See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
誰-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(speak) + phonetic  – to ask “who?”.

Han characterEdit

(radical 149 +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 卜口人土 (YROG), four-corner 00614, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1165, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35686
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1630, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3987, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+8AB0

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂei³⁵/
/ʂuei³⁵/
Harbin /ʂei²⁴/
/ʂuei²⁴/
Tianjin /sei⁴⁵/
/suei⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʂuei⁴²/
/ʂei⁴²/
Qingdao /ʂe⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂuei⁴²/
/ʂei⁴²/
Xi'an /sei²⁴/
Xining /fɨ²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂuei⁵³/
Lanzhou /fei⁵³/
Ürümqi /sei⁵¹/
Wuhan /suei²¹³/
Chengdu /suei³¹/
Guiyang /suei²¹/
Kunming /suei³¹/
Nanjing /ʂuəi²⁴/
Hefei /ʂue⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /sei¹¹/
/suei¹¹/
Pingyao /suei¹³/
Hohhot /suei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zø¹³/
Suzhou /ze̞¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷei²¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕye⁴⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ɕyei¹³/
Xiangtan /ɕyəi¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /sui¹¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /søy²¹/
Nanning /sui²¹/
Hong Kong /søy²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sui³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suoi⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sui⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdiaŋ³³/ 訓讀
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (25)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiuɪ/ /ʑwi/ /ʑui/ /d͡ʑʷi/ /d͡ʑwi/ /ʑwi/ /d͡ʑjuɪ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17725 2 /*djul/

PronounEdit

  1. who; whom; whose
  2. someone, anyone
  3. anyone, whoever

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 2Edit

From elision of 啥人 (siáⁿ-lâng).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


PronounEdit

  1. (Min Nan) who; whom; whose

Etymology 3Edit

From elision of 底人 (tī-lâng).

PronunciationEdit


PronounEdit

  1. (Min Nan, Kinmen, Magong, Teochew) who; whom; whose

Etymology 4Edit

From shortening of 是誰是谁 (chī-chūi), from 是誰是谁 (sī-sûi).

PronunciationEdit


PronounEdit

  1. (Min Nan, Xiamen, Quanzhou) who; whom; whose

Etymology 5Edit

From shortening of 是誰是谁 (chī-choa̍h), from 是誰啊是谁啊 (sī-sûi--ah).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


PronounEdit

  1. (Min Nan, Zhangzhou, Taichung) who; whom; whose

Related termsEdit

Question words


JapaneseEdit

PronounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ta)

  1. interrogative personal pronoun; who

PronounEdit

‎(hiragana たれ, romaji tare)

  1. interrogative personal pronoun; who
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 614)
      Tare. タレ (誰) 誰. 例, Tarega maittaca. l, tareca maitta. (誰が参つたか. まはは, 誰か参つた) 誰が来たか. Tare naritomo. (誰なりとも) 誰であろうとも.

EtymologyEdit

From earlier /tare/. The voicing of the initial /t-/ to /d-/ is likely due to analogy to the interrogative demonstrative 何処 ‎(doko).

PronounEdit

‎(hiragana だれ, romaji dare)

  1. interrogative personal pronoun; who

SynonymsEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. interrogative personal pronoun; who

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thùy, thuỳ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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