See also: , , and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Current form roughly 𡗗 + , though lower component only has two horizontal strokes.

Han characterEdit

(radical 37 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 手大手 (QKQ), four-corner 50503)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 251, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5894
  • Dae Jaweon: page 511, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 531, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5949

See alsoEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fəŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /fəŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /fəŋ⁵³/
Jinan /fəŋ²¹/
Qingdao /fəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /fəŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /fəŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /fə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /fəŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /fə̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /fɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /foŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /foŋ¹³/
Guiyang /foŋ²¹³/
Kunming /foŋ²¹²/
Nanjing /fən⁴⁴/
Hefei /fəŋ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /fəŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /xuŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /fə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /voŋ²³/
Suzhou /voŋ³¹/
Hangzhou /voŋ¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦoŋ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /fʌ̃²²/
Tunxi /fan⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /xoŋ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ɸən⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /fuŋ²¹/
Hakka Meixian /fuŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /fuŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /foŋ²²/
Nanning /fuŋ²²/
Hong Kong /foŋ²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔŋ²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /houŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xɔŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hoŋ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /foŋ³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨoŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/bioŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/bioŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buawŋX/
Li
Rong
/bioŋX/
Wang
Li
/bĭwoŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯woŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fèng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fèng fèng
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjowngX › ‹ phjowngX ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-pʰ(r)oŋʔ/ /*pʰ(r)oŋʔ/
English present (v.) with both hands hold with both hands; to present; receive

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3239
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*boŋʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to offer (tribute)
  2. receive
  3. serve
  4. to respect

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bong) (hangeul , revised bong, McCune-Reischauer pong)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phụng, vụng)

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