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See also:
U+66CF, 曏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-66CF

[U+66CE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+66D0]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 72, +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 日女竹中 (AVHL), four-corner 60227, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 500, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14195
  • Dae Jaweon: page 870, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1534, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+66CF

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰjaŋʔ, *qʰjaŋs, *qʰaŋʔ, *qʰaŋs
*qʰaŋ
*qʰaŋ
*qʰaŋ
*qʰaŋʔ
*qʰaŋʔ
*qʰaŋʔ, *qʰaŋs
*qʰaŋʔ, *qʰaŋs
*kʰraŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰjaŋʔ, *qʰjaŋs, *qʰaŋʔ, *qʰaŋs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *qʰaŋ).

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp. *

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 4/4
Initial () (32) (32)
Final () (105) (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨɐŋX/ /hɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiɐŋX/ /hiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiɑŋX/ /xiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɨaŋX/ /hɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/xiaŋX/ /xiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/xĭaŋX/ /xĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯aŋX/ /xi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiǎng xiàng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiǎng xiàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjangX › ‹ xjangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥aŋʔ/ (W dialect: *n̥- > MC x-) /*n̥aŋʔ-s/ (W dialect: *n̥- > MC x-)
English a short time a short time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/4 4/4
No. 13603 13604
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰaŋʔ/ /*qʰaŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. in the near past; in the past
  2. facing; against

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/4 3/4
Initial () (26) (26)
Final () (105) (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨɐŋX/ /ɕɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɐŋX/ /ɕiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɑŋX/ /ɕiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨaŋX/ /ɕɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiaŋX/ /ɕiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭaŋX/ /ɕĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯aŋX/ /ɕi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǎng shàng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǎng shàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ syangX › ‹ syangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥aŋʔ/ /*n̥aŋ-s/
English a short time a short time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4
No. 13594 13595
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰjaŋʔ/ /*qʰjaŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. short period of time

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. once upon time
  2. period of time

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hyang, sang) (hangeul , , revised hyang, sang, McCune–Reischauer hyang, sang)

  1. lean towards
  2. advance
  3. see, look at

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hướng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.