruːmʔ
*sluːms
*sluːŋs

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /suŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /suŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /suŋ⁵³/
Jinan /suŋ²¹/
Qingdao /səŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /suŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /suŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /suə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /suŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /sũn¹³/
Ürümqi /suŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /soŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /soŋ¹³/
Guiyang /soŋ²¹³/
Kunming /soŋ¹/
Nanjing /soŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /səŋ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /suəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /suŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /sũŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /soŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /soŋ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /soŋ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /soŋ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /sʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /san⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /soŋ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /sən⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /suŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /suŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /suŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /soŋ³³/
Nanning /ɬuŋ³³/
Hong Kong /suŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sɔŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /souŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sɔŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /soŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /soŋ³⁵/
/taŋ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (5)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/suoŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/suoŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/soŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sawŋH/
Li
Rong
/soŋH/
Wang
Li
/suoŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/suoŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sòng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
sòng
Middle
Chinese
‹ sowngH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ˤuŋ-s/
English (place name)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12061
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sluːŋs/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (~朝) A former dynasty in China, reigning from the end of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms to the beginning of the Yuan
  2. A former empire in China, occupying the eastern half of modern China
  3. The era of Chinese history during which the dynasty reigned
  4. A surname, listed 118th in the Baijiaxing
  5. A former duchy and kingdom in China, occupying an area southeast of the Yellow River during the Warring States period
  6. A Chinese constellation, considered a part of the Left Wall of the Heavenly Market Enclosure

See alsoEdit

Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 BCE
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 BCE
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 BCE
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 CE Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 CE Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 CE
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 CE
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 CE
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 CE
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 CE
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
1115 – 1234 CE
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 CE
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 CE
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 CE
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 CE

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. Song (Chinese dynasty)

ReadingsEdit

(Can we verify(+) this pronunciation?)

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
そう
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC suoŋH). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana そう, rōmaji )

  1. Song (former Chinese dynasty):
    1. name of the state during the Zhou dynasty (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    2. the 劉宋 (Ryūsō), around 420-479
    3. the 北宋 (Hokusō, Northern Song) and 南宋 (Nansō, Southern Song) dynasties, spanning around 960-1279
  2. a surname​.

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(song) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer song)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tống)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.