U+63A8, 推
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-63A8

[U+63A7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+63A9]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 手人土 (QOG), four-corner 50014, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 439, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12284
  • Dae Jaweon: page 790, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1898, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+63A8

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lus, *rulʔ, *luls
*tuːl
*tuːl
*tuːls
*tʰuːl, *tʰjul
*tʰuːl, *tʰjul
*duːlʔ
*duːl
*stuːlʔ
*zluːl, *sʰluːl
*ŋreːl, *rulʔ
*dul
*dul
*tjul
*tjul
*kljul
*tjul
*sɢʷinʔ, *tjul
*djul
*djul

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰuːl, *tʰjul): semantic (hand) + phonetic (OC *tjul) – push with the hand.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • thui/chhui - literary;
  • ther/the/tu - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰuei⁵⁵/
Harbin /tʰuei⁴⁴/
Tianjin /tʰuei²¹/
Jinan /tʰuei²¹³/
Qingdao /tʰue²¹³/
Zhengzhou /tʰuei²⁴/
Xi'an /tʰuei²¹/
Xining /tʰuɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tʰuei⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /tʰuei³¹/
Ürümqi /tʰuei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /tʰei⁵⁵/
Chengdu /tʰuei⁵⁵/
Guiyang /tʰuei⁵⁵/
Kunming /tʰuei⁴⁴/
Nanjing /tʰuəi³¹/
Hefei /tʰe²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰuei¹¹/
Pingyao /tʰuæ¹³/
Hohhot /tʰuei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /tʰe⁵³/
Suzhou /tʰe̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /tʰui³³/
Wenzhou /tʰai³³/
Hui Shexian /tʰɛ³¹/
Tunxi /tʰə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /tʰei³³/
Xiangtan /tʰəi³³/
Gan Nanchang /tʰui⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /tʰui⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰøy⁵³/
Nanning /tʰui⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /tʰøy⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰui⁵⁵/
/tu⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰøy⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰo⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰui³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sui²³/
/he²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (19) (6)
Final () (16) (42)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃʰiuɪ/ /tʰuʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂʰʷi/ /tʰuoi/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰjuɪ/ /tʰuɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂʰwi/ /tʰwəj/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃʰui/ /tʰuᴀi/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃʰwi/ /tʰuɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂʰwi/ /tʰuɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ch- tuī
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tuī
Middle
Chinese
‹ thwoj ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰˤuj/
English push away

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 17708 17724
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
𨌴
Old
Chinese
/*tʰuːl/ /*tʰjul/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to push
  2. to postpone; to delay
  3. to prompt; to propel
  4. to infer; to deduce

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chu, toe) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer ch'u, t'oe, Yale chwu, thoy)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(suy, chui, thoi, thòi, thôi, tòi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.