Chinese

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phonetic
trad. (琉球)
simp. #(琉球)
alternative forms 流求 legend
琉求 legend
留求 legend
瑠求 legend
 
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Etymology

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First attested in 《隋書》 (636) as 流求 (MC ljuw gjuw). Further origin unknown.

Pronunciation

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Note: Liû-khiû - especially the island and township.

Proper noun

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琉球

  1. (historical) Liuqiu, Lieuchieu (a legendary kingdom east of medieval China variously placed in the Okinawa, Taiwan, or the Penghu Islands)
  2. Ryukyu, Ryūkyū (an archipelago in Japan)
  3. () Liuqiu (an island in Pingtung County, Taiwan)
    Synonym: 小琉球 (Xiǎoliúqiú)
  4. () Liuqiu (a township in Pingtung County, Taiwan)

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (琉球):

Others:

Japanese

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Kanji in this term
りゅう
Jinmeiyō
きゅう
Grade: 3
kan’on

Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Middle Chinese 流求.

First attested to a text in roughly 835 CE.[1]

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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(りゅう)(きゅう) (Ryūkyūりうきう (riukiu)?

  1. Ryukyu
  2. Liuqiu Island, Taiwan
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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琉球(じゅきゅ) or 琉球(じきゅ) or 琉球(じく) or 琉球(ぢき) (Jukyu or Jikyu or Jiku or Jiki

  1. (Kagoshima) Ryukyu; Ryukyu Islands

Further reading

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References

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  1. ^ Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN

Okinawan

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Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Grade: 3

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ɾuːt͡ɕuː/, /duːt͡ɕuː/, /luːt͡ɕuː/

Proper noun

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琉球(るーちゅー) or 琉球(どぅーちゅー) (Rūchū or Dūchū

  1. Ryukyu, pertaining to the Ryukyu Islands or the former Ryukyu Kingdom

References

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Vietnamese

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chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun

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琉球

  1. chữ Hán form of lưu cầu (jade-inlaid sword).

Proper noun

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琉球

  1. chữ Hán form of Lưu Cầu (Ryukyu).