See also:
U+6B32, 欲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B32

[U+6B31]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B33]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 76, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 金口弓人 (CRNO), four-corner 87682, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 567, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16080
  • Dae Jaweon: page 956, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2140, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6B32

Chinese edit

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *loɡ): phonetic (OC *ɦkroːɡ, *kloːɡ, *ɡ·loːɡ) + semantic .

Etymology 1 edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𡟔

Sino-Tibetan. Compare Burmese လို (lui, to want; to desire) (Schuessler, 2007).

Alternatively, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-ju(w) (to ask; to request), whence Tibetan ཞུ (zhu, to request) (ibid.).

Pronunciation edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
Harbin /y⁵³/
Tianjin /y⁵³/
Jinan /y²¹/
Qingdao /y⁴²/
Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
Xi'an /y²¹/
Xining /y⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /y¹³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y²¹³/
Wuhan /iəu²¹³/
Chengdu /yo³¹/
/y¹³/
Guiyang /iu²¹/
Kunming /iu³¹/
Nanjing /ʐuʔ⁵/
Hefei /yəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /yəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦioʔ¹/
/ɦyɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦioʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦyəʔ²/
Wenzhou /jo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /iuʔ²¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ʐəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /iəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /iuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ʒot̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚²/
Nanning /juk̚²²/
Hong Kong /jok̚²/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /iɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iok̚⁵/
Haikou (Hainanese) /zok̚⁵/
/hau³⁵/ 訓好

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter yowk
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/iok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juawk̚/
Li
Rong
/iok̚/
Wang
Li
/jĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
juk6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ yowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢ(r)ok/
English desire (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4303
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*loɡ/

Definitions edit

  1. wish; desire
    口腹之  ―  kǒufùzhī  ―  desire to eat
    控制  ―  kòngzhì   ―  desire to control
    權力权力  ―  quánlì   ―  desire for power
  2. to wish; to desire; to want
  3. about to
    搖搖摇摇  ―  yáoyáozhuì  ―  tottering (literally, “shaking or swaying as if about to collapse”)

Compounds edit

Etymology 2 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“desire; lust”).
(This character is the simplified and variant traditional form of ).
Notes:

Etymology 3 edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
 



Min Dong
Min Dong



Min Dong
Min Dong
Hainanese

From the grammaticalization of (OC *pad, “to send out; to go forth; to proceed”) (Tu, 2017).

Pronunciation edit

Definitions edit

  1. (Min Dong, Hokkien, Hainanese) to want (to do)
    圖書館 [Hokkien, trad.]
    图书馆 [Hokkien, simp.]
    beh kah góa khì tô͘-su-koán bô? [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]
    Do you want to go to the library with me?
  2. (Min Dong, Hokkien) about to
    落雨出去收衫 [Hokkien, trad.]
    落雨出去收衫 [Hokkien, simp.]
    Beh lo̍h-hō͘--ah, lán tio̍h chhut-khì siu-saⁿ. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]
    It's about to rain! Let's go out to bring in the laundry.
  3. (Hokkien, Hainanese) if
    較早 [Hokkien, trad.]
    较早 [Hokkien, simp.]
    Beh góa, góa tō ē khah-chá khùn. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]
    If I were you, I would've slept earlier.
Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

Hokkien

Etymology 4 edit

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation edit


Definitions edit

  1. (Min Dong, Min Nan) Alternative form of
    1. (Min Dong, Hokkien) to like
    2. (Teochew) to want (an object)
    3. (Min Dong, Hokkien, Teochew) to want (to do); to wish
    4. (Hokkien, Teochew) to need to; must
    5. (Teochew) about to
    6. (Min Dong, Hokkien) to be prone; to be easy to

See also edit

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. want

Readings edit

Usage notes edit

This character was sometimes used to phonetically transcribe the Old Japanese word for “night” (yo). [cf. Manyōshū : 4134]

Compounds edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
よく
Grade: 6
Alternative spelling

Attested from the thirteenth century.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(よく) (yoku

  1. desire, a want, that which is wanted
    Synonym: 欲望 (yokubō)
    (よく)()うと
    yoku o iu to
    ideally; if one were to ask for one's desire
  2. greed, avarice
    Synonym: 強欲 (gōyoku)
    (よく)(かたまり)
    yoku no katamari
    greed incarnate; a lump of avarice
  3. ambition, will
    Synonym: 意欲 (iyoku)
    (よく)()
    yoku o dase
    aim high; show ambition

References edit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 바랄 (baral yok))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: dục, giục

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.