See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
欒-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *b·roːn): phonetic  + semantic .

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +19, 23 strokes, cangjie input 女火木 (VFD), four-corner 22904, composition)

  1. name of a tree (Koelreuteria paniculata)
  2. a part of a cornice
  3. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 564, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15947
  • Dae Jaweon: page 953, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1324, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+6B12

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/lʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/luɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lwan/
Li
Rong
/luɑn/
Wang
Li
/luɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
luán luán
Middle
Chinese
‹ lwan › ‹ lwan ›
Old
Chinese
/*[m]ə.rˤon/ /*[r]ˤo[n]/
English corners of the rim of an oval bell emaciated, worn

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8616
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*b·roːn/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit

  • in CEDICT on MDBG

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ran, nan) (hangeul , , revised ran, nan, McCune-Reischauer ran, nan, Yale lan, nan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(loan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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