See also: , , and
U+96B9, 隹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96B9

[U+96B8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96BA]
U+2FAB, ⾫
KANGXI RADICAL SHORT TAILED BIRD

[U+2FAA]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FAC]

Translingual edit

Stroke order (Sans-serif)
 
Stroke order
 
 
A short‐tailed bird

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 172, +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人土 (OG) or 難人土 (XOG), four-corner 20214/20215, composition (GHT) or (GHT) or 丿(JK))

  1. Kangxi radical #172, .

Usage notes edit

This character is used mostly as a character component. Note that, in Japanese and Korean scripts, the dot stroke () atop the radical (隹) is written from top-right to bottom-left (instead of top-left to bottom-right) as found in the Kangxi dictionary.

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1364, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41937
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1867, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4090, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+96B9

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
2nd round simp. ⿰亻⿻二乚

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形) : a short‐tailed bird (e.g. a sparrow). Compare .

Etymology edit

Perhaps from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *twil; compare Tibetan མཆིལ་པ (mchil pa, a little bird) (Schuessler, 2007).

Cognate with (OC *sɢʷinʔ, *tjul) "a kind of bird (turtle-dove?)" > (OC *tjul) "horse of that bird's color > horse of mixed grey and white color".

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (16)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter tsywij
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiuɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʷi/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjuɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cwi/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕui/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕwi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕwi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhuī
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zeoi1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhuī
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsywij ›
Old
Chinese
/*tur/
English a kind of bird

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17718
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjul/

Definitions edit

  1. short-tailed bird
  2. Original form of (wéi, “to be”).

Compounds edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. bird

Readings edit

Pronunciation edit

Kanji in this term
ふるとり
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Noun edit

(ふるとり) (furutori

  1. the name of the "old bird" radical (), e.g.

Note edit

  • It is called "old" bird because it is contained in the character ""(old), to distinguish it from other bird radicals (, ).

References edit

  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eum (chu))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: chuy

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.