Chinese

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river south
simp. and trad.
(河南)
anagram 南河
Literally: “south of the river”.
 
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Etymology

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“Henan”
So named as it (largely) lies on the south of the Yellow River.

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (33) (8)
Final () (94) (159)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Baxter ha nom
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑ/ /nʌm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑ/ /nəm/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑ/ /nɒm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦa/ /nəm/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑ/ /nᴀm/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑ/ /nɒm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑ/ /năm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nán
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ho4 naam4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nán
Middle
Chinese
‹ ha › ‹ nom ›
Old
Chinese
/*[C.ɡ]ˁaj/ /*nˁ[ə]m/
English river south

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 7459 9355
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaːl/ /*nuːm/

Proper noun

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河南

  1. () Henan (a province of China; capital: Zhengzhou)
  2. (historical) region south of the Yellow River
  3. Henan (former district in Guangzhou south of the Pearl River)
  4. () Hà Nam (a province of Vietnam)
  5. (, 蒙古族自治縣) Henan (a Mongolian Autonomous County in Huangnan, Qinghai, China)

Coordinate terms

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (河南):

Others:

Japanese

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Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
なん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Orthographic borrowing from Chinese 河南 (Hénán).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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()(なん) (Kanan

  1. Henan (a province of China; capital: Zhengzhou)
  2. The region south to the Yellow River, China.

Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
かわ
Grade: 5

Grade: 2
yutōyomi
Kanji in this term
かわ
Grade: 5
みなみ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Kanji in this term
かわ
Grade: 5
なみ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi nanori

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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  • (Tokyo) わみなみ [kàwámíꜜnàmì] (Nakadaka – [3])
  • IPA(key): [ka̠ɰᵝa̠mʲina̠mʲi]
  • IPA(key): [ka̠ɰᵝa̠na̠mʲi]

Proper noun

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()(なん) (Kanan

  1. Kanan (a town in Osaka Prefecture, Japan)
  2. Kanan (neighborhoods in Japan):
    1. A neighborhood of Miyako, Iwate Prefecture.
    2. A neighborhood of Imabari, Ehime Prefecture.
    3. A neighborhood of Fuchū, Hiroshima Prefecture.

(かわ)() (Kawanaかはな (kafana)?

  1. a surname

(かわ)(みなみ) (Kawaminamiかはみなみ (kafaminami)?

  1. Kawaminami (a neighborhood of Kaga, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan)

(かわ)(なみ) (Kawanamiかはなみ (kafanami)?

  1. Kawanami (a neighborhood of Maibara, Shiga Prefecture, Japan)

Korean

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Hanja in this term

Proper noun

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河南 (Hanam) (hangeul 하남)

  1. Hanja form? of 하남 (Henan).

Vietnamese

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chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Proper noun

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河南

  1. chữ Hán form of Hà Nam (Henan; Hà Nam).

References

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