Alternative forms Edit
The top-right part can be either
八 or 几, depending on the script; Japanese: 船, Chinese: 船; see Han unification
Han character Edit
船 ( radical 137, 舟+5, 11 strokes, 竹卜金口 ( cangjie input HYCR) or 竹卜竹弓口 ( HYHNR), four-corner 2846, 0 ⿰ composition 舟 㕣)
page 1010, character 17 Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30407
Dae Jaweon: page 1468, character 15
Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3060, character 1
Unihan data for U+8239
Glyph origin Edit
Phono-semantic compound (
, 形聲 ): semantic OC *ɦljon 舟 ( “ boat ” ) + phonetic 㕣 ( OC *lon ).
Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-lawŋ ( “ boat ” ). Compare Burmese လောင်း ( laung:, “ long and narrow boat ” ).
Sagart (1999) interprets Old Chinese
( 船 ) as a nominal derivate of the verb OC *ɦljon ( 沿 , “to go downstream a river”). The OC *lon states the this word was commonly used in western China, but, by Han times, it had completely desplaced the earlier Fangyan ( 舟 ), used in central and eastern China.
Alternatively, the Proto-Sino-Tibetan root could be a loan from
Proto-Mon-Khmer *d₂lu(u)ŋ ~ *d₂l(u)əŋ ( “ boat ” ), whence Mon ဂၠုၚ် ( klɜ̀ŋ, “ canoe, small boat ” ), perhaps a derivate of Proto-Mon-Khmer *luŋh ~ *luuŋh ~ *ləŋh ( “ to hollow, excavate, bore ” ), see Khmer លុង ( lung, “ to dig a hole ” ) and Vietnamese trũng ( “ concave ” ) (Sidwell, 2006; Schuessler, 2007).
watercraft; vessel (including ships, boats, sailing ships, hovercrafts; sometimes including submarines) ( Classifier: ／ 條 条 ; m 艘 ; m ／ 隻 只 ) m any objects with shapes of functions simiar to watercraft
alcohol cup to carry by watercraft
button A surname.