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See also:
U+63A8, 推
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-63A8

[U+63A7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+63A9]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 手人土 (QOG), four-corner 50014, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 439, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12284
  • Dae Jaweon: page 790, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1898, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+63A8

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lus, *rulʔ, *luls
*tuːl
*tuːl
*tuːls
*tʰuːl, *tʰjul
*tʰuːl, *tʰjul
*duːlʔ
*duːl
*stuːlʔ
*zluːl, *sʰluːl
*ŋreːl, *rulʔ
*dul
*dul
*tjul
*tjul
*kljul
*tjul
*sɢʷinʔ, *tjul
*djul
*djul

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰuːl, *tʰjul): semantic  (hand) + phonetic  (OC *tjul) – push with the hand.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • thui/chhui - literary;
  • ther/the/tu - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tʰuei⁵⁵/
    Harbin /tʰuei⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /tʰuei²¹/
    Jinan /tʰuei²¹³/
    Qingdao /tʰue²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /tʰuei²⁴/
    Xi'an /tʰuei²¹/
    Xining /tʰuɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /tʰuei⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /tʰuei³¹/
    Ürümqi /tʰuei⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /tʰei⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /tʰuei⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /tʰuei⁵⁵/
    Kunming /tʰuei⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /tʰuəi³¹/
    Hefei /tʰe²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /tʰuei¹¹/
    Pingyao /tʰuæ¹³/
    Hohhot /tʰuei³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /tʰe⁵³/
    Suzhou /tʰe̞⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /tʰui³³/
    Wenzhou /tʰai³³/
    Hui Shexian /tʰɛ³¹/
    Tunxi /tʰə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /tʰei³³/
    Xiangtan /tʰəi³³/
    Gan Nanchang /tʰui⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰui⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰøy⁵³/
    Nanning /tʰui⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /tʰøy⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰui⁵⁵/
    /tu⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰøy⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰo⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰui³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sui²³/
    /he²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (19) (6)
    Final () (16) (42)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () III I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃʰiuɪ/ /tʰuʌi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂʰʷi/ /tʰuoi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃʰjuɪ/ /tʰuɒi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂʰwi/ /tʰwəj/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃʰui/ /tʰuᴀi/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃʰwi/ /tʰuɒi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂʰwi/ /tʰuɑ̆i/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ch- tuī
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tuī
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ thwoj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tʰˤuj/
    English push away

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 17708 17724
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    𨌴
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tʰuːl/ /*tʰjul/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to push
    2. to postpone; to delay
    3. to prompt; to propel
    4. to infer; to deduce

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of (“to push”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Chengdu
    Min Nan Taipei

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (chu, toe) (hangeul , , McCune–Reischauer ch'u, t'oe, Yale chwu, thoy)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (suy, chui, thoi, thòi, thôi, tòi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.