See also: and
U+6E96, 準
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6E96

[U+6E95]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6E97]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 水土十 (EGJ), four-corner 30401, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 639, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17934
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1046, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1700, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6E96

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʷjinʔ, *qʷjed): semantic (water) + phonetic (OC *sqʰʷinʔ).

Original meaning was “water level”.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (23) (23)
Final () (47) (82)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiuɪnX/ /t͡ɕiuᴇt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʷinX/ /t͡ɕʷiɛt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjuenX/ /t͡ɕjuæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cwinX/ /cwiat̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiuĕnX/ /t͡ɕiuɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭuĕnX/ /t͡ɕĭuɛt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯uĕnX/ /t͡ɕi̯wɛt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǔn zhuo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zeon2 zyut3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǔn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsywinX ›
Old
Chinese
/*turʔ/
English water-level

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12189 12190
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʷjinʔ/ /*qʷjed/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. standard; criterion; norm
  2. accurate; exact
  3. certainly; surely
  4. quasi-; pene-; para-

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. conform
  2. semi-, quasi-
  3. correspond to
  4. proportionate to
  5. imitate

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(ひとし) (Hitoshi

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕiuɪnX).

Historical readings

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕu(ː)n]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 준할 (junhal jun))

  1. Hanja form? of (standard).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕiuᴇt̚).

Historical readings

PronunciationEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 마루 (konmaru jeol))

  1. (archaic) Hanja form? of (nose bridge).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: chuẩn, choán, chốn, chủn, trúng, trốn

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.