See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 96 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一土戈十水 (MGIJE), four-corner 13132, composition)

  1. ball, sphere, globe, orb
  2. round

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 732, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21011
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1144, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1114, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+7403

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (30)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨu/ /gi̯ə̯u/ /ɡiu/ /ɡiu/ /guw/ /ɡĭəu/ /ɡiəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qiú ‹ gjuw › /*[ɡ](r)[u]/ 'ball'?

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10561 1 𧚍 /*ɡu/

NounEdit

  1. ball, sphere, globe, orb

CompoundsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

  1. round

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
きゅう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(gjuw, ball, sphere, orb).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana きゅう, romaji kyū, historical hiragana きう)

  1. sphere; globe; orb
  2. (baseball) pitch

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
たま
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana たま, romaji tama)

  1. ball
  2. bulb (as in a light bulb)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cầu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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