See also:
U+6B32, 欲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B32

[U+6B31]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B33]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 76, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 金口弓人 (CRNO), four-corner 87682, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 567, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16080
  • Dae Jaweon: page 956, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2140, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6B32

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *loɡ): phonetic (OC *ɦkroːɡ, *kloːɡ, *ɡ·loːɡ) + semantic .

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

Sino-Tibetan. Compare Burmese လို (lui, to want; to desire) (Schuessler, 2007).

Alternatively, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-ju(w) (to ask; to request), whence Tibetan ཞུ (zhu, to request) (ibid.).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
Harbin /y⁵³/
Tianjin /y⁵³/
Jinan /y²¹/
Qingdao /y⁴²/
Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
Xi'an /y²¹/
Xining /y⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /y¹³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y²¹³/
Wuhan /iəu²¹³/
Chengdu /yo³¹/
/y¹³/
Guiyang /iu²¹/
Kunming /iu³¹/
Nanjing /ʐuʔ⁵/
Hefei /yəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /yəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦioʔ¹/
/ɦyɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦioʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦyəʔ²/
Wenzhou /jo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /iuʔ²¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ʐəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /iəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /iuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ʒot̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚²/
Nanning /juk̚²²/
Hong Kong /jok̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zok̚⁵/
/hau³⁵/ 訓好

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/iok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juawk̚/
Li
Rong
/iok̚/
Wang
Li
/jĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
juk6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ yowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢ(r)ok/
English desire (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4303
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*loɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. wish; desire
    口腹之  ―  kǒufùzhī  ―  desire to eat
    控制  ―  kòngzhì   ―  desire to control
    權力 / 权力  ―  quánlì   ―  desire for power
  2. to wish; to desire; to want
  3. about to

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“desire; lust”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms


Min Dong
Min Dong

From the grammaticalization of (OC *pad, “to send out; to go forth; to proceed”) (Tu, 2017).

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Min Dong, Hokkien, Hainanese) to want
  2. (Min Dong, Hokkien) about to
  3. (Hokkien, Hainanese) if
SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. want

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

This character was sometimes used to phonetically transcribe the Old Japanese word for “night” (yo). [cf. Manyōshū : 4134]

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
よく
Grade: 6
Alternative spelling

Attested from the thirteenth century.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(よく) (yoku

  1. desire, a want, that which is wanted
    Synonym: 欲望 (yokubō)
    (よく)()うと
    yoku o iu to
    ideally; if one were to ask for one's desire
  2. greed, avarice
    Synonym: 強欲 (gōyoku)
    (よく)(かたまり)
    yoku no katamari
    greed incarnate; a lump of avarice
  3. ambition, will
    Synonym: 意欲 (iyoku)
    (よく)()
    yoku o dase
    aim high; show ambition

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 바랄 (baral yok))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: dục, giục

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.