U+690E, 椎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-690E

[U+690D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+690F]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 木人土 (DOG), four-corner 40914, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 536, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15024
  • Dae Jaweon: page 924, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1233, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+690E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “What relation is there between , , , and ?”)

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chuí - literary (“hammer,”);
  • zhuī - vernacular (“vertebra, shiitake, Castanopsis”).
  • Cantonese
  • Min Nan

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (11)
    Final () (18)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖˠiuɪ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖʷᵚi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡiuɪ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖjwi/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡjui/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡwi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱwi/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chuí
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chuí
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ drwij ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.druj/
    English hammer

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17716
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*dul/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. hammer, mallet
    2. vertebra
    3. shiitake
    4. genius Castanopsis

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    しい
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (しい) (shī (historical kana しひ)

    1. any tree of the genus Castanopsis

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɖˠiuɪ). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: thwoy) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 몽치 (mongchi chu))

    1. Hanja form? of (mallet).
    2. Hanja form? of ((anatomy) spine).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (chòi, choi, chuỳ, dùi, truy, chuy)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.