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U+5169, 兩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5169

[U+5168]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+516A]
U+F978, 兩
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F978

[U+F977]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F979]
See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 11 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一中月人 (MLBO), four-corner 10227, composition𠓜)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms especially “tael”

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raŋʔ
*raŋʔ, *raŋs
*raŋʔ
*raŋʔ, *raŋs
*raŋʔ
*raŋʔ
*raŋs

Two side by side. (OC *pqraŋʔ) was originally phonetic for (OC *raŋʔ, *raŋs). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Derivative: (OC *raŋs, “chariot”) (“paired > a set of wheels”).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • lâng - vernacular;
  • liōng - literary.
Note:
  • nn̄g/nňg/nō͘ - vernacular;
  • lióng - literary.
Note:
  • no6 - vernacular;
  • liang2 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (37)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/liɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/liaŋX/
Wang
Li
/lĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
liǎng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*p.raŋʔ/
English a pair

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 8054
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raŋʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. two
  2. some; few
  3. A surname​.
Usage notesEdit
SynonymsEdit
  • (èr, “two”)

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (37)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨɐŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɐŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/liɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɨaŋX/
Li
Rong
/liaŋX/
Wang
Li
/lĭaŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯aŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
liǎng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*p.raŋʔ/
English a pair

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 8054
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raŋʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. tael (a traditional unit of weight)
    1. (Mainland China) Short for 市兩市两 (“market tael, equal to 1/10 of a catty or 50 grams”).
    2. (Hong Kong) equal to 1/16 of a catty or 37.7994 grams
    3. (Taiwan) Short for 臺兩台两 (“Taiwanese tael, equal to 1/16 of a catty or 37.5 grams”).
  2. Short for 公兩公两 (“hectogram”).

Pronunciation 3Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (37)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/liɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/liaŋH/
Wang
Li
/lĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
liàng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 8061
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raŋs/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Original form of (liàng).

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. both

ReadingsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (also kyūjitai)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

Pronunciation 1Edit

(ryang) (hangeul , revised ryang, McCune-Reischauer ryang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Pronunciation 2Edit

(nyang) (hangeul , revised nyang, McCune-Reischauer nyang, Yale nyang)

  1. Hanja form? of , “a liang, a small unit of weight equivalent to about 40 g”.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lưỡng, lạng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.