U+5BB5, 宵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BB5

[U+5BB4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BB6]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

Stroke order
 

(radical 40, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十火月 (JFB), four-corner 30227, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 286, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7168
  • Dae Jaweon: page 566, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 932, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5BB5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
     

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (91)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇu/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛu/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjæu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/siaw/
Li
Rong
/siɛu/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiāo
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjew ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ew/
English night, evening

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13740
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sew/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. night, evening

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
よい
Grade: S
kun’yomi

⟨yo2pi1 → */jəpʲi//joɸi//jowi//joi/

From Old Japanese.

Appears to be derived from a compound, the initial yo is likely from a y- stem cognate with (, evening), while the final i is likely from (hi, day). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

PronuciationEdit

NounEdit

(よい) (yoi (historical kana よひ)

  1. the hours after sunset until midnight, collectively: dusk, evening, and night
    Synonyms: 初夜 (shoya), 夜間 (yakan), (yo, yoru)
  2. the eve of an event, especially of a festival
Derived termsEdit
ProverbsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: S
on’yomi

/seu//ɕeu//ɕoː/

From Middle Chinese (MC siᴇu).

AffixEdit

(しょう) (shō (historical kana せう)

  1. night
  2. time after sunset until midnight
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(so) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer so)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Old JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Appears to be derived from a compound, the initial yo2 is likely from a y- stem cognate with (yupu, evening), while the final pi1 is likely from (pi1, day). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

NounEdit

(yo2pi1) (kana よひ)

  1. the hours after sunset until midnight, collectively: dusk, evening, and night

CitationsEdit

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:宵.

Derived termsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: (yoi)

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tiêu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.