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U+6CF0, 泰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CF0

[U+6CEF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CF1]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 手大水 (QKE), four-corner 50132, composition𡗗)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 618, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17325
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1013, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1577, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6CF0

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰaːds): semantic  + semantic  + phonetic  (OC *daːds, *daːds). Current form is instead 𡗗 + .

EtymologyEdit

Same word as (OC *tʰaːds, “great; greatest; excessive”); both are derived from (OC *daːds, *daːds, “big”).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • thoà - vernacular;
  • thài - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰai⁵¹/
Harbin /tʰai⁵³/
Tianjin /tʰai⁵³/
Jinan /tʰɛ²¹/
Qingdao /tʰɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /tʰai³¹²/
Xi'an /tʰai⁴⁴/
Xining /tʰɛ²¹³/
Yinchuan /tʰɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /tʰɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /tʰai²¹³/
Wuhan /tʰai³⁵/
Chengdu /tʰai¹³/
Guiyang /tʰai²¹³/
Kunming /tʰæ²¹²/
Nanjing /tʰae⁴⁴/
Hefei /tʰe̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /tʰæ³⁵/
Hohhot /tʰɛ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /tʰa³⁵/
Suzhou /tʰɑ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /tʰe̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /tʰa⁴²/
Hui Shexian /tʰa³²⁴/
Tunxi /tʰa⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /tʰai⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /tʰai⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /tʰai²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /tʰai⁵³/
Taoyuan /tʰɑi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰai³³/
Nanning /tʰai³³/
Hong Kong /tʰai³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰai²¹/
/tʰua²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰuɛ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰai²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hai³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (25)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰɑiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰɑiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰajH/
Li
Rong
/tʰɑiH/
Wang
Li
/tʰɑiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tài
Middle
Chinese
‹ thajH ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ˤa[t]-s/
English great

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12313
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰaːds/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. big; large
  2. great; extensive
  3. extreme; greatest
  4. exalted; honourable; superior
  5. good; excellent
  6. safe; peaceful; stable
  7. excessively; overly
  8. 11th hexagram of the I Ching
  9. Short for 泰國泰国 (Tàiguó, “Thailand”).
  10. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. peaceful, calm
  2. Thailand

ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana やすし, rōmaji Yasushi)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana たい, katakana タイ, rōmaji Tai)

  1. Thailand

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(tae) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thái)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.