標準

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
the topmost branches of a tree; surface; sign; to mark; (outward) sign; indication; prize; award; bid
accurate; standard
trad. (標準/標准) /
simp. (标准)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/2
Initial () (1) (23)
Final () (91) (47)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/piᴇu/ /t͡ɕiuɪnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/piɛu/ /t͡ɕʷinX/
Shao
Rongfen
/pjæu/ /t͡ɕjuenX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/piaw/ /cwinX/
Li
Rong
/piɛu/ /t͡ɕiuĕnX/
Wang
Li
/pĭɛu/ /t͡ɕĭuĕnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯ɛu/ /t͡ɕi̯uĕnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
biāo zhǔn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǔn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsywinX ›
Old
Chinese
/*turʔ/
English water-level

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/2
No. 9742 12189
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pew/ /*qʷjinʔ/

NounEdit

標準

  1. standard; criterion
    法定標準 / 法定标准  ―  fǎdìng biāozhǔn  ―  legal standard
    評分標準 / 评分标准  ―  píngfēn biāozhǔn  ―  scoring criteria
    合乎標準 / 合乎标准  ―  héhū biāozhǔn  ―  to conform to the standard
    統一標準 / 统一标准  ―  tǒngyī biāozhǔn  ―  to unify standards

AdjectiveEdit

標準

  1. standard
    標準普通話 / 标准普通话  ―  biāozhǔn de pǔtōnghuà  ―  standard Mandarin

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (標準):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ひょう
Grade: 4
じゅん
Grade: 5
on'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

標準 ‎(hiragana ひょうじゅん, romaji hyōjun)

  1. standard, level, the mark, norm

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
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