See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(blow)

Han characterEdit

(radical 76 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 金口弓人 (CRNO), four-corner 87682, composition)

  1. to desire, want, long for
  2. intend

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 567, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16080
  • Dae Jaweon: page 956, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2140, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6B32

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
Harbin /y⁵³/
Tianjin /y⁵³/
Jinan /y²¹/
Qingdao /y⁴²/
Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
Xi'an /y²¹/
Xining /y⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /y¹³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y²¹³/
Wuhan /iəu²¹³/
Chengdu /yo³¹/
/y¹³/
Guiyang /iu²¹/
Kunming /iu³¹/
Nanjing /ʐuʔ⁵/
Hefei /yəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /yəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦioʔ¹/
/ɦyɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦioʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦyəʔ²/
Wenzhou /jo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /iuʔ²¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ʐəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /iəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /iuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ʒot̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚²/
Nanning /juk̚²²/
Hong Kong /jok̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zok̚⁵/
/hau³⁵/ 訓好
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (36)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨok̚/ /i̯wok̚/ /iok̚/ /jiok̚/ /juawk̚/ /jĭwok̚/ /iok̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yowk › /*ɢ(r)ok/ desire (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4303 0 /*loɡ/

NounEdit

  1. wish, desire

VerbEdit

  1. to wish, to desire, to want
      ―  Gōng shàn qí shì, bì xiān lì qí qì.  ―  If a workman wishes to do a good job, he must first sharpen his tools.
    閣下電郵聯絡政府資訊中心透過網頁XYZ傳送問題 [MSC, trad.]
    阁下电邮联络政府资讯中心透过网页XYZ传送问题 [MSC, simp.]
    Rú géxià yǐ diànyóu liánluò zhèngfǔ zīxùn zhōngxīn, qǐng tòuguò wǎngyè: XYZ chuánsòng wèntí. [Pinyin]
    Please send your enquiries and suggestions to the Public Information Centre by email via the homepage: XYZ.

AdverbEdit

  1. about to

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
Harbin /y⁵³/
Tianjin /y⁵³/
Jinan /y²¹/
Qingdao /y⁴²/
Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
Xi'an /y²¹/
Xining /y⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /y¹³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y²¹³/
Wuhan /iəu²¹³/
Chengdu /yo³¹/
/y¹³/
Guiyang /iu²¹/
Kunming /iu³¹/
Nanjing /ʐuʔ⁵/
Hefei /yəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /yəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦioʔ¹/
/ɦyɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦioʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦyəʔ²/
Wenzhou /jo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /iuʔ²¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ʐəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /iəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /iuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ʒot̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚²/
Nanning /juk̚²²/
Hong Kong /jok̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zok̚⁵/
/hau³⁵/ 訓好

VerbEdit

  1. to want
    圖書館 / 图书馆 [Min Nan]  ―  beh kah góa khì tô͘-su-koán bô? [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  Do you want to go to the library with me?

AdverbEdit

  1. about to
    落雨出去收衫 [Min Nan, trad.]
    落雨出去收衫 [Min Nan, simp.]
    Beh lo̍h-hō͘--ah, lán tio̍h chhut-khì siu-saⁿ. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]
    It's about to rain! Let's go out to bring in the laundry.

ConjunctionEdit

  1. if
    較早 / 较早 [Min Nan]  ―  Beh góa, góa tō ē khah-chá khùn. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  If I were you, I would've slept earlier.

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

This character was sometimes used to phonetically transcribe the Old Japanese word for “night” (yo). [cf. Manyōshū : 4134]

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yok)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: yok, McCune-Reischauer: yok, Yale: yok)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(dục, giục)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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