See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
誰-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djul): semantic  ‎(speak) + phonetic  ‎(OC *tjul) – to ask “who?”.

Han characterEdit

(radical 149 +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 卜口人土 (YROG), four-corner 00614, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1165, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35686
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1630, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3987, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+8AB0

ChineseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂei³⁵/
/ʂuei³⁵/
Harbin /ʂei²⁴/
/ʂuei²⁴/
Tianjin /sei⁴⁵/
/suei⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʂuei⁴²/
/ʂei⁴²/
Qingdao /ʂe⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂuei⁴²/
/ʂei⁴²/
Xi'an /sei²⁴/
Xining /fɨ²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂuei⁵³/
Lanzhou /fei⁵³/
Ürümqi /sei⁵¹/
Wuhan /suei²¹³/
Chengdu /suei³¹/
Guiyang /suei²¹/
Kunming /suei³¹/
Nanjing /ʂuəi²⁴/
Hefei /ʂue⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /sei¹¹/
/suei¹¹/
Pingyao /suei¹³/
Hohhot /suei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zø²³/
Suzhou /ze̞¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷei²¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕye⁴⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ɕyei¹³/
Xiangtan /ɕyəi¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /sui¹¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /søy²¹/
Nanning /sui²¹/
Hong Kong /søy²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sui³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suoi⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sui⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdiaŋ³³/ 訓讀

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (16)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiuɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑʷi/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjuɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑwi/
Li
Rong
/ʑui/
Wang
Li
/ʑwi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑwi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chuí
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17725
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djul/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. who; whom; whose
  2. someone, anyone
  3. anyone, whoever
  4. A surname​.

Etymology 2Edit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

From elision of 啥人 (siáⁿ-lâng).

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Min Nan) who; whom; whose

Etymology 3Edit

trad.
simp.

From elision of 底人 (tī-lâng).

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Kinmen, Magong and Teochew Min Nan) who; whom; whose

Etymology 4Edit

trad.
simp.

From shortening of 是誰是谁 (chī-chūi), from 是誰是谁 (sī-sûi).

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Xiamen and Quanzhou Min Nan) who; whom; whose

Etymology 5Edit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms (chiâ)
(chôa)

From shortening of 是誰是谁 (chī-choa̍h), from 是誰啊是谁啊 (sī-sûi--ah).

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Zhangzhou and Taichung Min Nan) who; whom; whose

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of ("who; whom")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical 誰人何人
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 哪個啥個
Chengdu 哪個啥子人
Yangzhou 哪一個哪個
Hefei 哪個哈個
Cantonese Guangzhou 邊個乜誰
Hong Kong 邊個乜誰
Taishan 阿誰
Yangjiang 乜誰
Gan Nanchang 哪個
Hakka Meixian 麼人
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 麼人麼儕
Liudui (S. Sixian) 麼人麼儕
Hsinchu (Hailu) 麼人麼儕
Dongshi (Dabu) 麼人麼儕
Taiwanese Raoping 麼人麼儕
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 麼儕
Jin Taiyuan 誰們
Min Bei Jian'ou 孰人
Min Dong Fuzhou 底人
Min Nan Quanzhou 是誰啥人
Xiamen 是誰啥人啥物人什物人底人
Zhangzhou 是誰啥人
Taipei 啥物人
Kaohsiung 啥物人
Tainan 啥物人
Taichung 啥人
Yilan 啥人
Lukang 啥物人
Sanxia 啥人
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu 啥物人
Malaysia 誰誰誰誰人是誰
Chaozhou 底人
Wu Shanghai 啥人
Suzhou 啥人
Wenzhou 何人何呢人
Xiang Changsha 哪個
Shuangfeng 哪個

Related termsEdit

Question words


JapaneseEdit

PronounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ta)

  1. interrogative personal pronoun; who

PronounEdit

‎(hiragana たれ, romaji tare)

  1. interrogative personal pronoun; who
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 614)
      Tare. タレ (誰) 誰. 例, Tarega maittaca. l, tareca maitta. (誰が参つたか. まはは, 誰か参つた) 誰が来たか. Tare naritomo. (誰なりとも) 誰であろうとも.

EtymologyEdit

From earlier /tare/. The voicing of the initial /t-/ to /d-/ is likely due to analogy to the interrogative demonstrative 何処 ‎(doko).

PronounEdit

‎(hiragana だれ, romaji dare)

  1. interrogative personal pronoun; who

SynonymsEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. interrogative personal pronoun; who

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thùy, thuỳ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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