U+66CF, 曏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-66CF

[U+66CE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+66D0]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 72 +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 日女竹中 (AVHL), four-corner 60227, composition)

  1. once upon a time
  2. period of time
  3. toward
  4. direction
  5. trend
  6. shortly before, formerly
  7. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 500, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14195
  • Dae Jaweon: page 870, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1534, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+66CF

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰjaŋʔ, *qʰjaŋs, *qʰaŋʔ, *qʰaŋs
*qʰaŋ
*qʰaŋ
*qʰaŋ
*qʰaŋʔ
*qʰaŋʔ
*qʰaŋʔ, *qʰaŋs
*qʰaŋʔ, *qʰaŋs
*kʰraŋ

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Initial () (32) (26) (26) (32)
Final () (105) (105) (105) (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open
Division () III III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨɐŋX/ /ɕɨɐŋX/ /ɕɨɐŋH/ /hɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiɐŋX/ /ɕiɐŋX/ /ɕiɐŋH/ /hiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiɑŋX/ /ɕiɑŋX/ /ɕiɑŋH/ /xiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɨaŋX/ /ɕɨaŋX/ /ɕɨaŋH/ /hɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/xiaŋX/ /ɕiaŋX/ /ɕiaŋH/ /xiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/xĭaŋX/ /ɕĭaŋX/ /ɕĭaŋH/ /xĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯aŋX/ /ɕi̯aŋX/ /ɕi̯aŋH/ /xi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiǎng shǎng shàng xiàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǎng shàng xiǎng xiàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ syangX › ‹ syangH › ‹ xjangX › ‹ xjangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥aŋʔ/ /*n̥aŋ-s/ /*n̥aŋʔ/ (W dialect: *n̥- > MC x-) /*n̥aŋʔ-s/ (W dialect: *n̥- > MC x-)
English a short time a short time a short time a short time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
No. 13594 13595 13603 13604
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰjaŋʔ/ /*qʰjaŋs/ /*qʰaŋʔ/ /*qʰaŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. once upon time
  2. period of time

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hyang, sang) (hangeul , , revised hyang, sang, McCune-Reischauer hyang, sang)

  1. lean towards
  2. advance
  3. see, look at

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hướng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.