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See also:
U+470C, 䜌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-470C

[U+470B]
CJK Unified Ideographs Extension A
[U+470D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Literally: silk + speech + silk?!”

Han characterEdit

(radical 149 +12, 19 strokes, cangjie input 女火卜口火 (VFYRF), composition糸)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
mroːn
mroːnʔ
prons
b·roːn
b·roːn
b·roːn
b·roːn
b·roːn
b·roːn, *b·ronʔ
b·roːn
b·roːn, *b·ron, *b·rons
b·roːn, *b·roːns, *b·rons
b·roːn
b·roːn
孿 smroːns, *smrons
qroːn
qroːn
b·ron
b·ronʔ, *b·rons
b·rons
pʰlons, *klons

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (37) (37) (37)
Final () (62) (78) (78)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed Closed
Division () I III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luɑn/ /liuᴇn/ /liuᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/lʷɑn/ /lʷiɛn/ /lʷiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/luɑn/ /ljuæn/ /ljuænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lwan/ /lwian/ /lwianH/
Li
Rong
/luɑn/ /liuɛn/ /liuɛnH/
Wang
Li
/luɑn/ /lĭwɛn/ /lĭwɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luɑn/ /li̯wɛn/ /li̯wɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luán luán luàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
luán
Middle
Chinese
‹ lwan ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə.rˤo[n]/
English harness bells

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 8620 8629 8635
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*b·roːn/ /*b·ron/ /*b·rons/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. chaotic
  2. orderly
  3. continuous

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ryeon>yeon) (hangeul >, revised ryeon>yeon, McCune-Reischauer ryŏn>yŏn, Yale lyen>yen)

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