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See also:
U+8239, 船
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8239

[U+8238]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+823A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

The top-right part can be either or , depending on the script; Japanese: , Chinese: ; see Han unification

Han characterEdit

(radical 137 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹卜金口 (HYCR) or 竹卜竹弓口 (HYHNR), four-corner 28460, composition)

  1. ship, boat, vessel

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1010, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30407
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1468, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3060, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8239

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series (沿) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɦljon
*ɦljon
沿 *lon
*lon
*kljoŋ, *lon

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦljon): semantic  (boat) + phonetic  (OC *lon).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chûn - vernacular;
  • soân - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuan³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuan²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰuan⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰuan⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuã⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰuã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuan⁴²/
Xi'an /p͡fʰã²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuan⁵³/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuan⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰuan²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰuan³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰuan²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰuã̠³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰuaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰʊ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰʰuæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zø²³/
Suzhou /zø¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷõ²¹³/
Wenzhou /jy³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰye⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕyɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕyẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡ʑyẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sɵn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /son¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃon¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /syn²¹/
Nanning /syn²¹/
Hong Kong /syn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /suan³⁵/
/t͡sun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /yiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡suŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tun³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (27)
Final () (78)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑiuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑʷiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑjuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑwian/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiuɛn/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shuán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ zywen ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.lo[n]/
English boat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14278
Phonetic
component
沿
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljon/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ship; boat; vessel (Classifier: m;  m;  m)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. ship, vessel, large ship

ReadingsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
ふね
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ふね, rōmaji fune)

  1. ship, vessel, larger ship
See alsoEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ふな
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ふな, rōmaji funa)

  1. ship, vessel, larger ship
See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn, Yale sen)

  1. ship, boat, vessel

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thuyền)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.