See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
欒-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic .

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +19, 23 strokes, cangjie input 女火木 (VFD), four-corner 22904, composition)

  1. name of a tree (Koelreuteria paniculata)
  2. a part of a cornice
  3. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 564, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15947
  • Dae Jaweon: page 953, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1324, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+6B12

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/luɑn/ /luɑn/ /luɑn/ /lʷɑn/ /lwan/ /luɑn/ /luɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
luán ‹ lwan › /*[m]ə.rˤon/ corners of the rim of an oval bell
luán ‹ lwan › /*[r]ˤo[n]/ emaciated, worn

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8616 3 /*b·roːn/ 金文作

DefinitionsEdit

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ReferencesEdit

  • in CEDICT on MDBG

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ran, nan) (hangeul , , revised ran, nan, McCune-Reischauer ran, nan, Yale lan, nan)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(loan)

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